Applies to 2016 models
|Structure and safety cage|
|Restraints and dummy kinematics|
Important: Frontal crash test ratings should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.
The Toyota Highlander was redesigned for the 2014 model year. Beginning with 2016 models, the A-pillar, door sill, and door internal structure were reinforced to improve occupant protection in small overlap frontal crashes.
The driver space was maintained reasonably well, with maximum intrusion of 24 cm at the lower hinge pillar and 23 cm at the parking brake pedal but no more than 14 cm at other lower interior locations. Upper interior intrusion measured 10-12 cm at the instrument panel.
Measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.
Restraints and dummy kinematics
The dummy’s movement was well controlled. The dummy’s head loaded the frontal airbag, which stayed in front of the dummy until rebound. The side curtain airbag deployed and has sufficient forward coverage to protect the head from contact with side structure and outside objects. The side torso airbag also deployed.
Tested vehicle specifications
|Tested vehicle||2016 Toyota Highlander LE 4-door 4wd|
|Weight|| 4,399 lbs.|
|Side airbags||head curtain airbags for all three rows of seats and front seat-mounted torso airbags |
|Engine||3.5 L V6|
|EPA ratings||18 mpg city / 24 mpg highway|
How this test is conducted
Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side
|Lower occupant compartment|
|Lower hinge pillar max (cm)||24|
|Left toepan (cm)||5|
|Brake pedal (cm)||3|
|Parking brake (cm)||23|
|Rocker panel lateral average (cm)||6|
|Upper occupant compartment|
|Upper hinge pillar max (cm)||8|
|Upper dash (cm)||13|
|Lower instrument panel (cm)||11|
Driver injury measures
|Peak gs at hard contact||no contact |
|Tension (kN)||1.1 |
|Extension bending moment (Nm)||8 |
|Maximum Nij ||0.18 |
|Chest maximum compression (mm)||24 |
|Knee displacement (mm)|
|Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)|
|Maximum tibia index|
|Tibia axial force (kN)|
|Foot acceleration (g)|