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1997 Toyota RAV4

Small SUV
  • Moderate overlap front
    M
1
Antilock brakes (optional)
2
Daytime running lights (optional on 2000 models)
Model yearFront small overlapFront moderate overlapSideRoof strengthHead restraints & seats
2014
P
G
G
G
G
2013
P
G
G
G
G
2012
G
G
A
G
2011
G
G
A
G
2010
G
G
A
G
2009
G
G
A
G
2008
G
G
A
M
2007
G
G
A
M
2006
G
G
A
M
2005
G
G
P
M
2004
G
G
P
M
2003
A
P
M
2002
A
P
2001
A
P
2000
M
1999
M
1998
M
1997
M
1996
M

Applies to 1996-2000 models

Overall evaluation
M
Structure and safety cage
A
Injury measures
Head/neck
A
Chest
A
Leg/foot, left
P
Leg/foot, right
G
Restraints and dummy kinematics
M
Important: Frontal crash test ratings should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

The Toyota RAV4 was introduced in the 1996 model year.

Injury measures

Measures taken from the right leg indicate low risk of injuries to this body region in a crash of this severity. High acceleration occured when the dummy's head hit the B-pillar, indicating that injuries to the head would be possible. Accelerations on the chest indicate that injuries to the chest would be possible. Forces on the left tibia indicate that injury to the lower leg would be likely.

Restraints and dummy kinematics

Dummy movement wasn't well controlled. There was too much upward movement of the steering wheel. During rebound, the dummy moved toward the driver door, and its head hit the B-pillar. The dummy's right knee also hit a metal flange under the steering column, which punctured the vinyl "skin" at the knee.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle1998 Toyota RAV4 4wd
Weight 3,007 lbs.
Side airbagsnone
Wheelbase95 in.
Length164 in.
Width67 in.
Engine2.0 L 4-cylinder
EPA ratings22 mpg city / 26 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occcupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test IDCF98014
Footwell intrusion
Footrest (cm)14
Left (cm)26
Center (cm)24
Right (cm)18
Brake pedal (cm)29
Instrument panel rearward movement
Left (cm)2
Right (cm)4
Steering column movement
Upward (cm)11
Rearward (cm)-4
A-pillar rearward movement (cm)4

Driver injury measures

Test IDCF98014
Head
HIC-15407
Peak gs at hard contact80.000000
Neck
Tension (kN)1.8
Extension bending moment (Nm)26
Maximum Nij 0.42
Chest maximum compression (mm)23
Legs
Femur force - left (kN)3.2
Femur force - right (kN)3.8
Knee displacement - left (mm)1
Knee displacement - right (mm)4
Maximum tibia index - left1.48
Maximum tibia index - right0.71
Tibia axial force - left (kN)2.2
Tibia axial force - right (kN)3.7
Foot acceleration (g)
Left88
Right106

©1996-2014, Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, Highway Loss Data Institute | www.iihs.org