Home » Ratings

2019 Toyota Avalon

Large car
Crashworthiness
  • Small overlap front
  • Driver-side
    G
  • Passenger-side
    A
  • Moderate overlap front
    G
  • Side
    G
  • Roof strength
    G
  • Head restraints & seats
    G

Crash avoidance & Mitigation
Front crash prevention
Crash avoidance rating
Superior

Headlights
G
only certain
trims/options

Child Seat Anchors (LATCH)
ease of use
G
+
extra LATCH
positions

Check for NHTSA recalls
Model year Small overlap front Moderate overlap front Side Roof strength Head restraints & seats Front crash prevention Headlights LATCH ease of use
Driver Passenger
2019
G
A
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
Superior
G
G
+
2018
G
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
Superior
A
A
2017
G
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
Superior
A
A
2016
G
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
Superior
P
A
2015
G
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
Basic
M
2014
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
Basic
2013
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
Basic
2012
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
2011
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
2010
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
2009
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
2008
G
G
P
Crash avoidance rating
2007
G
G
P
Crash avoidance rating
2006
G
G
P
Crash avoidance rating
2005
G
G
P
Crash avoidance rating
2004
G
P
Crash avoidance rating
2003
G
P
Crash avoidance rating
2002
G
P
Crash avoidance rating
2001
G
P
Crash avoidance rating
2000
G
Crash avoidance rating
1999
A
Crash avoidance rating
1998
A
Crash avoidance rating
1997
M
Crash avoidance rating
1996
M
Crash avoidance rating
1995
M
Crash avoidance rating

Applies to 2019 models

Overall evaluation
G
Structure and safety cage
G
Injury measures
Head/neck
G
Chest
G
Hip/thigh
G
Lower leg/foot
G
Restraints and dummy kinematics
G
Important: Frontal crash test ratings should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

The Toyota Avalon was redesigned for the 2019 model year. Driver-side small overlap frontal ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test conducted by Toyota as part of frontal crash test verification.

Structure

The driver space was maintained well, with maximum intrusion of the lower interior of 5 cm at the left portion of the toepan and maximum intrusion of the upper interior of 2-3 cm at the instrument panel.

Injury measures

Measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.

Restraints and dummy kinematics

The dummy’s movement was well controlled. The dummy’s head loaded the frontal airbag, which stayed in front of the dummy until rebound. The side curtain airbag deployed and has sufficient forward coverage to protect the head from contact with side structure and outside objects.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle 2019 Toyota Avalon Limited 4-door
Weight 3,736 lbs.
Side airbags front and rear head curtain airbags and front and rear seat-mounted torso airbags
Wheelbase 113 in.
Length 196 in.
Width 73 in.
Engine 3.5 L V6
EPA ratings 22 mpg city / 31 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID VTN1805
Lower occupant compartment
Lower hinge pillar max (cm) 2
Footrest (cm) 3
Left toepan (cm) 5
Brake pedal (cm) 2
Parking brake (cm)
Rocker panel lateral average (cm) 0
Upper occupant compartment
Steering column 1
Upper hinge pillar max (cm) 1
Upper dash (cm) 2
Lower instrument panel (cm) 3

Driver injury measures

Test ID VTN1805
Head
HIC-15 153
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.3
Extension bending moment (Nm) 7
Maximum Nij 0.21
Chest maximum compression (mm) 26
Femur (kN)
Left 0.7
Right 0.5
Knee displacement (mm)
Left 1
Right 0
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left 0
Right 0
Maximum tibia index
Left 0.32
Right 0.59
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left 2.1
Right 1.8
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 72
Right 57

Applies to 2019 models

Overall evaluation
A
Structure and safety cage
G
Passenger injury measures
Head/neck
G
Chest
G
Hip/thigh
G
Lower leg/foot
G
Passenger restraints and dummy kinematics
M
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
G
Chest
G
Hip/thigh
G
Lower leg/foot
G
Driver restraints and dummy kinematics
G
Important: Frontal crash test ratings should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

The Toyota Avalon was redesigned for the 2019 model year. Passenger-side small overlap frontal ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test conducted by Toyota as part of frontal crash test verification.

Structure

The passenger space was maintained well, with maximum intrusion of the lower interior of 7 cm at the right portion of the toepan. Maximum upper interior intrusion measured 3 cm at the upper hinge pillar.

Passenger injury measures

Measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity. Head acceleration from the dashboard hit was low.

Passenger restraints and dummy kinematics

The dummy’s head barely contacted the frontal airbag before sliding off the right side, allowing the head to move far enough forward to hit the dashboard. The side curtain airbag deployed and has sufficient forward coverage to protect the head from contact with side structure and outside objects.

