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2013 Toyota Prius v

Midsize moderately priced car

Crashworthiness
Front crash
prevention
Crash avoidance rating
Doesn’t Meet Minimum Criteria
Check
for recalls
  • Small overlap front
    P
  • Moderate overlap front
    G
  • Side
    G
  • Roof strength
    G
  • Head restraints & seats
    G
1
Side airbags: front and rear head curtain airbags and front seat-mounted torso airbags
2
Driver knee airbag: a separate airbag in the lower instrument panel designed to minimize knee injuries in frontal crashes
3
Electronic stability control
4
Antilock brakes
Model yearFront small overlapFront moderate overlapSideRoof strengthHead restraints & seats
2014
P
G
G
G
G
2013
P
G
G
G
G
2012
P
G
G
G
G

Applies to 2012-14 models

Overall evaluation
P
Structure and safety cage
P
Injury measures
Head/neck
G
Chest
G
Hip/thigh
P
Lower leg/foot
P
Restraints and dummy kinematics
P
Important: Frontal crash test ratings should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

The Toyota Prius v wagon was introduced in the 2012 model year. It is derived from the Toyota Prius but is longer and taller to provide more rear seat room and cargo-carrying capacity.

Structure

The driver's space was seriously compromised by intruding structure. Lower intrusion measured as much as 35 cm at the lower hinge pillar, and the upper hinge pillar and instrument panel intruded 17-22 cm. The parking brake pedal was pushed in toward the driver 20 cm, and the steering wheel was pushed in 7 cm.

Injury measures

Measures from the dummy indicate that injuries to the left hip and left lower leg would be likely in a crash of this severity. Head acceleration from the instrument panel hit was low.

Restraints and dummy kinematics

The dummy’s head barely contacted the frontal airbag before sliding off the left side as the steering column moved 13 cm to the right. Additionally, the seat belt allowed excessive forward excursion of the dummy’s head and torso, permitting the head to hit the instrument panel. The side curtain airbag deployed too late during the crash, dropping onto the back of the head and pushing it outboard of the inflating curtain, leaving the dummy's head vulnerable to contact with side structure and outside objects. The side torso airbag deployed.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle2012 Toyota Prius v Two wagon
Weight 3,301 lbs.
Side airbagsfront and rear head curtain airbags and front seat-mounted torso airbags
Wheelbase109 in.
Length182 in.
Width70 in.
Engine1.8 L 4-cylinder (gasoline) and electric motor
EPA ratings44 mpg city / 40 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test IDCEN1217
Lower hinge pillar max (cm)35
Footrest (cm)18
Lower occupant compartment
Left toepan (cm)9
Brake pedal (cm)7
Parking brake (cm)20
Rocker panel lateral average (cm)10
Steering column7
Upper hinge pillar max (cm)19
Upper occupant compartment
Upper dash (cm)22
Lower instrument panel (cm)17

Driver injury measures

Test IDCEN1217
Head
HIC-15138
Peak gs at hard contact42
Neck
Tension (kN)1.7
Extension bending moment (Nm)15
Maximum Nij 0.36
Chest maximum compression (mm)20
Femur (kN)
Left7.2
Right1.8
Knee displacement (mm)
Left9
Right2
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left45
Right0
Maximum tibia index
Left1.36
Right0.81
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left3.1
Right1.0
Foot acceleration (g)
Left91
Right64

Applies to 2012-14 models

Overall evaluation
G
Structure and safety cage
G
Injury measures
Head/neck
G
Chest
G
Leg/foot, left
G
Leg/foot, right
G
Restraints and dummy kinematics
G
Important: Frontal crash test ratings should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

The Toyota Prius v wagon was introduced in the 2012 model year. It is derived from the Toyota Prius but is longer and taller to provide more rear seat room and cargo-carrying capacity. Frontal ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test conducted by Toyota as part of frontal crash test verification.

Injury measures

Measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.

Restraints and dummy kinematics

Dummy movement was well controlled. The driver side curtain airbag deployed during the crash. After the dummy moved forward into the frontal airbag, its head contacted the side curtain airbag.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle2012 Toyota Prius v wagon
Weight 3,384 lbs.
Side airbagsfront and rear head curtain airbags and front seat-mounted torso airbags
Wheelbase109 in.
Length182 in.
Width70 in.
Engine1.8 L 4-cylinder (gasoline) and electric motor
EPA ratings44 mpg city / 40 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occcupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test IDVTF1107
Footwell intrusion
Footrest (cm)3
Left (cm)7
Center (cm)14
Right (cm)6
Brake pedal (cm)6
Instrument panel rearward movement
Left (cm)0
Right (cm)0
Steering column movement
Upward (cm)0
Rearward (cm)-3
A-pillar rearward movement (cm)2

Driver injury measures

Test IDVTF1107
Head
HIC-15210
Peak gs at hard contactno contact
Neck
Tension (kN)1.2
Extension bending moment (Nm)20
Maximum Nij 0.28
Chest maximum compression (mm)24
Legs
Femur force - left (kN)1.9
Femur force - right (kN)2.3
Knee displacement - left (mm)2
Knee displacement - right (mm)3
Maximum tibia index - left0.39
Maximum tibia index - right0.43
Tibia axial force - left (kN)2.5
Tibia axial force - right (kN)3.7
Foot acceleration (g)
Left66
Right65

Applies to 2013-14 models

Overall evaluation
G
Structure and safety cage
A
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
G
Torso
G
Pelvis/leg
G
Head protection
G
Rear passenger injury measures
Head/neck
G
Torso
G
Pelvis/leg
G
Head protection
M
Side crash test ratings can be compared across vehicle categories.

