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2002 Toyota RAV4

Small SUV
  • Moderate overlap front
    A
  • Side
    P
1
Side airbags: front and rear head curtain airbags with front seat-mounted torso airbags (optional beginning with 2004 models)
2
Electronic stability control (beginning with 2004 models)
3
Antilock brakes (standard beginning with 2004 models, optional on 2001-03 models)
4
Daytime running lights (optional)
Model yearFront small overlapFront moderate overlapSideRoof strengthHead restraints & seats
2014
P
G
G
G
G
2013
P
G
G
G
G
2012
G
G
A
G
2011
G
G
A
G
2010
G
G
A
G
2009
G
G
A
G
2008
G
G
A
M
2007
G
G
A
M
2006
G
G
A
M
2005
G
G
P
M
2004
G
G
P
M
2003
A
P
M
2002
A
P
2001
A
P
2000
M
1999
M
1998
M
1997
M
1996
M

Applies to 2001-04 models

Overall evaluation
A
Structure and safety cage
G
Injury measures
Head/neck
A
Chest
G
Leg/foot, left
A
Leg/foot, right
A
Restraints and dummy kinematics
G
Important: Frontal crash test ratings should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

The Toyota RAV4 was redesigned for the 2001 model year. All 2001 and later RAV4 models manufactured after October 2000 include structural and airbag modifications to improve occupant protection in frontal offset crashes (note: information about when a specific vehicle was manufactured is on the certification label typically affixed to the car on or near the driver door). Further structural modifications were made beginning with 2004 models manufactured in January 2004 and later, so these ratings do not apply to the latest models.

The Insurance Institute for Highway Safety has evaluated the crashworthiness of a 2001 RAV4 with the initial structural and airbag modifications in a 40 mph frontal offset crash test into a deformable barrier.

Injury measures

Measures taken from the neck and chest indicate low risk of injuries to these body regions in a crash of this severity. A high head acceleration occurred when the dummy's head hit the steering wheel through the airbag, indicating that head injuries would be possible. Forces on both tibias indicate that injuries to the lower legs would be possible. Head acceleration from the B-pillar hit was negligible.

Restraints and dummy kinematics

Dummy movement was well controlled. During rebound, the dummy's head hit the B-pillar.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle2001 Toyota RAV4 4wd
Weight 3,104 lbs.
Side airbagsnone
Wheelbase98 in.
Length166 in.
Width70 in.
Engine2.0 L 4-cylinder
EPA ratings23 mpg city / 27 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occcupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test IDCEF0106
Footwell intrusion
Footrest (cm)11
Left (cm)19
Center (cm)18
Right (cm)13
Brake pedal (cm)18
Instrument panel rearward movement
Left (cm)2
Right (cm)1
Steering column movement
Upward (cm)9
Rearward (cm)2
A-pillar rearward movement (cm)2

Driver injury measures

Test IDCEF0106
Head
HIC-15357
Peak gs at hard contact73
Neck
Tension (kN)1.9
Extension bending moment (Nm)46
Maximum Nij 0.39
Chest maximum compression (mm)23
Legs
Femur force - left (kN)0.9
Femur force - right (kN)3.8
Knee displacement - left (mm)0
Knee displacement - right (mm)0
Maximum tibia index - left0.85
Maximum tibia index - right0.80
Tibia axial force - left (kN)2.4
Tibia axial force - right (kN)4.1
Foot acceleration (g)
Left85
Right119

Applies to 2001-05 models

Overall evaluation
P
Structure and safety cage
M
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
A
Torso
P
Pelvis/leg
P
Head protection
P
Rear passenger injury measures
Head/neck
G
Torso
G
Pelvis/leg
M
Head protection
M
Side crash test ratings can be compared across vehicle categories.

The Toyota RAV4 was redesigned for the 2001 model year. Beginning with 2004 models, side airbags were added as options and structural changes were made to improve occupant protection in side-impact crashes.

Note: Toyota reported that the structural changes alone would not significantly affect side-impact performance; therefore, the overall side impact rating for 2004-05 models without side airbags is the same (Poor) as for 2001-03 RAV4s. However, based on an Institute test of a 2004 RAV4 with side airbags, the structure rating improves to Acceptable for all 2004-05 models.

Injury measures

Driver — Measures taken from the dummy indicate that rib fractures and/or internal organ injuries as well as a fracture of the pelvis would be likely in a crash of this severity. Serious neck injuries would also be possible.

Passenger — Measures taken from the dummy indicate that a fracture of the pelvis would be possible in a crash of this severity. The risk of significant injuries to other body regions is low.

Head protection

Driver — The dummy's head was hit by the intruding barrier. This impact did not produce high head injury measures, but head hits with intruding objects such as other vehicles, trees, and poles should be prevented.

Passenger — The dummy's head was hit by the window sill and glass of the rear passenger door. These impacts did not produce high head injury measures, but the head protection is inadequate.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle2003 Toyota RAV4 L 4wd
Weight 3,113 lbs.
Side airbagsnone
Wheelbase98 in.
Length167 in.
Width70 in.
Engine2.0 L 4-cylinder
EPA ratings22 mpg city / 27 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test IDCES0302
B-pillar to longitudinal centerline of driver's seat (cm)
Negative numbers indicate the amount by which the crush stopped short of the seat centerline.
-2.5

Driver injury measures

Test IDCES0302
Head HIC-15338
Neck
Tension (kN)2.3
Compression (kN)0.0
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm)51
Lateral force (kN)3.3
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm)43
Average deflection (mm)33
Maximum deflection rate (m/s)10.34
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s)1.44
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN)6.7
Acetabulum force (kN)2.3
Combined force (kN)9.0
Left femur
L-M force (kN)0.8
L-M moment (Nm)57
A-P moment (Nm) -32

Passenger injury measures

Test IDCES0302
Head HIC-15206
Neck
Tension (kN)1.3
Compression (kN)0.2
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm)49
Lateral force (kN)2.0
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm)45
Average deflection (mm)33
Maximum deflection rate (m/s)3.90
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s)0.80
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN)3.9
Acetabulum force (kN)2.7
Combined force (kN)6.4
Left femur
L-M force (kN)0.3
L-M moment (Nm)69
A-P moment (Nm) 23

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