Driver injury measures

Measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.

Driver restraints and dummy kinematics

The dummy’s movement was well controlled. The dummy’s head loaded the frontal airbag, which stayed in front of the dummy until rebound.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle 2019 Toyota Avalon XLE 4-door
Weight 3,591 lbs.
Side airbags front and rear head curtain airbags and front and rear seat-mounted torso airbags
Wheelbase 113 in.
Length 196 in.
Width 73 in.
Engine 3.5 L V6
EPA ratings 22 mpg city / 32 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on passenger side

Test ID VTP1818
Lower occupant compartment
Lower hinge pillar max (cm) 3
Footrest (cm) 5
Right toepan (cm) 7
Center toepan (cm) 5
Rocker panel lateral average (cm) 0
Upper occupant compartment
Center dash (cm) 1
Upper hinge pillar max (cm) 3
Upper dash (cm) 2
Right lower dash (cm) 2

Passenger injury measures

Test ID VTP1818
Head
HIC-15 266
Peak gs at hard contact 55
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.5
Extension bending moment (Nm) 9
Maximum Nij 0.25
Chest maximum compression (mm) 20
Femur (kN)
Left 1.6
Right 0.9
Knee displacement (mm)
Left 2
Right 2
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left 0
Right 0
Maximum tibia index
Left 0.49
Right 0.43
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left 3.6
Right 2.1
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 81
Right 76

Driver injury measures

Test ID VTP1818
Head
HIC-15 104
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.9
Extension bending moment (Nm) 7
Maximum Nij 0.20
Chest maximum compression (mm) 29
Femur (kN)
Left 0.3
Right 0.4
Knee displacement (mm)
Left 0
Right 1
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left 0
Right 0
Maximum tibia index
Left 0.39
Right 0.21
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left 0.4
Right 1.2
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 39
Right 44

Applies to 2019 models

Overall evaluation
G
Structure and safety cage
G
Injury measures
Head/neck
G
Chest
G
Leg/foot, left
G
Leg/foot, right
G
Restraints and dummy kinematics
G
Important: Frontal crash test ratings should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

The Toyota Avalon was redesigned for the 2019 model year. Moderate overlap frontal ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test conducted by Toyota as part of frontal crash test verification.

Injury measures

Measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.

Restraints and dummy kinematics

Dummy movement was well controlled. The driver side curtain airbag deployed during the crash. After the dummy moved forward into the frontal airbag, it rebounded into the seat without its head coming close to any stiff structure that could cause injury.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle 2019 Toyota Avalon XLE 4-door
Weight 3,608 lbs.
Side airbags front and rear head curtain airbags and front and rear seat-mounted torso airbags
Wheelbase 113 in.
Length 196 in.
Width 73 in.
Engine 3.5 L V6
EPA ratings 22 mpg city / 32 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occcupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID VTF1807
Footwell intrusion
Footrest (cm) 6
Left (cm) 9
Center (cm) 8
Right (cm) 4
Brake pedal (cm) 1
Instrument panel rearward movement
Left (cm) 2
Right (cm) 2
Steering column movement
Upward (cm) 3
Rearward (cm) -1
A-pillar rearward movement (cm) 0

Driver injury measures

Test ID VTF1807
Head
HIC-15 249
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.2
Extension bending moment (Nm) 25
Maximum Nij 0.31
Chest maximum compression (mm) 27
Legs
Femur force - left (kN) 0.6
Femur force - right (kN) 1.5
Knee displacement - left (mm) 1
Knee displacement - right (mm) 1
Maximum tibia index - left 0.26
Maximum tibia index - right 0.59
Tibia axial force - left (kN) 1.7
Tibia axial force - right (kN) 2.9
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 109
Right 67

Applies to 2019 models

Overall evaluation
G
Structure and safety cage
G
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
G
Torso
G
Pelvis/leg
G
Head protection
G
Rear passenger injury measures
Head/neck
G
Torso
G
Pelvis/leg
G
Head protection
G
Side crash test ratings can be compared across vehicle categories.

The Toyota Avalon was redesigned for the 2019 model year. Side ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test conducted by Toyota as part of side crash test verification.

Injury measures

Driver — Measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.

Passenger — Measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.

Head protection

Driver — The dummy’s head was protected from being hit by any hard structures, including the intruding barrier, by a side curtain airbag that deployed from the roof.

