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2014 Toyota 4Runner

Midsize SUV

Crashworthiness
Front crash
prevention
Crash avoidance rating
Not Available
  • Small overlap front
    M
  • Moderate overlap front
    G
  • Side
    G
  • Roof strength
    G
  • Head restraints & seats
    G
1
Side airbags: head curtain airbags for all three rows of seats (when equipped with 3rd row) and front seat-mounted torso airbags
2
Rollover sensor: designed to deploy the side curtain airbags in the event of an impending rollover
3
Driver and front passenger knee airbags: separate airbags in the lower instrument panel designed to minimize knee injuries in frontal crashes
4
Electronic stability control
5
Antilock brakes
6
Daytime running lights
Model yearFront small overlapFront moderate overlapSideRoof strengthHead restraints & seats
2014
M
G
G
G
G
2013
G
G
G
G
2012
G
G
A
G
2011
G
G
A
G
2010
G
G
A
G
2009
G
G
P
2008
G
G
P
2007
G
G
P
2006
G
G
P
2005
G
P
2004
G
P
2003
G
P
2002
A
2001
A
2000
A
1999
A
1998
A
1997
A
1996
A

Applies to 2014 models

Overall evaluation
M
Structure and safety cage
P
Injury measures
Head/neck
G
Chest
G
Hip/thigh
G
Lower leg/foot
A
Restraints and dummy kinematics
G
Important: Frontal crash test ratings should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

The Toyota 4Runner was redesigned for the 2010 model year. Beginning with 2014 models, the side curtain airbags were lengthened and reprogrammed to deploy in frontal crashes (in addition to side and rollover crashes) to improve occupant protection.

Structure

The driver's space was seriously compromised by intruding structure. Lower interior intrusion measured as much as 48 cm at the lower hinge pillar. The parking brake pedal was pushed back 25 cm toward the driver. Upper interior intrusion measured 31 cm at the hinge pillar and 21-25 cm at the instrument panel. The steering column was pushed back 12 cm toward the driver.

Injury measures

Measures from the dummy indicate that injuries to both lower legs would be possible in a crash of this severity. The risk of significant injuries to other body regions is low.

Restraints and dummy kinematics

The dummy’s movement was well controlled. The dummy’s head loaded the frontal airbag, which stayed in front of the dummy until rebound. However, the steering column moved 11 cm to the right, slightly too far for optimal head protection. The side curtain airbag deployed and has sufficient forward coverage to protect the head from contact with side structure and outside objects. The side torso airbag also deployed.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle2014 Toyota 4Runner SR5 4wd
Weight 4,743 lbs.
Side airbagshead curtain airbags for all three rows of seats and front seat-mounted torso airbags
Wheelbase110 in.
Length190 in.
Width76 in.
Engine4.0 L V6
EPA ratings17 mpg city / 21 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test IDCEN1403
Lower hinge pillar max (cm)48
Footrest (cm)23
Lower occupant compartment
Left toepan (cm)15
Brake pedal (cm)23
Parking brake (cm)25
Rocker panel lateral average (cm)3
Steering column12
Upper hinge pillar max (cm)31
Upper occupant compartment
Upper dash (cm)25
Lower instrument panel (cm)21

Driver injury measures

Test IDCEN1403
Head
HIC-15142
Peak gs at hard contactno contact
Neck
Tension (kN)1.5
Extension bending moment (Nm)11
Maximum Nij 0.26
Chest maximum compression (mm)18
Femur (kN)
Left3.9
Right2.4
Knee displacement (mm)
Left7
Right4
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left1
Right0
Maximum tibia index
Left0.95
Right0.85
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left5.0
Right2.9
Foot acceleration (g)
Left98
Right63

Applies to 2010-14 models

Overall evaluation
G
Structure and safety cage
G
Injury measures
Head/neck
A
Chest
G
Leg/foot, left
G
Leg/foot, right
G
Restraints and dummy kinematics
G
Important: Frontal crash test ratings should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

The Toyota 4Runner was redesigned for the 2010 model year. Frontal ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test conducted by Toyota as part of frontal crash test verification.

Injury measures

Measures taken from the neck, chest, and both legs indicate low risk of injuries to these body regions in a crash of this severity. A high head acceleration occurred when the dummy's head hit the steering wheel through the airbag, indicating that head injuries would be possible. Head acceleration from the roof rail hit was low.

