Home » Ratings

2016 Toyota RAV4

Small SUV
Crashworthiness
  • Small overlap front
    G
  • Moderate overlap front
    G
  • Side
    G
  • Roof strength
    G
  • Head restraints & seats
    G

Crash avoidance & Mitigation
Front crash prevention
Crash avoidance rating
Superior
with optional
equipment

Headlights
M
only certain
trims

Child Seat Anchors (LATCH)
ease of use
M


Ratings shown are the latest available for this model year.
See below for ratings based on manufacture date.

Check for NHTSA recalls

The photos and videos shown here may be of a different model, model year or body type from the one selected. The ratings of one vehicle often apply to other models if they are built on the same platform. In addition, a test of a vehicle from one model year may apply to earlier or later model years if the vehicle hasn't been significantly redesigned.

Model year Front overlap Side Roof strength Head restraints & seats Front crash prevention
Small Moderate
2016
G
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
Superior
2015
G
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
Not available
2014
P
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
Not available
2013
P
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
Not available
2012
G
G
A
G
Crash avoidance rating
2011
G
G
A
G
Crash avoidance rating
2010
G
G
A
G
Crash avoidance rating
2009
G
G
A
G
Crash avoidance rating
2008
G
G
A
M
Crash avoidance rating
2007
G
G
A
M
Crash avoidance rating
2006
G
G
A
M
Crash avoidance rating
2005
G
G
P
M
Crash avoidance rating
2004
G
G
P
M
Crash avoidance rating
2003
A
P
M
Crash avoidance rating
2002
A
P
Crash avoidance rating
2001
A
P
Crash avoidance rating
2000
M
Crash avoidance rating
1999
M
Crash avoidance rating
1998
M
Crash avoidance rating
1997
M
Crash avoidance rating
1996
M
Crash avoidance rating

Applies to 2015-16 models built after November 2014

Overall evaluation
G
Structure and safety cage
G
Injury measures
Head/neck
G
Chest
G
Hip/thigh
G
Lower leg/foot
G
Restraints and dummy kinematics
G
Important: Frontal crash test ratings should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

The Toyota RAV4 was redesigned for the 2013 model year. Beginning with 2015 models built after November 2014, the front-end and occupant compartment structure was modified to improve occupant protection in small overlap frontal crashes. (Information about when a specific vehicle was manufactured is on the certification label typically affixed to the car on the driver door or adjacent B-pillar.)

Structure

The driver space was maintained well, with maximum intrusion of the lower interior of 9 cm at the lower hinge pillar. Upper interior intrusion measured 4-5 cm at the hinge pillar and instrument panel.

Injury measures

Measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.

Restraints and dummy kinematics

The dummy’s movement was well controlled. The dummy’s head loaded the frontal airbag, which stayed in front of the dummy until rebound. The side curtain airbag deployed and had sufficient forward coverage to protect the head from contact with side structure and outside objects. The side torso airbag also deployed.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle 2015 Toyota RAV4 LE 4-door 4wd
Weight 3,573 lbs.
Side airbags front and rear head curtain airbags and front seat-mounted torso airbags
Wheelbase 105 in.
Length 182 in.
Width 73 in.
Engine 2.5 L 4-cylinder
EPA ratings 22 mpg city / 29 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CEN1451
Lower occupant compartment
Lower hinge pillar max (cm) 9
Footrest (cm) 6
Left toepan (cm) 2
Brake pedal (cm) 3
Parking brake (cm)
Rocker panel lateral average (cm) 2
Upper occupant compartment
Steering column 1
Upper hinge pillar max (cm) 4
Upper dash (cm) 5
Lower instrument panel (cm) 5

Driver injury measures

Test ID CEN1451
Head
HIC-15 163
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.2
Extension bending moment (Nm) 9
Maximum Nij 0.26
Chest maximum compression (mm) 22
Femur (kN)
Left 1.6
Right 1.1
Knee displacement (mm)
Left 0
Right 1
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left 0
Right 0
Maximum tibia index
Left 0.40
Right 0.41
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left 3.5
Right 1.5
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 62
Right 47

Applies to 2013-16 models

Overall evaluation
G
Structure and safety cage
G
Injury measures
Head/neck
G
Chest
G
Leg/foot, left
G
Leg/foot, right
G
Restraints and dummy kinematics
G
Important: Frontal crash test ratings should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

The Toyota RAV4 was redesigned for the 2013 model year. Moderate overlap frontal ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test conducted by Toyota as part of frontal crash test verification.

