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1994 Toyota Previa

  • Moderate overlap front

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Model year Front overlap Side Roof strength Head restraints & seats Front crash prevention
Small Moderate
Crash avoidance rating
Crash avoidance rating
Crash avoidance rating
Crash avoidance rating

Applies to 1994-97 models

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Injury measures
Leg/foot, left
Leg/foot, right
Restraints and dummy kinematics
Important: Frontal crash test ratings should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

The Toyota Previa was introduced in the 1991 model year. Frontal airbags for both the driver and passenger became standard beginning with the 1994 model year.

Injury measures

Measures taken from the chest indicate low risk of injuries to this body region in a crash of this severity. A high head acceleration occurred when the dummy's head hit the steering wheel through the airbag, indicating that injuries to the head would be possible. Forces on the neck indicate that injuries to the neck would be possible. Forces on the left and right tibias indicate that injuries to the lower legs would be likely.

Restraints and dummy kinematics

Dummy movement wasn't well controlled. Special stitching on the lap belt tore, lengthening the belt. This allowed the dummy to finish partially reclining with the belt up over its abdomen. The stitching is designed to tear and control occupant movement in some crashes but contributed to poor dummy kinematics in this case.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle 1996 Toyota Previa DX S/C passenger van
Weight 3,810 lbs.
Side airbags none
Wheelbase 113 in.
Length 187 in.
Width 71 in.
Engine 2.4 L supercharged 4-cylinder
EPA ratings 18 mpg city / 22 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occcupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CF96022
Footwell intrusion
Footrest (cm) 22
Left (cm) 25
Center (cm) 26
Right (cm) 29
Brake pedal (cm) 27
Instrument panel rearward movement
Left (cm) 8
Right (cm) 12
Steering column movement
Upward (cm) 17
Rearward (cm) 8
A-pillar rearward movement (cm) 3

Driver injury measures

Test ID CF96022
HIC-15 552
Peak gs at hard contact 91
Tension (kN) 3.9
Extension bending moment (Nm) 41
Maximum Nij 0.65
Chest maximum compression (mm) 43
Femur force - left (kN) 3.3
Femur force - right (kN) 1.6
Knee displacement - left (mm) 2
Knee displacement - right (mm) 0
Maximum tibia index - left 1.01
Maximum tibia index - right 1.22
Tibia axial force - left (kN) 1.2
Tibia axial force - right (kN) 1.7
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 99
Right 80
Antilock brakes (optional)

©1996-2016, Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, Highway Loss Data Institute | www.iihs.org