Passenger — The dummy’s head was protected from being hit by any hard structures, including the intruding barrier, by a side curtain airbag that deployed from the roof.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle 2019 Toyota Avalon Limited 4-door
Weight 3,724 lbs.
Side airbags standard front and rear head curtain airbags and standard front and rear seat-mounted torso airbags
Wheelbase 113 in.
Length 196 in.
Width 73 in.
Engine 3.5 L V6
EPA ratings 22 mpg city / 31 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID VTS1804
B-pillar to longitudinal centerline of driver's seat (cm)
Negative numbers indicate the amount by which the crush stopped short of the seat centerline.
-22.0

Driver injury measures

Test ID VTS1804
Head HIC-15 323
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.7
Compression (kN) 0.0
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 23
Lateral force (kN) 1.1
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 25
Average deflection (mm) 23
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 2.90
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.30
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 1.4
Acetabulum force (kN) 1.2
Combined force (kN) 2.5
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 0.8
L-M moment (Nm) 82
A-P moment (Nm) 39

Passenger injury measures

Test ID VTS1804
Head HIC-15 105
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.3
Compression (kN) 0.4
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 18
Lateral force (kN) 0.1
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 19
Average deflection (mm) 17
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 1.03
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.10
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 0.7
Acetabulum force (kN) 0.8
Combined force (kN) 1.4
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 0.4
L-M moment (Nm) 53
A-P moment (Nm) 34

Applies to 2019 models

Overall evaluation
G
Curb weight 3,590 lbs
Peak force 18,627 lbs
Strength-to-weight ratio 5.19
Tested vehicle
2019 Toyota Avalon XLE 4-door
Roof strength test ratings can be compared across vehicle categories.

In the test, the strength of the roof is determined by pushing a metal plate against one side of it at a slow but constant speed. The force applied relative to the vehicle's weight is known as the strength-to-weight ratio. This graph shows how the ratio varied as the test of this vehicle progressed. The peak strength-to-weight ratio recorded at any time before the roof is crushed 5 inches is the key measurement of roof strength.

A good rating requires a strength-to-weight ratio of at least 4. In other words, the roof must withstand a force of at least 4 times the vehicle's weight before the plate crushes the roof by 5 inches. For an acceptable rating, the minimum required strength-to-weight ratio is 3.25. For a marginal rating, it is 2.5. Anything lower than that is poor.

How this test is conducted

Applies to 2019 models

Overall evaluation
G
Dynamic rating
G
Seat/head restraint geometry
G
Important: Ratings for head restraints & seats should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

Seat type

Power leatherette seat

How this test is conducted

Seat type Power leatherette seat
Geometry
Backset (mm) 6
Distance below top of head (mm) -9
Seat design parameters
Pass/fail Pass
Max T1 acceleration (g) 11.5
Head contact time (ms) 52
Force rating 1
Neck forces
Max neck shear force (N) 0
Max neck tension (N) 123

Applies to 2019 models

System details

  • Standard Pre-Collision System w/Pedestrian Detection

Package name

  • Standard Toyta Safety Sense P (TSS-P)

Overall evaluation

Crash avoidance rating
Superior
6 points total

Forward collision warning

This system meets the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration's criteria for forward collision warning.
1 point

Low-speed autobrake

In the 12 mph IIHS test, this vehicle avoided a collision.
2 points

High-speed autobrake

In the 25 mph IIHS test, this vehicle avoided a collision.
3 points

Tested vehicle

2019 Toyota Avalon XLE 4-door

How this rating is determined

Ratings are given for 2 different headlight variations available for this vehicle.
Trim level(s)
  • Limited trim
  • Touring trim
  • Hybrid Limited trim
Low-beam headlight type LED projector
High-beam headlight type LED projector
Curve-adaptive? No
Automatically switches between low beams and high beams (high-beam assist)? Yes
Overall rating
G
Distance at which headlights provide at least 5 lux illumination:
car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler 0 ft 100 ft 200 ft 300 ft 400 ft 500 ft 600 ft Low beams Optimal low-beam illumination High beams Optimal high-beam illumination High-beam assist credit Some glare

Low beams

On the straightaway, visibility was good on both sides of the road. On curves, visibility was good on the sharp left and both right curves and fair on the gradual left curve.

The low beams created some glare.

High beams

On the straightaway, visibility was good on both sides of the road. On curves, visibility was good on the gradual right and gradual left curves and fair on the sharp right and sharp left curves.

High-beam assist compensates for some limitations of this vehicle's low beams on the straightaway and all 4 curves.

How this test is conducted

Trim level(s)
  • XLE trim
  • Hybrid XLE trim
  • XSE trim
  • Hybrid XSE trim
Low-beam headlight type LED reflector
High-beam headlight type LED reflector
Curve-adaptive? No
Automatically switches between low beams and high beams (high-beam assist)? Yes
Overall rating
P
Distance at which headlights provide at least 5 lux illumination:
car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler 0 ft 100 ft 200 ft 300 ft 400 ft 500 ft 600 ft Low beams Optimal low-beam illumination High beams Optimal high-beam illumination High-beam assist credit

Low beams

On the straightaway, visibility was inadequate on both sides of the road. On curves, visibility was fair on both right curves and inadequate on both left curves.

