Home » Ratings » Toyota RAV4 » 2014

2014 Toyota RAV4

Small SUV

Crashworthiness
Front crash
prevention
Crash avoidance rating
Not Available
  • Small overlap front
    P
  • Moderate overlap front
    G
  • Side
    G
  • Roof strength
    G
  • Head restraints & seats
    G
1
Side airbags: front and rear head curtain airbags and front seat-mounted torso airbags
2
Rollover sensor: designed to deploy the side curtain airbags in the event of an impending rollover
3
Driver knee airbag: a separate airbag in the lower instrument panel designed to minimize knee injuries in frontal crashes
4
Seat cushion airbag: a separate airbag in the forward portion of the front passenger seat cushion to prevent occupants from sliding under the seat belts
5
Electronic stability control
6
Antilock brakes
7
Daytime running lights
Model yearFront small overlapFront moderate overlapSideRoof strengthHead restraints & seats
2014
P
G
G
G
G
2013
P
G
G
G
G
2012
G
G
A
G
2011
G
G
A
G
2010
G
G
A
G
2009
G
G
A
G
2008
G
G
A
M
2007
G
G
A
M
2006
G
G
A
M
2005
G
G
P
M
2004
G
G
P
M
2003
A
P
M
2002
A
P
2001
A
P
2000
M
1999
M
1998
M
1997
M
1996
M

Applies to 2013-14 models

Overall evaluation
P
Structure and safety cage
P
Injury measures
Head/neck
G
Chest
G
Hip/thigh
G
Lower leg/foot
P
Restraints and dummy kinematics
M
Important: Frontal crash test ratings should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

The Toyota RAV4 was redesigned for the 2013 model year. Beginning with 2013 models built after April 2013, Toyota made additional changes to better control the stability of the steering column and to provide extra padding under the footwell carpeting (note: information about when a specific vehicle was manufactured is on the certification label typically affixed to the car on or near the driver door). The changes, however, weren’t enough to lift the RAV4’s performance in the small overlap frontal test.

Structure

The driver's space was seriously compromised by intruding structure. Lower interior intrusion measured as much as 31 cm at the hinge pillar. Upper interior intrusion measured 21 cm at the hinge pillar and 17 cm at the instrument panel. The dummy's left foot was trapped by crushed and buckled sheet metal in the footwell.

Injury measures

Measures from the dummy indicate that injuries to the left lower leg would be likely in a crash of this severity. The risk of significant injuries to other body regions is low, including head injury risk from the instrument panel hit.

Restraints and dummy kinematics

The dummy’s head barely contacted the frontal airbag before sliding off the left side as the steering column moved 19 cm to the right, resulting in little airbag cushioning for the chest. Additionally, the seat belt allowed excessive forward excursion of the dummy’s head and torso, contributing to the head hitting the instrument panel. The side torso airbag deployed.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle2013 Toyota RAV4 LE 4wd
Weight 3,548 lbs.
Side airbagsfront and rear head curtain airbags and front seat-mounted torso airbags
Wheelbase105 in.
Length180 in.
Width73 in.
Engine2.5 L 4-cylinder
EPA ratings22 mpg city / 29 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test IDCEN1319
Lower hinge pillar max (cm)31
Footrest (cm)20
Lower occupant compartment
Left toepan (cm)4
Brake pedal (cm)7
Parking brake (cm)
Rocker panel lateral average (cm)12
Steering column4
Upper hinge pillar max (cm)21
Upper occupant compartment
Upper dash (cm)17
Lower instrument panel (cm)17

Driver injury measures

Test IDCEN1319
Head
HIC-15283
Peak gs at hard contactno data
Neck
Tension (kN)1.9
Extension bending moment (Nm)12
Maximum Nij 0.27
Chest maximum compression (mm)18
Femur (kN)
Left2.9
Right1.0
Knee displacement (mm)
Left5
Right1
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left0
Right0
Maximum tibia index
Left1.29
Right0.38
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left4.8
Right2.0
Foot acceleration (g)
Left67
Right125

Applies to 2013-14 models

Overall evaluation
G
Structure and safety cage
G
Injury measures
Head/neck
G
Chest
G
Leg/foot, left
G
Leg/foot, right
G
Restraints and dummy kinematics
G
Important: Frontal crash test ratings should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

The Toyota RAV4 was redesigned for the 2013 model year. Moderate overlap frontal ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test conducted by Toyota as part of frontal crash test verification.

Injury measures

Measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.