Injury measures

Measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.

Restraints and dummy kinematics

Dummy movement was well controlled. The driver side curtain airbag deployed during the crash. After the dummy moved forward into the frontal airbag, its head contacted the side curtain airbag.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle 2013 Toyota Rav4 LE 4-door 4wd
Weight 3,560 lbs.
Side airbags front and rear head curtain airbags and front seat-mounted torso airbags
Wheelbase 105 in.
Length 180 in.
Width 73 in.
Engine 2.5 L 4-cylinder
EPA ratings 22 mpg city / 29 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occcupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID VTF1221
Footwell intrusion
Footrest (cm) 6
Left (cm) 9
Center (cm) 6
Right (cm) 5
Brake pedal (cm) 5
Instrument panel rearward movement
Left (cm) 1
Right (cm) 1
Steering column movement
Upward (cm) -1
Rearward (cm) -4
A-pillar rearward movement (cm) 1

Driver injury measures

Test ID VTF1221
Head
HIC-15 237
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.7
Extension bending moment (Nm) 12
Maximum Nij 0.31
Chest maximum compression (mm) 27
Legs
Femur force - left (kN) 1.0
Femur force - right (kN) 1.2
Knee displacement - left (mm) 0
Knee displacement - right (mm) 1
Maximum tibia index - left 0.48
Maximum tibia index - right 0.40
Tibia axial force - left (kN) 2.3
Tibia axial force - right (kN) 2.6
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 68
Right 81

Applies to 2013-16 models

Overall evaluation
G
Structure and safety cage
G
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
G
Torso
G
Pelvis/leg
G
Head protection
G
Rear passenger injury measures
Head/neck
G
Torso
G
Pelvis/leg
G
Head protection
G
Side crash test ratings can be compared across vehicle categories.

The Toyota RAV4 was redesigned for the 2013 model year. Two side tests of the RAV4 were conducted, one by the Institute and the other by Toyota as part of side crash test verification. Ratings are based on both tests.

Injury measures

Driver — In both tests, measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.

Passenger — In both tests, measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.

Head protection

Driver — In both tests, the dummy’s head was protected from being hit by any hard structures, including the intruding barrier, by a side curtain airbag that deployed from the roof.

Passenger — In both tests, the dummy’s head was protected from being hit by any hard structures, including the intruding barrier, by a side curtain airbag that deployed from the roof.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle 2013 Toyota RAV4 LE 4-door 4wd
Weight 3,538 lbs.
Side airbags
Wheelbase 105 in.
Length 180 in.
Width 73 in.
Engine 2.5 L 4-cylinder
EPA ratings 22 mpg city / 29 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID VTS1225 CES1302
B-pillar to longitudinal centerline of driver's seat (cm)
Negative numbers indicate the amount by which the crush stopped short of the seat centerline.
-14.5 -15.0

Driver injury measures

Test ID VTS1225 CES1302
Head HIC-15 277 201
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.6 0.4
Compression (kN) 0.1 0.2
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 47 36
Lateral force (kN) 2.2 1.8
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 38 19
Average deflection (mm) 26 13
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 6.10 2.50
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.51 0.16
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 1.9 2.3
Acetabulum force (kN) 2.4 1.9
Combined force (kN) 4.2 4.2
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 1.0 0.2
L-M moment (Nm) 124 107
A-P moment (Nm) 34 -17

Passenger injury measures

Test ID VTS1225 CES1302
Head HIC-15 136 152
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.2 0.2
Compression (kN) 0.7 0.7
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 33 20
Lateral force (kN) 1.4 1.2
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 42 30
Average deflection (mm) 25 16
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 3.30 2.49
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.76 0.37
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 0.6 0.8
Acetabulum force (kN) 1.9 1.3
Combined force (kN) 1.9 1.5
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 1.4 1.7
L-M moment (Nm) 192 206
A-P moment (Nm) -30 -63

Applies to 2013-16 models

Overall evaluation
G
Curb weight 3,516 lbs
Peak force 17,575 lbs
Strength-to-weight ratio 5.00
Tested vehicle
2013 Toyota RAV4 LE 4-door 4wd
Roof strength test ratings can be compared across vehicle categories.

