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1995 Toyota Previa

Minivan
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  • Moderate overlap front
    P
1
Antilock brakes (optional)
Model yearFront small overlapFront moderate overlapSideRoof strengthHead restraints & seats
1997
P
1996
P
1995
P
1994
P

Applies to 1994-97 models

Overall evaluation
P
Structure and safety cage
M
Injury measures
Head/neck
M
Chest
G
Leg/foot, left
M
Leg/foot, right
P
Restraints and dummy kinematics
P
Important: Frontal crash test ratings should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

The Toyota Previa was introduced in the 1991 model year. Frontal airbags for both the driver and passenger became standard beginning with the 1994 model year.

Injury measures

Measures taken from the chest indicate low risk of injuries to this body region in a crash of this severity. A high head acceleration occurred when the dummy's head hit the steering wheel through the airbag, indicating that injuries to the head would be possible. Forces on the neck indicate that injuries to the neck would be possible. Forces on the left and right tibias indicate that injuries to the lower legs would be likely.

Restraints and dummy kinematics

Dummy movement wasn't well controlled. Special stitching on the lap belt tore, lengthening the belt. This allowed the dummy to finish partially reclining with the belt up over its abdomen. The stitching is designed to tear and control occupant movement in some crashes but contributed to poor dummy kinematics in this case.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle1996 Toyota Previa DX
Weight 3,810 lbs.
Side airbagsnone
Wheelbase113 in.
Length187 in.
Width71 in.
Engine2.4 L supercharged 4-cylinder
EPA ratings18 mpg city / 22 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occcupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test IDCF96022
Footwell intrusion
Footrest (cm)22
Left (cm)25
Center (cm)26
Right (cm)29
Brake pedal (cm)27
Instrument panel rearward movement
Left (cm)8
Right (cm)12
Steering column movement
Upward (cm)17
Rearward (cm)-8
A-pillar rearward movement (cm)3

Driver injury measures

Test IDCF96022
Head
HIC-15552
Peak gs at hard contact91
Neck
Tension (kN)3.9
Extension bending moment (Nm)41
Maximum Nij 0.65
Chest maximum compression (mm)43
Legs
Femur force - left (kN)3.3
Femur force - right (kN)1.6
Knee displacement - left (mm)2
Knee displacement - right (mm)0
Maximum tibia index - left1.01
Maximum tibia index - right1.22
Tibia axial force - left (kN)1.2
Tibia axial force - right (kN)1.7
Foot acceleration (g)
Left99
Right80

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