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2008 Toyota Prius

Small car
  • Moderate overlap front
    G
  • Side
    G
  • Head restraints & seats
    M
1
Side airbags: front and rear head curtain airbags with front seat-mounted torso airbags (standard beginning with 2007 models, optional in 2004-06 models)
2
Electronic stability control (optional)
3
Antilock brakes
Model yearFront small overlapFront moderate overlapSideRoof strengthHead restraints & seats
2014
A
G
G
G
G
2013
G
G
G
G
2012
G
G
G
G
2011
G
G
G
G
2010
G
G
G
2009
G
G
M
2008
G
G
M
2007
G
G
M
2006
G
G
P
M
2005
G
G
P
M
2004
G
G
P
M

Applies to 2004-09 models

Overall evaluation
G
Structure and safety cage
G
Injury measures
Head/neck
G
Chest
G
Leg/foot, left
G
Leg/foot, right
G
Restraints and dummy kinematics
G
Important: Frontal crash test ratings should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

The Toyota Prius was redesigned for the 2004 model year.

Injury measures

Measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity. Head accelerations from the B-pillar and roof rail hits were low.

Restraints and dummy kinematics

Dummy movement was well controlled. During rebound, the dummy's head hit the B-pillar and roof rail.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle2006 Toyota Prius 4-door
Weight 2,972 lbs.
Side airbagsfront and rear head curtain airbags and front seat-mounted torso airbags
Wheelbase106 in.
Length175 in.
Width68 in.
Engine1.5 L 4-cylinder (gasoline) and electric motor
EPA ratings60 mpg city / 51 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occcupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test IDCEF0604
Footwell intrusion
Footrest (cm)6
Left (cm)11
Center (cm)14
Right (cm)13
Brake pedal (cm)4
Instrument panel rearward movement
Left (cm)3
Right (cm)3
Steering column movement
Upward (cm)5
Rearward (cm)0
A-pillar rearward movement (cm)1

Driver injury measures

Test IDCEF0604
Head
HIC-15337
Peak gs at hard contact46.000000
Neck
Tension (kN)1.7
Extension bending moment (Nm)30
Maximum Nij 0.35
Chest maximum compression (mm)32
Legs
Femur force - left (kN)2.1
Femur force - right (kN)0.6
Knee displacement - left (mm)0
Knee displacement - right (mm)0
Maximum tibia index - left0.45
Maximum tibia index - right0.44
Tibia axial force - left (kN)1.7
Tibia axial force - right (kN)2.2
Foot acceleration (g)
Left68
Right71

Applies to 2007-09 models

Overall evaluation
G
Structure and safety cage
A
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
G
Torso
G
Pelvis/leg
G
Head protection
G
Rear passenger injury measures
Head/neck
G
Torso
G
Pelvis/leg
G
Head protection
G
Side crash test ratings can be compared across vehicle categories.

The Toyota Prius was redesigned for the 2004 model year. Beginning with 2007 models, side airbags were made standard.

Two tests of a 2006 Prius were conducted, one with optional side airbags for the driver and rear passenger, and one without. These vehicles are rated separately, except that the structural ratings for both vehicles are based on both tests.

Injury measures

Driver — Measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.

Passenger — Measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.

Head protection

Driver — The dummy's head was protected from being hit by any hard structures, including the intruding barrier, by a side curtain airbag that deployed from the roof.

Passenger — The dummy's head was protected from being hit by any hard structures, including the intruding barrier, by a side curtain airbag that deployed from the roof.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle2006 Toyota Prius 4-door
Weight 2,959 lbs.
Side airbagsoptional front and rear head curtain airbags and optional front seat-mounted torso airbags
Wheelbase106 in.
Length175 in.
Width68 in.
Engine1.5 L 4-cylinder (gasoline) and electric motor
EPA ratings60 mpg city / 51 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test IDCES0609CES0608
B-pillar to longitudinal centerline of driver's seat (cm)
Negative numbers indicate the amount by which the crush stopped short of the seat centerline.
-7.0-6.5

Driver injury measures

Test IDCES0608
Head HIC-15274
Neck
Tension (kN)0.6
Compression (kN)0.1
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm)49
Lateral force (kN)2.1
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm)34
Average deflection (mm)28
Maximum deflection rate (m/s)2.37
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s)0.46
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN)1.6
Acetabulum force (kN)2.7
Combined force (kN)4.1
Left femur
L-M force (kN)1.0
L-M moment (Nm)130
A-P moment (Nm) 43

Passenger injury measures

Test IDCES0608
Head HIC-15189
Neck
Tension (kN)0.5
Compression (kN)0.1
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm)36
Lateral force (kN)1.6
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm)28
Average deflection (mm)25
Maximum deflection rate (m/s)3.27
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s)0.33
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN)1.8
Acetabulum force (kN)2.9
Combined force (kN)4.2
Left femur
L-M force (kN)1.1
L-M moment (Nm)129
A-P moment (Nm) -52

Applies to 2004-09 models

Overall evaluation
M
Dynamic rating
M
Seat/head restraint geometry
G
Important: Head restraints & seats ratings should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

Seat type

Manual cloth seats

How this test is conducted

Seat typeManual cloth seats
Geometry
Backset (mm)55
Distance below top of head (mm)60
Seat design parameters
Pass/failFail
Max T1 acceleration (g)13.4
Head contact time (ms)83
Force ratingModerate
Neck forces
Max neck shear force (N)44
Max neck tension (N)961

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