Restraints and dummy kinematics

Dummy movement was well controlled. During rebound, the dummy's head hit the roof rail.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle2010 Toyota 4Runner SR5 4wd
Weight 4,674 lbs.
Side airbagsfront and rear head curtain airbags and front seat-mounted torso airbags
Wheelbase110 in.
Length190 in.
Width76 in.
Engine4.0 L V6
EPA ratings17 mpg city / 22 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occcupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test IDVTF0910
Footwell intrusion
Footrest (cm)9
Left (cm)11
Center (cm)12
Right (cm)10
Brake pedal (cm)3
Instrument panel rearward movement
Left (cm)0
Right (cm)1
Steering column movement
Upward (cm)-5
Rearward (cm)5
A-pillar rearward movement (cm)1

Driver injury measures

Test IDVTF0910
Head
HIC-15357
Peak gs at hard contact71
Neck
Tension (kN)1.5
Extension bending moment (Nm)22
Maximum Nij 0.30
Chest maximum compression (mm)21
Legs
Femur force - left (kN)1.5
Femur force - right (kN)1.6
Knee displacement - left (mm)3
Knee displacement - right (mm)1
Maximum tibia index - left0.49
Maximum tibia index - right0.31
Tibia axial force - left (kN)2.6
Tibia axial force - right (kN)3.3
Foot acceleration (g)
Left94
Right111

Applies to 2014 models

Overall evaluation
G
Structure and safety cage
G
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
G
Torso
G
Pelvis/leg
G
Head protection
G
Rear passenger injury measures
Head/neck
G
Torso
G
Pelvis/leg
G
Head protection
G
Side crash test ratings can be compared across vehicle categories.

The Toyota 4Runner was redesigned for the 2010 model year. Beginning with 2014 models, design changes were made to the side curtain airbags. Side ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test conducted by Toyota as part of side crash test verification. However, because there were no side structural changes, the structure rating of the current model is based on both this test and an earlier test conducted by Toyota of a 2010 model.

Injury measures

Driver — Measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.

Passenger — Measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.

Head protection

Driver — The dummy’s head was protected from being hit by any hard structures, including the intruding barrier, by a side curtain airbag that deployed from the roof.

Passenger — The dummy’s head was protected from being hit by any hard structures, including the intruding barrier, by a side curtain airbag that deployed from the roof.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle2014 Toyota 4Runner SR5 4wd
Weight 4,601 lbs.
Side airbagsstandard head curtain airbags for all three rows of seats and standard front seat-mounted torso airbags
Wheelbase110 in.
Length190 in.
Width76 in.
Engine4.0 L V6
EPA ratings17 mpg city / 21 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test IDVTS1002VTS1316
B-pillar to longitudinal centerline of driver's seat (cm)
Negative numbers indicate the amount by which the crush stopped short of the seat centerline.
-16.5-18.0

Driver injury measures

Test IDVTS1316
Head HIC-15163
Neck
Tension (kN)0.2
Compression (kN)0.6
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm)31
Lateral force (kN)1.4
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm)33
Average deflection (mm)28
Maximum deflection rate (m/s)2.90
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s)0.33
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN)1.9
Acetabulum force (kN)3.0
Combined force (kN)4.9
Left femur
L-M force (kN)0.8
L-M moment (Nm)40
A-P moment (Nm) -144

Passenger injury measures

Test IDVTS1316
Head HIC-15188
Neck
Tension (kN)0.5
Compression (kN)0.3
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm)33
Lateral force (kN)1.1
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm)35
Average deflection (mm)24
Maximum deflection rate (m/s)3.80
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s)0.42
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN)0.9
Acetabulum force (kN)2.4
Combined force (kN)2.9
Left femur
L-M force (kN)0.3
L-M moment (Nm)34
A-P moment (Nm) 53

Applies to 2013-14 models

Overall evaluation
G
Curb weight4,585 lbs
Peak force18,866 lbs
Strength-to-weight ratio4.11
Tested vehicle
2013 Toyota 4Runner SR5 4-door 4wd
Roof strength test ratings can be compared across vehicle categories.

In the test, the strength of the roof is determined by pushing a metal plate against one side of it at a slow but constant speed. The force applied relative to the vehicle's weight is known as the strength-to-weight ratio. This graph shows how the ratio varied as the test of this vehicle progressed. The peak strength-to-weight ratio recorded at any time before the roof is crushed 5 inches is the key measurement of roof strength.

A good rating requires a strength-to-weight ratio of at least 4. In other words, the roof must withstand a force of at least 4 times the vehicle's weight before the plate crushes the roof by 5 inches. For an acceptable rating, the minimum required strength-to-weight ratio is 3.25. For a marginal rating, it is 2.5. Anything lower than that is poor.

How this test is conducted

Applies to 2010-14 models

Overall evaluation
G
Dynamic rating
G
Seat/head restraint geometry
G
Important: Ratings for head restraints & seats should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

Seat type

Manual cloth seats (AHR)

How this test is conducted

Seat typeManual cloth seats (AHR)
Geometry
Backset (mm)44
Distance below top of head (mm)30
Seat design parameters
Pass/failPass
Max T1 acceleration (g)11.4
Head contact time (ms)68
Force ratingLow
Neck forces
Max neck shear force (N)44
Max neck tension (N)532

Applies to 2013-15 models

Overall evaluation

Crash avoidance rating
Not Available
0 points total

Forward collision warning

Not available.
0 points

Low-speed autobrake

Not available.
0 points

High-speed autobrake

Not available.
0 points

How this rating is determined

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