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2014 Toyota Highlander

Midsize SUV

Crashworthiness
Front crash
prevention
Crash avoidance rating
Advanced
with optional
equipment
  • Small overlap front
    A
  • Moderate overlap front
    G
  • Side
    G
  • Roof strength
    G
  • Head restraints & seats
    G
1
Side airbags: head curtain airbags for all three rows of seats and front seat-mounted torso airbags
2
Rollover sensor: designed to deploy the side curtain airbags in the event of an impending rollover
3
Driver knee airbag: a separate airbag in the lower instrument panel designed to minimize knee injuries in frontal crashes
4
Seat cushion airbag: a separate airbag in the forward portion of the front passenger seat cushion to prevent occupants from sliding under the seat belts
5
Electronic stability control
6
Antilock brakes
7
Daytime running lights
Model yearFront small overlapFront moderate overlapSideRoof strengthHead restraints & seats
2014
A
G
G
G
G
2013
G
G
G
G
2012
G
G
G
G
2011
G
G
G
G
2010
G
G
G
G
2009
G
G
G
G
2008
G
G
G
G
2007
G
M
2006
G
M
2005
G
M
2004
G
M
2003
G
2002
G
2001
G

Applies to 2014 models

Overall evaluation
A
Structure and safety cage
A
Injury measures
Head/neck
G
Chest
G
Hip/thigh
G
Lower leg/foot
G
Restraints and dummy kinematics
A
Important: Frontal crash test ratings should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

The Toyota Highlander was redesigned for the 2014 model year.

Structure

The driver space was maintained reasonably well, with maximum intrusion of the lower interior at the parking brake pedal, which was pushed in 23 cm toward the driver. The door sill intruded laterally 13 cm. Upper interior intrusion measured 11-12 cm at the instrument panel.

Injury measures

Measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.

Restraints and dummy kinematics

The dummy’s head barely contacted the frontal airbag before sliding off the left side, leaving the head vulnerable to contact with forward structure. The side curtain airbag deployed and had sufficient forward coverage to protect the head from contact with side structure and outside objects. The side torso airbag also deployed.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle2014 Toyota Highlander LE Plus 4wd
Weight 4,410 lbs.
Side airbagshead curtain airbags for all three rows of seats and front seat-mounted torso airbags
Wheelbase110 in.
Length191 in.
Width76 in.
Engine3.5 L V6
EPA ratings18 mpg city / 24 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test IDCEN1348
Lower hinge pillar max (cm)19
Footrest (cm)13
Lower occupant compartment
Left toepan (cm)4
Brake pedal (cm)3
Parking brake (cm)23
Rocker panel lateral average (cm)13
Steering column2
Upper hinge pillar max (cm)8
Upper occupant compartment
Upper dash (cm)12
Lower instrument panel (cm)11

Driver injury measures

Test IDCEN1348
Head
HIC-1599
Peak gs at hard contact
Neck
Tension (kN)1.3
Extension bending moment (Nm)11
Maximum Nij 0.24
Chest maximum compression (mm)26
Femur (kN)
Left2.6
Right0.9
Knee displacement (mm)
Left4
Right2
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left0
Right0
Maximum tibia index
Left0.69
Right0.40
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left2.2
Right1.1
Foot acceleration (g)
Left55
Right37

Applies to 2014 models

Overall evaluation
G
Structure and safety cage
G
Injury measures
Head/neck
G
Chest
G
Leg/foot, left
G
Leg/foot, right
G
Restraints and dummy kinematics
G
Important: Frontal crash test ratings should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

The Toyota Highlander was redesigned for the 2014 model year. Frontal ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test conducted by Toyota as part of frontal crash test verification.

Injury measures

Measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.

Restraints and dummy kinematics

Dummy movement was well controlled. The side curtain and side torso airbags on both sides of the vehicle deployed during the crash. After the dummy moved forward into the frontal airbag, it rebounded into the seat without its head coming close to any stiff structure that could cause injury.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle2014 Toyota Highlander LE Plus 4wd
Weight 4,398 lbs.
Side airbagshead curtain airbags for all three rows of seats and front seat-mounted torso airbags
Wheelbase110 in.
Length191 in.
Width76 in.
Engine3.5 L V6
EPA ratings18 mpg city / 24 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occcupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test IDVTF1318
Footwell intrusion
Footrest (cm)6
Left (cm)8
Center (cm)7
Right (cm)7
Brake pedal (cm)1
Instrument panel rearward movement
Left (cm)1
Right (cm)1
Steering column movement
Upward (cm)6
Rearward (cm)0
A-pillar rearward movement (cm)0