In the test, the strength of the roof is determined by pushing a metal plate against one side of it at a slow but constant speed. The force applied relative to the vehicle's weight is known as the strength-to-weight ratio. This graph shows how the ratio varied as the test of this vehicle progressed. The peak strength-to-weight ratio recorded at any time before the roof is crushed 5 inches is the key measurement of roof strength.

A good rating requires a strength-to-weight ratio of at least 4. In other words, the roof must withstand a force of at least 4 times the vehicle's weight before the plate crushes the roof by 5 inches. For an acceptable rating, the minimum required strength-to-weight ratio is 3.25. For a marginal rating, it is 2.5. Anything lower than that is poor.

How this test is conducted

Applies to 2013-16 models

Overall evaluation
G
Dynamic rating
G
Seat/head restraint geometry
G
Important: Ratings for head restraints & seats should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

Seat type

Manual cloth seats

How this test is conducted

Seat type Manual cloth seats
Geometry
Backset (mm) 22
Distance below top of head (mm) 10
Seat design parameters
Pass/fail Pass
Max T1 acceleration (g) 14.1
Head contact time (ms) 65
Force rating 1
Neck forces
Max neck shear force (N) 0
Max neck tension (N) 470

Applies to 2016 models

System details

  • Optional Pre-Collision System with Pedestrian Detection

Package name

  • Optional Toyota Safety Sense P

Overall evaluation

Crash avoidance rating
Superior
with optional
equipment
6 points total

Forward collision warning

This system meets the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration's criteria for forward collision warning.
1 point

Low-speed autobrake

In the 12 mph IIHS test, this vehicle avoided a collision.
2 points

High-speed autobrake

In the 25 mph IIHS test, this vehicle avoided a collision.
3 points

How this rating is determined

Ratings are given for 4 different headlight variations available for this vehicle.
Trim level(s)
  • XLE trim equipped with Convenience package
  • XLE Hybrid trim equipped with Convenience package
Low-beam headlight type Halogen projector
High-beam headlight type Halogen projector
Curve-adaptive? No
Automatically switches between low beams and high beams (high-beam assist)? Yes
Overall rating
M
Distance at which headlights provide at least 5 lux illumination:
car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler 0 ft 100 ft 200 ft 300 ft 400 ft 500 ft 600 ft Low beams Optimal low-beam illumination High beams Optimal high-beam illumination Rating includes credit for high-beam assist

Low beams

On the straightaway, visibility was good on the right side of the road and fair on the left side. On curves, visibility was fair on the sharp left and sharp right curves and inadequate on the gradual right and gradual left curves.

The low beams never created excessive glare.

High beams

On the straightaway, visibility was good on the right side of the road and inadequate on the left side. On curves, visibility was inadequate in all 4 tests.

High-beam assist compensates for some limitations of this vehicle's low beams on the straightaway and on the gradual left curve.

How this test is conducted

Trim level(s)
  • LE trim
  • XLE trim
  • XLE Hybrid trim
Low-beam headlight type Halogen projector
High-beam headlight type Halogen projector
Curve-adaptive? No
Automatically switches between low beams and high beams (high-beam assist)? No
Overall rating
M
Distance at which headlights provide at least 5 lux illumination:
car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler 0 ft 100 ft 200 ft 300 ft 400 ft 500 ft 600 ft Low beams Optimal low-beam illumination High beams Optimal high-beam illumination

Low beams

On the straightaway, visibility was good on the right side of the road and fair on the left side. On curves, visibility was fair on the sharp left and sharp right curves and inadequate on the gradual right and gradual left curves.

The low beams never created excessive glare.

High beams

On the straightaway, visibility was good on the right side of the road and inadequate on the left side. On curves, visibility was inadequate in all 4 tests.

How this test is conducted

Trim level(s)
  • SE trim equipped with Advanced Technology package
  • Limited trim
  • Limited Hybrid trim
Low-beam headlight type LED projector
High-beam headlight type LED projector
Curve-adaptive? No
Automatically switches between low beams and high beams (high-beam assist)? Yes
Overall rating
P
Distance at which headlights provide at least 5 lux illumination:
car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler 0 ft 100 ft 200 ft 300 ft 400 ft 500 ft 600 ft Low beams Optimal low-beam illumination High beams Optimal high-beam illumination Excessive glare Rating includes credit for high-beam assist

Low beams

On the straightaway, visibility was good on the right side of the road and inadequate on the left side. On curves, visibility was good on both right curves and inadequate on both left curves.

