Home » Ratings

2016 Volkswagen Passat

Midsize car
Crashworthiness
  • Small overlap front
    G
  • Moderate overlap front
    G
  • Side
    G
  • Roof strength
    G
  • Head restraints & seats
    G

Crash avoidance & Mitigation
Front crash prevention
Crash avoidance rating
Advanced
with optional
equipment

Headlights
P

Child Seat Anchors (LATCH)
ease of use
G

Check for NHTSA recalls
Model year Front overlap SideRoof strengthHead restraints & seatsFront crash prevention
SmallModerate
2016
G
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
Advanced
2015
A
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
Not available
2014
A
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
Not available
2013
A
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
Not available
2012
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
2010
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
2009
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
2008
G
G
G
M
Crash avoidance rating
2007
G
G
G
M
Crash avoidance rating
2006
G
G
G
A
Crash avoidance rating
2005
G
P
Crash avoidance rating
2004
G
P
Crash avoidance rating
2003
G
P
Crash avoidance rating
2002
G
P
Crash avoidance rating
2001
G
P
Crash avoidance rating
2000
G
Crash avoidance rating
1999
G
Crash avoidance rating
1998
G
Crash avoidance rating
1997
P
Crash avoidance rating
1996
P
Crash avoidance rating
1995
P
Crash avoidance rating

Applies to 2016 models

Overall evaluation
G
Structure and safety cage
G
Injury measures
Head/neck
G
Chest
G
Hip/thigh
G
Lower leg/foot
G
Restraints and dummy kinematics
A
Important: Frontal crash test ratings should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

The Volkswagen Passat was redesigned for the 2012 model year. Beginning with 2013 models built after October 2012, the side curtain airbags were reprogrammed to deploy in small overlap frontal crashes to improve occupant protection. Beginning with 2016 models, the vehicle structure was modified and the side curtain airbags were lengthened to further improve protection in small overlap crashes .

Structure

The driver space was maintained well, with maximum intrusion of the lower interior of 10 cm at the lower hinge pillar. Upper interior intrusion measured 6 cm at the instrument panel.

Injury measures

Measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.

Restraints and dummy kinematics

The dummy’s head barely contacted the frontal airbag before sliding off the left side, leaving the head vulnerable to contact with forward structure. Additionally, the seat belt allowed excessive forward excursion of the dummy’s head and torso to the extent the head hit the steering wheel rim. The side curtain airbag deployed and has sufficient forward coverage to protect the head from contact with side structure and outside objects.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle2016 Volkswagen Passat 1.8T S 4-door
Weight 3,263 lbs.
Side airbagsfront and rear head curtain airbags and front seat-mounted torso airbags
Wheelbase110 in.
Length192 in.
Width72 in.
Engine1.8 L turbocharged 4-cylinder
EPA ratings25 mpg city / 38 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test IDCEN1533
Lower occupant compartment
Lower hinge pillar max (cm)10
Footrest (cm)6
Left toepan (cm)3
Brake pedal (cm)4
Parking brake (cm)
Rocker panel lateral average (cm)3
Upper occupant compartment
Steering column3
Upper hinge pillar max (cm)3
Upper dash (cm)6
Lower instrument panel (cm)6

Driver injury measures

Test IDCEN1533
Head
HIC-15234
Peak gs at hard contact31
Neck
Tension (kN)1.9
Extension bending moment (Nm)20
Maximum Nij 0.34
Chest maximum compression (mm)19
Femur (kN)
Left1.2
Right0.3
Knee displacement (mm)
Left0
Right0
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left0
Right0
Maximum tibia index
Left0.39
Right0.46
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left1.8
Right0.6
Foot acceleration (g)
Left69
Right79

Applies to 2012-16 models

Overall evaluation
G
Structure and safety cage
G
Injury measures
Head/neck
G
Chest
G
Leg/foot, left
G
Leg/foot, right
G
Restraints and dummy kinematics
G
Important: Frontal crash test ratings should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

The Volkswagen Passat was redesigned for the 2012 model year. Frontal ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test conducted by Volkswagen as part of frontal crash test verification.

