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1998 Toyota Avalon

Midsize moderately priced car
  • Moderate overlap front
    A
1
Side airbags: front seat-mounted torso airbags
2
Antilock brakes
3
Daytime running lights (beginning with 1999 models)
Model yearFront small overlapFront moderate overlapSideRoof strengthHead restraints & seats
2014
G
G
G
G
2013
G
G
G
G
2012
G
G
G
G
2011
G
G
G
G
2010
G
G
G
2009
G
G
G
2008
G
G
P
2007
G
G
P
2006
G
G
P
2005
G
G
P
2004
G
P
2003
G
P
2002
G
P
2001
G
P
2000
G
1999
A
1998
A
1997
M
1996
M
1995
M

Applies to 1998-99 models

Overall evaluation
A
Structure and safety cage
A
Injury measures
Head/neck
G
Chest
G
Leg/foot, left
P
Leg/foot, right
G
Restraints and dummy kinematics
A
Important: Frontal crash test ratings should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

The Toyota Avalon was introduced in the 1995 model year and was structurally modified beginning with 1998 models to improve performance in frontal offset crashes.

Injury measures

Measures taken from the head, neck, chest, and right leg indicate low risk of injuries to these body regions in a crash of this severity. Forces on the left tibia indicate that injuries to the lower leg would be likely.

Restraints and dummy kinematics

Dummy movement was reasonably well controlled. There was too much upward movement of the steering wheel.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle1998 Toyota Avalon XLS 4-door
Weight 3,404 lbs.
Side airbagsfront seat-mounted torso airbags
Wheelbase107 in.
Length192 in.
Width70 in.
Engine3.0 L V6
EPA ratings21 mpg city / 30 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occcupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test IDCF97023
Footwell intrusion
Footrest (cm)12
Left (cm)27
Center (cm)25
Right (cm)17
Brake pedal (cm)20
Instrument panel rearward movement
Left (cm)4
Right (cm)6
Steering column movement
Upward (cm)13
Rearward (cm)-4
A-pillar rearward movement (cm)2

Driver injury measures

Test IDCF97023
Head
HIC-15204
Peak gs at hard contactno contact
Neck
Tension (kN)1.2
Extension bending moment (Nm)16
Maximum Nij 0.25
Chest maximum compression (mm)35
Legs
Femur force - left (kN)1.6
Femur force - right (kN)0.8
Knee displacement - left (mm)1
Knee displacement - right (mm)1
Maximum tibia index - left1.21
Maximum tibia index - right0.46
Tibia axial force - left (kN)1.2
Tibia axial force - right (kN)1.7
Foot acceleration (g)
Left75
Right108

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