The low beams never exceeded glare limits.

High beams

On the straightaway, visibility was good on the right side of the road and inadequate on the left side. On curves, visibility was fair on the gradual right curve and inadequate on the sharp right and both left curves.

High-beam assist compensates for some limitations of this vehicle's low beams on the straightaway and all 4 curves.

How this test is conducted

Trim level(s)
  • Limited trim
  • Touring trim
  • Hybrid Limited trim
Low-beam headlight type LED projector
High-beam headlight type LED projector
Curve-adaptive? No
High-beam assist? Yes
Overall rating
Applies to 2019 models
G
LOW BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Amount glare
exceeded threshold
Straightaway right edge 98.7 m None
Straightaway left edge 58.5 m None
250m radius right curve, right edge 66.5 m 3.4 %
250m radius left curve, right edge 57.4 m None
150m radius right curve, right edge 56.5 m None
150m radius left curve, left edge 56.9 m None
HIGH BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Straightaway right edge 167.8 m
Straightaway left edge 166.8 m
250m radius right curve, right edge 82.6 m
250m radius left curve, left edge 79.9 m
150m radius right curve, right edge 64.0 m
150m radius left curve, left edge 63.8 m

Trim level(s)
  • XLE trim
  • Hybrid XLE trim
  • XSE trim
  • Hybrid XSE trim
Low-beam headlight type LED reflector
High-beam headlight type LED reflector
Curve-adaptive? No
High-beam assist? Yes
Overall rating
Applies to 2019 models
P
LOW BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Amount glare
exceeded threshold
Straightaway right edge 71.7 m None
Straightaway left edge 41.8 m None
250m radius right curve, right edge 59.6 m None
250m radius left curve, left edge 41.5 m None
150m radius right curve, right edge 49.4 m None
150m radius left curve, left edge 35.1 m None
HIGH BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Straightaway right edge 150.6 m
Straightaway left edge 79.4 m
250m radius right curve, right edge 74.1 m
250m radius left curve, left edge 49.5 m
150m radius right curve, right edge 54.8 m
150m radius left curve, left edge 40.1 m

Applies to 2019 models

How this rating is determined

Overall evaluation

G
+
extra LATCH
positions
Vehicle trim XLE
Seat type leatherette

This vehicle has 2 rear seating positions with complete child seat attachment (LATCH) hardware.

It has 1 additional seating position with a tether anchor and the ability to borrow lower anchors from the other seating positions.

Note: When anchors are borrowed, they aren't available to use in their designated positions.

1 2 3


Good
Acceptable
Marginal
Poor
Seating positions that rely on borrowed lower anchors or have only a tether anchor available are not rated.
Tether anchor
Lower anchors
Lower anchor(s) can be borrowed from adjacent positions(s)
No hardware available

Details by seating position

1
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
no other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
not too deep in seat
not too much force needed to attach
easy to maneuver around anchors
2
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
no other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
Can be borrowed from 1 and 3
3
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
no other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
not too deep in seat
not too much force needed to attach
easy to maneuver around anchors

Seat position 21

3
Lower anchor A
Open access rated Yes
Depth Visible
Force (lbs) 0
Clearance angle (degrees) 78
Lower anchor B
Open access rated Yes
Depth Visible
Force (lbs) 0
Clearance angle (degrees) 81
Tether anchor
Location Rear deck
Confusing hardware present No
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
Yes

Seat position 22

2
Lower anchor A
Lower latch is shared for this seat position
Lower anchor B
Lower latch is shared for this seat position
Tether anchor
Location Rear deck
Confusing hardware present No
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
Yes

Seat position 23

1
Lower anchor A
Open access rated Yes
Depth Visible
Force (lbs) 0
Clearance angle (degrees) 77
Lower anchor B
Open access rated Yes
Depth Visible
Force (lbs) 0
Clearance angle (degrees) 78
Tether anchor
Location Rear deck
Confusing hardware present No
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
Yes
1
Side airbags: front and rear head curtain airbags and front and rear seat-mounted torso airbags
2
Rollover sensor: designed to deploy the side curtain airbags in the event of an impending rollover
3
Driver and front passenger knee airbags: separate airbags in the lower instrument panel designed to minimize knee injuries in frontal crashes
4
Electronic stability control
5
Antilock brakes
6
Daytime running lights

©1996-2018, Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, Highway Loss Data Institute | www.iihs.org