Driver injury measures

Test IDVTF1318
Head
HIC-15213
Peak gs at hard contactno contact
Neck
Tension (kN)1.6
Extension bending moment (Nm)17
Maximum Nij 0.31
Chest maximum compression (mm)29
Legs
Femur force - left (kN)1.6
Femur force - right (kN)1.8
Knee displacement - left (mm)2
Knee displacement - right (mm)4
Maximum tibia index - left0.46
Maximum tibia index - right0.48
Tibia axial force - left (kN)2.3
Tibia axial force - right (kN)3.2
Foot acceleration (g)
Left63
Right99

Applies to 2014 models

Overall evaluation
G
Structure and safety cage
G
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
G
Torso
G
Pelvis/leg
G
Head protection
G
Rear passenger injury measures
Head/neck
G
Torso
G
Pelvis/leg
G
Head protection
G
Side crash test ratings can be compared across vehicle categories.

The Toyota Highlander was redesigned for the 2014 model year. Side ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test conducted by Toyota as part of side crash test verification.

Injury measures

Driver — Measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.

Passenger — Measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.

Head protection

Driver — The dummy’s head was protected from being hit by any hard structures, including the intruding barrier, by a side curtain airbag that deployed from the roof.

Passenger — The dummy’s head was protected from being hit by any hard structures, including the intruding barrier, by a side curtain airbag that deployed from the roof.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle2014 Toyota Highlander XLE 4wd
Weight 4,464 lbs.
Side airbagsstandard head curtain airbags for all three rows of seats and standard front seat-mounted torso airbags
Wheelbase110 in.
Length191 in.
Width76 in.
Engine3.5 L V6
EPA ratings18 mpg city / 24 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test IDVTS1311
B-pillar to longitudinal centerline of driver's seat (cm)
Negative numbers indicate the amount by which the crush stopped short of the seat centerline.
-18.5

Driver injury measures

Test IDVTS1311
Head HIC-15167
Neck
Tension (kN)0.6
Compression (kN)0.1
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm)44
Lateral force (kN)1.2
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm)28
Average deflection (mm)25
Maximum deflection rate (m/s)3.56
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s)0.31
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN)1.4
Acetabulum force (kN)1.5
Combined force (kN)2.9
Left femur
L-M force (kN)0.2
L-M moment (Nm)49
A-P moment (Nm) 42

Passenger injury measures

Test IDVTS1311
Head HIC-1563
Neck
Tension (kN)0.1
Compression (kN)0.4
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm)30
Lateral force (kN)1.1
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm)24
Average deflection (mm)20
Maximum deflection rate (m/s)2.76
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s)0.27
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN)0.3
Acetabulum force (kN)1.4
Combined force (kN)1.5
Left femur
L-M force (kN)0.5
L-M moment (Nm)68
A-P moment (Nm) -40

Applies to 2014 models

Overall evaluation
G
Curb weight4,414 lbs
Peak force23,836 lbs
Strength-to-weight ratio5.40
Tested vehicle
2014 Toyota Highlander LE Plus 4-door 4wd
Roof strength test ratings can be compared across vehicle categories.

In the test, the strength of the roof is determined by pushing a metal plate against one side of it at a slow but constant speed. The force applied relative to the vehicle's weight is known as the strength-to-weight ratio. This graph shows how the ratio varied as the test of this vehicle progressed. The peak strength-to-weight ratio recorded at any time before the roof is crushed 5 inches is the key measurement of roof strength.

A good rating requires a strength-to-weight ratio of at least 4. In other words, the roof must withstand a force of at least 4 times the vehicle's weight before the plate crushes the roof by 5 inches. For an acceptable rating, the minimum required strength-to-weight ratio is 3.25. For a marginal rating, it is 2.5. Anything lower than that is poor.

How this test is conducted

Applies to 2014 models

Overall evaluation
G
Dynamic rating
G
Seat/head restraint geometry
G
Important: Ratings for head restraints & seats should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

Seat type

Power cloth seat

How this test is conducted

Seat typePower cloth seat
Geometry
Backset (mm)16
Distance below top of head (mm)2
Seat design parameters
Pass/failPass
Max T1 acceleration (g)12.9
Head contact time (ms)56
Force ratingLow
Neck forces
Max neck shear force (N)0
Max neck tension (N)335

Applies to 2014-15 models

System details

  • Optional Pre-Collision System

Package name

  • Optional Advanced Technology Package

Overall evaluation

Crash avoidance rating
Advanced
with optional
equipment
3 points total

Forward collision warning

This system meets the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration's criteria for forward collision warning.
1 point

Low-speed autobrake

In the 12 mph IIHS test, impact speed was reduced by 7 mph.
1 point

High-speed autobrake

In the 25 mph IIHS test, impact speed was reduced by 6 mph.
1 point

Tested vehicle

2014 Toyota Highlander Limited Platinum 4-door 4wd

How this rating is determined

©1996-2014, Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, Highway Loss Data Institute | www.iihs.org