Injury measures

Measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity. Head acceleration from the roof hit was low.

Restraints and dummy kinematics

Dummy movement was well controlled. During rebound, the dummy's head hit the roof.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle2012 Volkswagen Passat S 4-door
Weight 3,212 lbs.
Side airbagsfront and rear head curtain airbags and front seat-mounted torso airbags
Wheelbase110 in.
Length192 in.
Width72 in.
Engine2.5 L 5-cylinder
EPA ratings22 mpg city / 31 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occcupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test IDVTF1104
Footwell intrusion
Footrest (cm)3
Left (cm)7
Center (cm)6
Right (cm)6
Brake pedal (cm)4
Instrument panel rearward movement
Left (cm)0
Right (cm)0
Steering column movement
Upward (cm)-5
Rearward (cm)-3
A-pillar rearward movement (cm)0

Driver injury measures

Test IDVTF1104
Head
HIC-15167
Peak gs at hard contact34
Neck
Tension (kN)1.1
Extension bending moment (Nm)12
Maximum Nij 0.24
Chest maximum compression (mm)34
Legs
Femur force - left (kN)0.3
Femur force - right (kN)0.8
Knee displacement - left (mm)0
Knee displacement - right (mm)0
Maximum tibia index - left0.33
Maximum tibia index - right0.71
Tibia axial force - left (kN)2.7
Tibia axial force - right (kN)1.7
Foot acceleration (g)
Left86
Right134

Applies to 2012-16 models

Overall evaluation
G
Structure and safety cage
G
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
G
Torso
G
Pelvis/leg
G
Head protection
G
Rear passenger injury measures
Head/neck
G
Torso
G
Pelvis/leg
G
Head protection
G
Side crash test ratings can be compared across vehicle categories.

The Volkswagen Passat was redesigned for the 2012 model year. Side ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test conducted by Volkswagen as part of side crash test verification.

Injury measures

Driver — Measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.

Passenger — Measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.

Head protection

Driver — The dummy's head was protected from being hit by any hard structures, including the intruding barrier, by a side curtain airbag that deployed from the roof.

Passenger — The dummy's head was protected from being hit by any hard structures, including the intruding barrier, by a side curtain airbag that deployed from the roof.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle2012 Volkswagen Passat S 4-door
Weight 3,212 lbs.
Side airbagsstandard front and rear head curtain airbags and standard front seat-mounted torso airbags
Wheelbase110 in.
Length192 in.
Width72 in.
Engine2.5 L 5-cylinder
EPA ratings22 mpg city / 31 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test IDVTS1104
B-pillar to longitudinal centerline of driver's seat (cm)
Negative numbers indicate the amount by which the crush stopped short of the seat centerline.
-16.5

Driver injury measures

Test IDVTS1104
Head HIC-15413
Neck
Tension (kN)1.0
Compression (kN)0.0
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm)32
Lateral force (kN)1.6
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm)36
Average deflection (mm)33
Maximum deflection rate (m/s)3.00
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s)0.50
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN)2.4
Acetabulum force (kN)1.7
Combined force (kN)4.0
Left femur
L-M force (kN)1.3
L-M moment (Nm)56
A-P moment (Nm) 149

Passenger injury measures

Test IDVTS1104
Head HIC-15127
Neck
Tension (kN)0.3
Compression (kN)1.1
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm)27
Lateral force (kN)1.3
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm)30
Average deflection (mm)27
Maximum deflection rate (m/s)3.78
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s)0.47
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN)0.4
Acetabulum force (kN)1.6
Combined force (kN)1.6
Left femur
L-M force (kN)2.0
L-M moment (Nm)189
A-P moment (Nm) 46

Applies to 2012-16 models

Overall evaluation
G
Curb weight3,256 lbs
Peak force20,592 lbs
Strength-to-weight ratio6.32
Tested vehicle
2012 Volkswagen Passat SE 4-door
Roof strength test ratings can be compared across vehicle categories.