The Toyota Prius v wagon was introduced in the 2012 model year. It is derived from the Toyota Prius but is longer and taller to provide more rear seat room and cargo-carrying capacity. Beginning with 2013 models, design changes were made to the front and rear door trim panels to improve occupant protection in side impact crashes.

Two tests of the Prius v were conducted, one of a 2012 model by the Institute and the other representing a 2013 model by Toyota as part of side crash test verification. These vehicles are rated separately, except that the structure ratings for both vehicles are based on both tests. (The car tested by Toyota was designated as a 2012 model but included the front and rear door trim changes of the 2013 models.)

Injury measures

Driver — Measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.

Passenger — Measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.

Head protection

Driver — The dummy’s head was protected from being hit by any hard structures, including the intruding barrier, by a side curtain airbag that deployed from the roof.

Passenger — The dummy's head pushed past the side curtain airbag and was hit by the window frame of the passenger door. This impact did not produce high head injury measures, but the head protection is inadequate.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle2012 Toyota Prius v Three wagon
Weight 3,289 lbs.
Side airbagsstandard front and rear head curtain airbags and standard front seat-mounted torso airbags
Wheelbase109 in.
Length182 in.
Width70 in.
Engine1.8 L 4-cylinder (gasoline) and electric motor
EPA ratings44 mpg city / 40 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test IDCES1117VTS1221
B-pillar to longitudinal centerline of driver's seat (cm)
Negative numbers indicate the amount by which the crush stopped short of the seat centerline.
-10.5-11.0

Driver injury measures

Test IDVTS1221
Head HIC-15457
Neck
Tension (kN)0.8
Compression (kN)0.6
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm)51
Lateral force (kN)1.6
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm)36
Average deflection (mm)26
Maximum deflection rate (m/s)4.40
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s)0.67
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN)2.3
Acetabulum force (kN)2.1
Combined force (kN)4.3
Left femur
L-M force (kN)0.6
L-M moment (Nm)57
A-P moment (Nm) -39

Passenger injury measures

Test IDVTS1221
Head HIC-1586
Neck
Tension (kN)0.1
Compression (kN)0.4
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm)38
Lateral force (kN)1.4
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm)25
Average deflection (mm)19
Maximum deflection rate (m/s)5.39
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s)0.30
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN)0.1
Acetabulum force (kN)2.1
Combined force (kN)1.8
Left femur
L-M force (kN)1.7
L-M moment (Nm)70
A-P moment (Nm) 125

Applies to 2012-14 models

Overall evaluation
G
Curb weight3,274 lbs
Peak force14,180 lbs
Strength-to-weight ratio4.33
Tested vehicle
2012 Toyota Prius v Two wagon
Roof strength test ratings can be compared across vehicle categories.

In the test, the strength of the roof is determined by pushing a metal plate against one side of it at a slow but constant speed. The force applied relative to the vehicle's weight is known as the strength-to-weight ratio. This graph shows how the ratio varied as the test of this vehicle progressed. The peak strength-to-weight ratio recorded at any time before the roof is crushed 5 inches is the key measurement of roof strength.

A good rating requires a strength-to-weight ratio of at least 4. In other words, the roof must withstand a force of at least 4 times the vehicle's weight before the plate crushes the roof by 5 inches. For an acceptable rating, the minimum required strength-to-weight ratio is 3.25. For a marginal rating, it is 2.5. Anything lower than that is poor.

How this test is conducted

Applies to 2012-14 models

Overall evaluation
G
Dynamic rating
G
Seat/head restraint geometry
G
Important: Ratings for head restraints & seats should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

Seat type

Manual cloth seats

How this test is conducted

Seat typeManual cloth seats
Geometry
Backset (mm)27
Distance below top of head (mm)32
Seat design parameters
Pass/failPass
Max T1 acceleration (g)12.3
Head contact time (ms)60
Force ratingLow
Neck forces
Max neck shear force (N)0
Max neck tension (N)407

Applies to 2013-14 models

System details

  • Optional Pre-Collision System

Package name

  • Optional Advanced Technology Package with Options

Overall evaluation

Crash avoidance rating
Doesn’t Meet Minimum Criteria
0 points total

Forward collision warning

This system does not meet the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration's criteria for forward collision warning.
0 points

Low-speed autobrake

In the 12 mph IIHS test, impact speed was reduced by 1 mph.
0 points

High-speed autobrake

In the 25 mph IIHS test, impact speed was reduced by 2 mph.
0 points

Tested vehicle

2013 Toyota Prius v wagon

How this rating is determined

©1996-2014, Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, Highway Loss Data Institute | www.iihs.org