Applies to 2013-14 models built after April 2013
|Structure and safety cage|
|Restraints and dummy kinematics|
Important: Frontal crash test ratings should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.
The Toyota RAV4 was redesigned for the 2013 model year. Beginning with 2013 models built after April 2013, Toyota made additional changes to better control the stability of the steering column and to provide extra padding under the footwell carpeting (note: information about when a specific vehicle was manufactured is on the certification label typically affixed to the car on or near the driver door). The changes, however, weren’t enough to lift the RAV4’s performance in the small overlap frontal test.
The driver's space was seriously compromised by intruding structure. Lower interior intrusion measured as much as 31 cm at the hinge pillar. Upper interior intrusion measured 21 cm at the hinge pillar and 17 cm at the instrument panel. The dummy's left foot was trapped by crushed and buckled sheet metal in the footwell.
Measures from the dummy indicate that injuries to the left lower leg would be likely in a crash of this severity. The risk of significant injuries to other body regions is low, including head injury risk from the instrument panel hit.
Restraints and dummy kinematics
The dummy’s head barely contacted the frontal airbag before sliding off the left side as the steering column moved 19 cm to the right, resulting in little airbag cushioning for the chest. Additionally, the seat belt allowed excessive forward excursion of the dummy’s head and torso, contributing to the head hitting the instrument panel. The side curtain airbag deployed and had sufficient forward coverage to protect the head from contact with side structure and outside objects. The side torso airbag also deployed.
Tested vehicle specifications
|Tested vehicle||2013 Toyota RAV4 LE 4-door 4wd|
|Weight|| 3,548 lbs.|
|Side airbags||front and rear head curtain airbags and front seat-mounted torso airbags|
|Engine||2.5 L 4-cylinder|
|EPA ratings||22 mpg city / 29 mpg highway|
How this test is conducted
Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side
|Lower occupant compartment|
|Lower hinge pillar max (cm)||31|
|Left toepan (cm)||4|
|Brake pedal (cm)||7|
|Parking brake (cm)|
|Rocker panel lateral average (cm)||12|
|Upper occupant compartment|
|Upper hinge pillar max (cm)||21|
|Upper dash (cm)||17|
|Lower instrument panel (cm)||17|
Driver injury measures
|Peak gs at hard contact||not meas. |
|Tension (kN)||1.9 |
|Extension bending moment (Nm)||12 |
|Maximum Nij ||0.27 |
|Chest maximum compression (mm)||18 |
|Knee displacement (mm)|
|Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)|
|Maximum tibia index|
|Tibia axial force (kN)|
|Foot acceleration (g)|