In the test, the strength of the roof is determined by pushing a metal plate against one side of it at a slow but constant speed. The force applied relative to the vehicle's weight is known as the strength-to-weight ratio. This graph shows how the ratio varied as the test of this vehicle progressed. The peak strength-to-weight ratio recorded at any time before the roof is crushed 5 inches is the key measurement of roof strength.

A good rating requires a strength-to-weight ratio of at least 4. In other words, the roof must withstand a force of at least 4 times the vehicle's weight before the plate crushes the roof by 5 inches. For an acceptable rating, the minimum required strength-to-weight ratio is 3.25. For a marginal rating, it is 2.5. Anything lower than that is poor.

How this test is conducted

Applies to 2012-16 models

Overall evaluation
G
Dynamic rating
G
Seat/head restraint geometry
G
Important: Ratings for head restraints & seats should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

Seat type

Power leather seats

How this test is conducted

Seat typePower leather seats
Geometry
Backset (mm)24
Distance below top of head (mm)20
Seat design parameters
Pass/failPass
Max T1 acceleration (g)12.6
Head contact time (ms)60
Force rating1
Neck forces
Max neck shear force (N)19
Max neck tension (N)548

Applies to 2016 models

System details

  • Optional Front Assist (with Autonomous Emergency Braking)

Package name

  • Optional Driver Assistance Package

Overall evaluation

Crash avoidance rating
Advanced
with optional
equipment
3 points total

Forward collision warning

This system meets the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration's criteria for forward collision warning.
1 point

Low-speed autobrake

In the 12 mph IIHS test, this vehicle avoided a collision.
2 points

High-speed autobrake

In the 25 mph IIHS test, impact speed was reduced by 0 mph.
0 points

How this rating is determined

Ratings are given for 2 different headlight variations available for this vehicle.
Trim level(s)
  • S trim equipped with Lighting package
  • SE trim equipped with Lighting package
  • SE with Technology trim equipped with Lighting package
  • SEL trim equipped with Lighting package
  • R-Line trim equipped with Lighting package
  • R-Line with Comfort trim equipped with Lighting package
  • SEL Premium trim
  • V6 SEL Premium trim
Low-beam headlight typeLED reflector
High-beam headlight typeLED reflector
Curve-adaptive?No
Automatically switches between low beams and high beams (high-beam assist)?No
Overall rating
P
Distance at which headlights provide at least 5 lux illumination:
car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler 0 ft 100 ft 200 ft 300 ft 400 ft 500 ft 600 ft Low beams Optimal low-beam illumination High beams Optimal high-beam illumination Excessive glare

Low beams

On the straightaway, visibility was good on the left side of the road and fair on the right side. On curves, visibility was fair on both right curves and inadequate on both left curves.

Glare from the low beams was excessive on the straightaway.

High beams

On the straightaway, visibility was fair on the right side of the road and inadequate on the left side. On curves, visibility was inadequate in all 4 tests.

How this test is conducted

Trim level(s)
  • S trim
  • SE trim
  • SE with Technology trim
  • SEL trim
  • R-Line trim
  • R-Line with Comfort trim
Low-beam headlight typeHalogen reflector
High-beam headlight typeHalogen reflector
Curve-adaptive?No
Automatically switches between low beams and high beams (high-beam assist)?No
Overall rating
P
Distance at which headlights provide at least 5 lux illumination:
car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler 0 ft 100 ft 200 ft 300 ft 400 ft 500 ft 600 ft Low beams Optimal low-beam illumination High beams Optimal high-beam illumination

Low beams

On the straightaway, visibility was inadequate on both sides of the road. On curves, visibility was inadequate in all 4 tests.

The low beams never created excessive glare.

High beams

On the straightaway, visibility was inadequate on both sides of the road. On curves, visibility was inadequate in all 4 tests.

