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2009 Toyota Prius

Small car
2008 Toyota Prius shown
2008 Toyota Prius shown
Crashworthiness
  • Moderate overlap front
    G
  • Side
    G
  • Head restraints & seats
    M

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The photos and videos shown here may be of a different model, model year or body type from the one selected. The ratings of one vehicle often apply to other models if they are built on the same platform. In addition, a test of a vehicle from one model year may apply to earlier or later model years if the vehicle hasn't been significantly redesigned.

Model year Small overlap front Moderate overlap front Side Roof strength Head restraints & seats Front crash prevention Headlights LATCH ease of use
Driver Passenger
2017
G
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
Superior
A
G
+
2016
G
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
Superior
P
G
+
2015
A
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
Advanced
M
2014
A
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
Advanced
2013
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
Advanced
2012
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
2011
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
2010
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
2009
G
G
M
Crash avoidance rating
2008
G
G
M
Crash avoidance rating
2007
G
G
M
Crash avoidance rating
2006
G
G
P
M
Crash avoidance rating
2005
G
G
P
M
Crash avoidance rating
2004
G
G
P
M
Crash avoidance rating

Applies to 2004-09 models

Overall evaluation
G
Structure and safety cage
G
Injury measures
Head/neck
G
Chest
G
Leg/foot, left
G
Leg/foot, right
G
Restraints and dummy kinematics
G
Important: Frontal crash test ratings should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

The Toyota Prius was redesigned for the 2004 model year.

Injury measures

Measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity. Head accelerations from the B-pillar and roof rail hits were low.

Restraints and dummy kinematics

Dummy movement was well controlled. During rebound, the dummy's head hit the B-pillar and roof rail.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle 2006 Toyota Prius 4-door
Weight 2,971 lbs.
Side airbags front and rear head curtain airbags and front seat-mounted torso airbags
Wheelbase 106 in.
Length 175 in.
Width 68 in.
Engine 1.5 L 4-cylinder (gasoline) and electric motor
EPA ratings 60 mpg city / 51 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occcupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CEF0604
Footwell intrusion
Footrest (cm) 6
Left (cm) 11
Center (cm) 14
Right (cm) 13
Brake pedal (cm) 4
Instrument panel rearward movement
Left (cm) 3
Right (cm) 3
Steering column movement
Upward (cm) 5
Rearward (cm) 0
A-pillar rearward movement (cm) 1

Driver injury measures

Test ID CEF0604
Head
HIC-15 337
Peak gs at hard contact 46
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.7
Extension bending moment (Nm) 30
Maximum Nij 0.35
Chest maximum compression (mm) 32
Legs
Femur force - left (kN) 2.1
Femur force - right (kN) 0.6
Knee displacement - left (mm) 0
Knee displacement - right (mm) 0
Maximum tibia index - left 0.45
Maximum tibia index - right 0.44
Tibia axial force - left (kN) 1.7
Tibia axial force - right (kN) 2.2
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 68
Right 71

Applies to 2007-09 models

Overall evaluation
G
Structure and safety cage
A
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
G
Torso
G
Pelvis/leg
G
Head protection
G
Rear passenger injury measures
Head/neck
G
Torso
G
Pelvis/leg
G
Head protection
G
Side crash test ratings can be compared across vehicle categories.

The Toyota Prius was redesigned for the 2004 model year. Beginning with 2007 models, side airbags were made standard.

Two tests of a 2006 Prius were conducted, one with optional side airbags for the driver and rear passenger, and one without. These vehicles are rated separately, except that the structural ratings for both vehicles are based on both tests.

Injury measures

Driver — Measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.

Passenger — Measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.

Head protection

Driver — The dummy's head was protected from being hit by any hard structures, including the intruding barrier, by a side curtain airbag that deployed from the roof.

Passenger — The dummy's head was protected from being hit by any hard structures, including the intruding barrier, by a side curtain airbag that deployed from the roof.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle 2006 Toyota Prius 4-door
Weight 2,959 lbs.
Side airbags optional front and rear head curtain airbags and optional front seat-mounted torso airbagse
Wheelbase 106 in.
Length 175 in.
Width 68 in.
Engine 1.5 L 4-cylinder (gasoline) and electric motor
EPA ratings 60 mpg city / 51 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CES0609 CES0608
B-pillar to longitudinal centerline of driver's seat (cm)
Negative numbers indicate the amount by which the crush stopped short of the seat centerline.
-7.0 -6.5

Driver injury measures

Test ID CES0608
Head HIC-15 274
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.6
Compression (kN) 0.1
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 49
Lateral force (kN) 2.1
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 34
Average deflection (mm) 28
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 2.37
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.46
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 1.6
Acetabulum force (kN) 2.7
Combined force (kN) 4.1
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 1.0
L-M moment (Nm) 130
A-P moment (Nm) 43

Passenger injury measures

Test ID CES0608
Head HIC-15 189
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.5
Compression (kN) 0.1
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 36
Lateral force (kN) 1.6
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 28
Average deflection (mm) 25
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 3.27
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.33
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 1.8
Acetabulum force (kN) 2.9
Combined force (kN) 4.2
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 1.1
L-M moment (Nm) 129
A-P moment (Nm) -52

Applies to 2004-09 models

Overall evaluation
M
Dynamic rating
M
Seat/head restraint geometry
G
Important: Ratings for head restraints & seats should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

Seat type

Manual cloth seats

How this test is conducted

Seat type Manual cloth seats
Geometry
Backset (mm) 55
Distance below top of head (mm) 60
Seat design parameters
Pass/fail Fail
Max T1 acceleration (g) 13.4
Head contact time (ms) 83
Force rating 2
Neck forces
Max neck shear force (N) 44
Max neck tension (N) 961
1
Side airbags: front and rear head curtain airbags with front seat-mounted torso airbags (standard beginning with 2007 models, optional in 2004-06 models)
2
Electronic stability control (optional)
3
Antilock brakes

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