Glare from the low beams was excessive on the straightaway and on the sharp right curve.

High beams

On the straightaway, visibility was good on the right side of the road and inadequate on the left side. On curves, visibility was inadequate in all 4 tests.

High-beam assist compensates for some limitations of this vehicle's low beams on both left curves.

How this test is conducted

Trim level(s)
  • SE trim
Low-beam headlight type LED projector
High-beam headlight type LED projector
Curve-adaptive? No
Automatically switches between low beams and high beams (high-beam assist)? No
Overall rating
P
Distance at which headlights provide at least 5 lux illumination:
car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler 0 ft 100 ft 200 ft 300 ft 400 ft 500 ft 600 ft Low beams Optimal low-beam illumination High beams Optimal high-beam illumination Excessive glare

Low beams

On the straightaway, visibility was good on the right side of the road and inadequate on the left side. On curves, visibility was good on both right curves and inadequate on both left curves.

Glare from the low beams was excessive on the straightaway and on the sharp right curve.

High beams

On the straightaway, visibility was good on the right side of the road and inadequate on the left side. On curves, visibility was inadequate in all 4 tests.

How this test is conducted

Trim level(s)
  • XLE trim equipped with Convenience package
  • XLE Hybrid trim equipped with Convenience package
Low-beam headlight type Halogen projector
High-beam headlight type Halogen projector
Curve-adaptive? No
High-beam assist? Yes
Overall rating
Applies to 2016 models
M
LOW BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Acceptable glare?
Straightaway right edge 94.3 m Yes
Straightaway left edge 54.8 m Yes
250m radius right curve, right edge 52.1 m Yes
250m radius left curve, left edge 51.8 m Yes
150m radius right curve, right edge 46.5 m Yes
150m radius left curve, left edge 47.0 m Yes
HIGH BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Straightaway right edge 146.7 m
Straightaway left edge 99.4 m
250m radius right curve, right edge 51.4 m
250m radius left curve, left edge 52.8 m
150m radius right curve, right edge 44.7 m
150m radius left curve, left edge 46.3 m

Trim level(s)
  • LE trim
  • XLE trim
  • XLE Hybrid trim
Low-beam headlight type Halogen projector
High-beam headlight type Halogen projector
Curve-adaptive? No
High-beam assist? No
Overall rating
Applies to 2016 models
M
LOW BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Acceptable glare?
Straightaway right edge 94.3 m Yes
Straightaway left edge 54.8 m Yes
250m radius right curve, right edge 52.1 m Yes
250m radius left curve, left edge 51.8 m Yes
150m radius right curve, right edge 46.5 m Yes
150m radius left curve, left edge 47.0 m Yes
HIGH BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Straightaway right edge 146.7 m
Straightaway left edge 99.4 m
250m radius right curve, right edge 51.4 m
250m radius left curve, left edge 52.8 m
150m radius right curve, right edge 44.7 m
150m radius left curve, left edge 46.3 m

Trim level(s)
  • SE trim equipped with Advanced Technology package
  • Limited trim
  • Limited Hybrid trim
Low-beam headlight type LED projector
High-beam headlight type LED projector
Curve-adaptive? No
High-beam assist? Yes
Overall rating
Applies to 2016 models
P
LOW BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Acceptable glare?
Straightaway right edge 114.0 m No
Straightaway left edge 43.6 m No
250m radius right curve, right edge 73.0 m Yes
250m radius left curve, left edge 40.8 m Yes
150m radius right curve, right edge 60.2 m No
150m radius left curve, left edge 39.5 m Yes
HIGH BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Straightaway right edge 146.0 m
Straightaway left edge 115.6 m
250m radius right curve, right edge 64.8 m
250m radius left curve, left edge 62.1 m
150m radius right curve, right edge 53.0 m
150m radius left curve, left edge 52.3 m

Trim level(s)
  • SE trim
Low-beam headlight type LED projector
High-beam headlight type LED projector
Curve-adaptive? No
High-beam assist? No
Overall rating
Applies to 2016 models
P
LOW BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Acceptable glare?
Straightaway right edge 114.0 m No
Straightaway left edge 43.6 m No
250m radius right curve, right edge 73.0 m Yes
250m radius left curve, left edge 40.8 m Yes
150m radius right curve, right edge 60.2 m No
150m radius left curve, left edge 39.5 m Yes
HIGH BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Straightaway right edge 146.0 m
Straightaway left edge 115.6 m
250m radius right curve, right edge 64.8 m
250m radius left curve, left edge 62.1 m
150m radius right curve, right edge 53.0 m
150m radius left curve, left edge 52.3 m

Applies to 2015-16 models

How this rating is determined

Overall evaluation

M
Vehicle trim LE
Seat type cloth

This vehicle has 2 rear seating positions with complete child seat attachment (LATCH) hardware.