How this test is conducted

Trim level(s)
  • S trim equipped with Lighting package
  • SE trim equipped with Lighting package
  • SE with Technology trim equipped with Lighting package
  • SEL trim equipped with Lighting package
  • R-Line trim equipped with Lighting package
  • R-Line with Comfort trim equipped with Lighting package
  • SEL Premium trim
  • V6 SEL Premium trim
Low-beam headlight typeLED reflector
High-beam headlight typeLED reflector
Curve-adaptive?No
High-beam assist?No
Overall rating
Applies to 2016 models
P
LOW BEAMSAverage minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Acceptable glare?
Straightaway right edge84.2 mNo
Straightaway left edge57.6 mNo
250m radius right curve, right edge62.1 mYes
250m radius left curve, left edge50.0 mYes
150m radius right curve, right edge49.8 mYes
150m radius left curve, left edge43.9 mYes
HIGH BEAMSAverage minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Straightaway right edge133.6 m
Straightaway left edge111.7 m
250m radius right curve, right edge62.9 m
250m radius left curve, left edge57.2 m
150m radius right curve, right edge50.1 m
150m radius left curve, left edge46.5 m

Trim level(s)
  • S trim
  • SE trim
  • SE with Technology trim
  • SEL trim
  • R-Line trim
  • R-Line with Comfort trim
Low-beam headlight typeHalogen reflector
High-beam headlight typeHalogen reflector
Curve-adaptive?No
High-beam assist?No
Overall rating
Applies to 2016 models
P
LOW BEAMSAverage minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Acceptable glare?
Straightaway right edge61.2 mYes
Straightaway left edge39.4 mYes
250m radius right curve, right edge41.6 mYes
250m radius left curve, left edge39.8 mYes
150m radius right curve, right edge37.1 mYes
150m radius left curve, left edge34.5 mYes
HIGH BEAMSAverage minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Straightaway right edge126.4 m
Straightaway left edge106.2 m
250m radius right curve, right edge54.1 m
250m radius left curve, left edge54.9 m
150m radius right curve, right edge41.5 m
150m radius left curve, left edge42.0 m

Applies to 2015-16 models

How this rating is determined

Overall evaluation

G
Vehicle trimTDI SE
Seat type leather

This vehicle has 2 rear seating positions with complete child seat attachment (LATCH) hardware.

It has 1 additional seating position with a tether anchor only.

123


Good
Acceptable
Marginal
Poor
Seating positions that rely on borrowed lower anchors or have only a tether anchor available are not rated.
Tether anchor
Lower anchors
Lower anchor(s) can be borrowed from adjacent positions(s)
No hardware available

Details by seating position

1
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
no other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
not too deep in seat
not too much force needed to attach
easy to maneuver around anchors
2
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
no other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
none available
3
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
no other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
not too deep in seat
not too much force needed to attach
easy to maneuver around anchors

Seat position 21

3
Lower anchor A
Open access ratedNo
Depth (cm)0-2
Force (lbs)16
Clearance angle (degrees)71
Lower anchor B
Open access ratedNo
Depth (cm)0-2
Force (lbs)17
Clearance angle (degrees)74
Tether anchor
LocationRear deck
Confusing hardware presentNo
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
No

Seat position 22

2
Lower anchor A
No lower latch for this seat position
Lower anchor B
No lower latch for this seat position
Tether anchor
LocationRear deck
Confusing hardware presentNo
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
No

Seat position 23

1
Lower anchor A
Open access ratedNo
Depth (cm)0-2
Force (lbs)15
Clearance angle (degrees)76
Lower anchor B
Open access ratedNo
Depth (cm)0-2
Force (lbs)14
Clearance angle (degrees)73
Tether anchor
LocationRear deck
Confusing hardware presentNo
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
No
1
Side airbags: front and rear head curtain airbags and front seat-mounted torso airbags
2
Rollover sensor: designed to deploy the side curtain airbags in the event of an impending rollover (beginning with 2016 models)
3
Electronic stability control
4
Antilock brakes
5
Daytime running lights

©1996-2016, Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, Highway Loss Data Institute | www.iihs.org