Applies to 2013-14 models
|Structure and safety cage|
|Restraints and dummy kinematics|
Important: Frontal crash test ratings should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.
The Volkswagen Passat was redesigned for the 2012 model year. Beginning with 2013 models built after October 2012, the side curtain airbags were reprogrammed to deploy in small overlap frontal crashes to improve occupant protection (note: information about when a specific vehicle was manufactured is on the certification label typically affixed to the car on or near the driver door). The tested car was retrofitted by Volkswagen engineers with a new airbag computer identical to that used in the modified production cars.
The driver space was maintained reasonably well, with maximum intrusion of the lower interior of 16 cm, and the upper hinge pillar and instrument panel intruded 9-11 cm.
Measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.
Restraints and dummy kinematics
The dummy’s head barely contacted the frontal airbag before sliding off the left side as the steering column moved 12 cm to the right, leaving the head vulnerable to contact with forward side structure. Additionally, the seat belt allowed excessive forward excursion of the dummy’s head and torso. The side curtain airbag deployed but does not have sufficient forward coverage to protect the head from contact with forward side structure and outside objects.
Tested vehicle specifications
|Tested vehicle||2012 Volkswagen Passat S 4-door|
|Weight|| 3,254 lbs.|
|Side airbags||front and rear head curtain airbags and front seat-mounted torso airbags|
|Engine||2.5 L 5-cylinder|
|EPA ratings||22 mpg city / 31 mpg highway|
How this test is conducted
Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side
|Lower hinge pillar max (cm)||16|
|Lower occupant compartment|
|Left toepan (cm)||1|
|Brake pedal (cm)||3|
|Parking brake (cm)|
|Rocker panel lateral average (cm)||4|
|Upper hinge pillar max (cm)||9|
|Upper occupant compartment|
|Upper dash (cm)||10|
|Lower instrument panel (cm)||11|
Driver injury measures
|Peak gs at hard contact|
|Tension (kN)||2.1 |
|Extension bending moment (Nm)||16 |
|Maximum Nij ||0.36 |
|Chest maximum compression (mm)||21 |
|Knee displacement (mm)|
|Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)|
|Maximum tibia index|
|Tibia axial force (kN)|
|Foot acceleration (g)|