Restraints and dummy kinematics

Dummy movement was well controlled. The driver side curtain airbag deployed during the crash. After the dummy moved forward into the frontal airbag, its head contacted the side curtain airbag.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle2013 Toyota RAV4 LE 4wd
Weight 3,560 lbs.
Side airbagsfront and rear head curtain airbags and front seat-mounted torso airbags
Wheelbase105 in.
Length180 in.
Width73 in.
Engine2.5 L 4-cylinder
EPA ratings22 mpg city / 29 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occcupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test IDVTF1221
Footwell intrusion
Footrest (cm)6
Left (cm)9
Center (cm)6
Right (cm)5
Brake pedal (cm)5
Instrument panel rearward movement
Left (cm)1
Right (cm)1
Steering column movement
Upward (cm)-1
Rearward (cm)4
A-pillar rearward movement (cm)1

Driver injury measures

Test IDVTF1221
Head
HIC-15237
Peak gs at hard contactno contact
Neck
Tension (kN)1.7
Extension bending moment (Nm)12
Maximum Nij 0.31
Chest maximum compression (mm)27
Legs
Femur force - left (kN)1.0
Femur force - right (kN)1.2
Knee displacement - left (mm)0
Knee displacement - right (mm)1
Maximum tibia index - left0.48
Maximum tibia index - right0.40
Tibia axial force - left (kN)2.3
Tibia axial force - right (kN)2.6
Foot acceleration (g)
Left68
Right81

Applies to 2013-14 models

Overall evaluation
G
Structure and safety cage
G
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
G
Torso
G
Pelvis/leg
G
Head protection
G
Rear passenger injury measures
Head/neck
G
Torso
G
Pelvis/leg
G
Head protection
G
Side crash test ratings can be compared across vehicle categories.

The Toyota RAV4 was redesigned for the 2013 model year. Two side tests of the RAV4 were conducted, one by the Institute and the other by Toyota as part of side crash test verification. Ratings are based on both tests.

Injury measures

Driver — In both tests, measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.

Passenger — In both tests, measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.

Head protection

Driver — In both tests, the dummy’s head was protected from being hit by any hard structures, including the intruding barrier, by a side curtain airbag that deployed from the roof.

Passenger — In both tests, the dummy’s head was protected from being hit by any hard structures, including the intruding barrier, by a side curtain airbag that deployed from the roof.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle2013 Toyota RAV4 LE 4wd
Weight 3,541 lbs.
Side airbagsstandard front and rear head curtain airbags and standard front seat-mounted torso airbags
Wheelbase105 in.
Length180 in.
Width73 in.
Engine2.5 L 4-cylinder
EPA ratings22 mpg city / 29 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test IDVTS1225CES1302
B-pillar to longitudinal centerline of driver's seat (cm)
Negative numbers indicate the amount by which the crush stopped short of the seat centerline.
-14.5-15.0

Driver injury measures

Test IDVTS1225CES1302
Head HIC-15277201
Neck
Tension (kN)0.60.4
Compression (kN)0.10.2
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm)4736
Lateral force (kN)2.21.8
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm)3819
Average deflection (mm)2613
Maximum deflection rate (m/s)6.102.50
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s)0.510.16
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN)1.92.3
Acetabulum force (kN)2.41.9
Combined force (kN)4.24.2
Left femur
L-M force (kN)1.00.2
L-M moment (Nm)124107
A-P moment (Nm) 34-17

Passenger injury measures

Test IDVTS1225CES1302
Head HIC-15136152
Neck
Tension (kN)0.20.2
Compression (kN)0.70.7
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm)3320
Lateral force (kN)1.41.2
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm)4230
Average deflection (mm)2516
Maximum deflection rate (m/s)3.302.49
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s)0.760.37
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN)0.60.8
Acetabulum force (kN)1.91.3
Combined force (kN)1.91.5
Left femur
L-M force (kN)1.41.7
L-M moment (Nm)192206
A-P moment (Nm) -30-63

Applies to 2013-14 models

Overall evaluation
G
Curb weight3,516 lbs
Peak force17,575 lbs
Strength-to-weight ratio5.00
Tested vehicle
2013 Toyota RAV4 LE 4-door 4wd
Roof strength test ratings can be compared across vehicle categories.

In the test, the strength of the roof is determined by pushing a metal plate against one side of it at a slow but constant speed. The force applied relative to the vehicle's weight is known as the strength-to-weight ratio. This graph shows how the ratio varied as the test of this vehicle progressed. The peak strength-to-weight ratio recorded at any time before the roof is crushed 5 inches is the key measurement of roof strength.

A good rating requires a strength-to-weight ratio of at least 4. In other words, the roof must withstand a force of at least 4 times the vehicle's weight before the plate crushes the roof by 5 inches. For an acceptable rating, the minimum required strength-to-weight ratio is 3.25. For a marginal rating, it is 2.5. Anything lower than that is poor.

How this test is conducted

Applies to 2013-14 models

Overall evaluation
G
Dynamic rating
G
Seat/head restraint geometry
G
Important: Head restraints & seats ratings should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

Seat type

Manual cloth seats

How this test is conducted

Seat typeManual cloth seats
Geometry
Backset (mm)22
Distance below top of head (mm)10
Seat design parameters
Pass/failPass
Max T1 acceleration (g)14.1
Head contact time (ms)65
Force ratingLow
Neck forces
Max neck shear force (N)0
Max neck tension (N)470

Applies to 2013-14 models

Overall evaluation

Crash avoidance rating
Not Available
0 points total

Forward collision warning

Not available.
0 points

Low-speed autobrake

Not available.
0 points

High-speed autobrake

Not available.
0 points

How this rating is determined

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