It has 1 additional seating position with a tether anchor only.

1 2 3


Good
Acceptable
Marginal
Poor
Seating positions that rely on borrowed lower anchors or have only a tether anchor available are not rated.
Tether anchor
Lower anchors
Lower anchor(s) can be borrowed from adjacent positions(s)
No hardware available

Details by seating position

1
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
no other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
too deep in seat
not too much force needed to attach
difficult to maneuver around anchors
2
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
no other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
none available
3
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
no other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
too deep in seat
not too much force needed to attach
difficult to maneuver around anchors

Seat position 21

3
Lower anchor A
Open access rated No
Depth (cm) 4-6
Force (lbs) 26
Clearance angle (degrees) 40
Lower anchor B
Open access rated No
Depth (cm) 4-6
Force (lbs) 26
Clearance angle (degrees) 41
Tether anchor
Location Middle seatback
Confusing hardware present Yes
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
Yes

Seat position 22

2
Lower anchor A
No lower latch for this seat position
Lower anchor B
No lower latch for this seat position
Tether anchor
Location Middle seatback
Confusing hardware present No
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
Yes

Seat position 23

1
Lower anchor A
Open access rated No
Depth (cm) 2-4
Force (lbs) 25
Clearance angle (degrees) 43
Lower anchor B
Open access rated No
Depth (cm) 4-6
Force (lbs) 34
Clearance angle (degrees) 42
Tether anchor
Location Middle seatback
Confusing hardware present Yes
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
Yes

Applies to 2016 models

How this rating is determined

Overall evaluation

M
Vehicle trim Limited
Seat type leather

This vehicle has 2 rear seating positions with complete child seat attachment (LATCH) hardware.

It has 1 additional seating position with a tether anchor only.

1 2 3


Good
Acceptable
Marginal
Poor
Seating positions that rely on borrowed lower anchors or have only a tether anchor available are not rated.
Tether anchor
Lower anchors
Lower anchor(s) can be borrowed from adjacent positions(s)
No hardware available

Details by seating position

1
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
no other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
too deep in seat
not too much force needed to attach
difficult to maneuver around anchors
2
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
no other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
none available
3
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
no other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
too deep in seat
not too much force needed to attach
difficult to maneuver around anchors

Seat position 21

3
Lower anchor A
Open access rated No
Depth (cm) 6-8
Force (lbs) 32
Clearance angle (degrees) 34
Lower anchor B
Open access rated No
Depth (cm) 4-6
Force (lbs) 14
Clearance angle (degrees) 30
Tether anchor
Location Middle seatback
Confusing hardware present Yes
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
Yes

Seat position 22

2
Lower anchor A
No lower latch for this seat position
Lower anchor B
No lower latch for this seat position
Tether anchor
Location Middle seatback
Confusing hardware present No
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
Yes

Seat position 23

1
Lower anchor A
Open access rated No
Depth (cm) 4-6
Force (lbs) 17
Clearance angle (degrees) 43
Lower anchor B
Open access rated No
Depth (cm) 4-6
Force (lbs) 23
Clearance angle (degrees) 30
Tether anchor
Location Middle seatback
Confusing hardware present Yes
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
Yes
1
Side airbags: front and rear head curtain airbags and front seat-mounted torso airbags
2
Rollover sensor: designed to deploy the side curtain airbags in the event of an impending rollover
3
Driver knee airbag: a separate airbag in the lower instrument panel designed to minimize knee injuries in frontal crashes
4
Seat cushion airbag: a separate airbag in the forward portion of the front passenger seat cushion to prevent occupants from sliding under the seat belts
5
Electronic stability control
6
Antilock brakes
7
Daytime running lights

©1996-2016, Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, Highway Loss Data Institute | www.iihs.org