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1999 Toyota 4Runner

Midsize SUV
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  • Moderate overlap front
    A
1996 Toyota 4Runner shown
1996 Toyota 4Runner shown
1
Electronic stability control (beginning with 2001 4-wheel-drive models)
2
Antilock brakes (standard beginning with 2001 models, optional on 2000 and earlier models)
Model yearFront small overlapFront moderate overlapSideRoof strengthHead restraints & seats
2014
M
G
G
G
G
2013
G
G
G
G
2012
G
G
A
G
2011
G
G
A
G
2010
G
G
A
G
2009
G
G
P
2008
G
G
P
2007
G
G
P
2006
G
G
P
2005
G
P
2004
G
P
2003
G
P
2002
A
2001
A
2000
A
1999
A
1998
A
1997
A
1996
A

Applies to 1996-2002 models

Overall evaluation
A
Structure and safety cage
A
Injury measures
Head/neck
G
Chest
G
Leg/foot, left
G
Leg/foot, right
A
Restraints and dummy kinematics
A
Important: Frontal crash test ratings should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

The Toyota 4Runner was redesigned for the 1996 model year.

The Insurance Institute for Highway Safety has evaluated the crashworthiness of the 4Runner in a 40 mph frontal offset crash test into a deformable barrier.

Note: Airbag and safety belt changes beginning with 1998 and 1999 models improved the 4Runner's performance in the federal government's full-width crash test at 35 mph, which evaluates other important aspects of frontal crashworthiness. These changes are not expected to affect the results of the Institute's test, because measures indicate that significant injury to the upper body was unlikely in the tested 1996 model (these measures are most likely to be affected by airbag and safety belt changes).

Injury measures

Measures taken from the head, neck, chest, and left leg indicate low risk of injuries to these body regions in a crash of this severity. Forces on the right tibia indicate that injuries to the lower leg would be possible.

Restraints and dummy kinematics

Dummy movement was reasonably well controlled. After the dummy moved forward into the airbag, it rebounded into the seat without its head coming close to any stiff structure that could cause injury. However, there was far too much upward movement of the steering wheel.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle1996 Toyota 4Runner SR5 4wd
Weight 3,942 lbs.
Side airbagsnone
Wheelbase105 in.
Length179 in.
Width67 in.
Engine3.4 L V6
EPA ratings17 mpg city / 19 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occcupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test IDCF96005
Footwell intrusion
Footrest (cm)17
Left (cm)16
Center (cm)20
Right (cm)16
Brake pedal (cm)14
Instrument panel rearward movement
Left (cm)3
Right (cm)5
Steering column movement
Upward (cm)16
Rearward (cm)1
A-pillar rearward movement (cm)1

Driver injury measures

Test IDCF96005
Head
HIC-15463
Peak gs at hard contactno contact
Neck
Tension (kN)1.8
Extension bending moment (Nm)23
Maximum Nij 0.33
Chest maximum compression (mm)28
Legs
Femur force - left (kN)1.2
Femur force - right (kN)1.0
Knee displacement - left (mm)0
Knee displacement - right (mm)0
Maximum tibia index - left0.58
Maximum tibia index - right0.84
Tibia axial force - left (kN)3.3
Tibia axial force - right (kN)4.1
Foot acceleration (g)
Left97
Right141

©1996-2014, Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, Highway Loss Data Institute | www.iihs.org