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2009 Suzuki Equator

Small pickup
  • Moderate overlap front
    G
  • Side
    G
  • Roof strength
    G
  • Head restraints & seats
    P
1
Side airbags: front and rear head curtain airbags and front seat-mounted torso airbags (standard in Equator and beginning with 2010 Frontier models, optional in 2005-09 Frontier models)
2
Rollover sensor: designed to deploy the side curtain airbags, if equipped, in the event of an impending rollover
3
Electronic stability control (standard beginning with 2010 models except those with 4-cylinder engines, optional on 2005-09 4-wheel-drive models only)
4
Antilock brakes
Model yearFront small overlapFront moderate overlapSideRoof strengthHead restraints & seats
2013
G
G
G
A
2012
G
G
G
A
2011
G
G
G
A
2010
G
G
G
A
2009
G
G
G
P

Applies to 2009-12 models

Overall evaluation
G
Structure and safety cage
G
Injury measures
Head/neck
G
Chest
G
Leg/foot, left
M
Leg/foot, right
A
Restraints and dummy kinematics
G
Important: Frontal crash test ratings should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

The 2009 Suzuki Equator is a twin of the tested vehicle.

The Nissan Frontier was redesigned for the 2005 model year and is significantly larger and heavier than previous models. The Suzuki Equator was introduced in the 2009 model year. Two tests of the Frontier were conducted, one by the Institute of a 2wd King Cab and the other by Nissan of a 2wd Crew Cab as part of frontal crash test verification. The overall rating of Good is based on review of both tests, which independently result in overall ratings of Good. The ratings and vehicle specifications based on Nissan's test are shown below because the 2wd Crew Cab is similar to the configuration of other pickups tested more recently.

Injury measures

In each test, measures taken from the head, neck, and chest indicate low risk of injuries to these body regions in a crash of this severity. In the test conducted by Nissan, forces on the left knee, right tibia, and right foot indicate that left knee and right lower leg and foot injuries would be possible. (In the Institute's test, forces on the left knee and both tibias indicate that knee and lower leg injuries would be possible.)

Restraints and dummy kinematics

Dummy movement was well controlled in both tests. After the dummy moved forward into the airbag, it rebounded into the seat without its head coming close to any stiff structure that could cause injury.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle2008 Nissan Frontier SE (2wd Crew Cab)
Weight 4,222 lbs.
Side airbagsnone
Wheelbase126 in.
Length206 in.
Width73 in.
Engine4.0 L V6
EPA ratings15 mpg city / 20 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occcupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test IDCEF0504VTF0812
Footwell intrusion
Footrest (cm)1112
Left (cm)1213
Center (cm)1415
Right (cm)1213
Brake pedal (cm)76
Instrument panel rearward movement
Left (cm)10
Right (cm)1-1
Steering column movement
Upward (cm)43
Rearward (cm)0-1
A-pillar rearward movement (cm)23

Driver injury measures

Test IDCEF0504VTF0812
Head
HIC-15255252
Peak gs at hard contactno contactno contact
Neck
Tension (kN)1.5 1.4
Extension bending moment (Nm)21 19
Maximum Nij 0.25 0.24
Chest maximum compression (mm)34 35
Legs
Femur force - left (kN)1.4 2.0
Femur force - right (kN)0.0 1.0
Knee displacement - left (mm)13 14
Knee displacement - right (mm)0 2
Maximum tibia index - left0.95 1.05
Maximum tibia index - right0.35 0.58
Tibia axial force - left (kN)2.43.2
Tibia axial force - right (kN)4.34.4
Foot acceleration (g)
Left111140
Right117162

Applies to 2009 models

Overall evaluation
G
Structure and safety cage
G
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
G
Torso
A
Pelvis/leg
G
Head protection
G
Rear passenger injury measures
Head/neck
G
Torso
G
Pelvis/leg
G
Head protection
G
Side crash test ratings can be compared across vehicle categories.

The 2009 Suzuki Equator is a twin of the tested vehicle.

The Nissan Frontier was redesigned for the 2005 model year and is significantly larger and heavier than previous models. Side airbags became standard beginning with 2010 models (they had been optional in 2005-09 models). The Suzuki Equator was introduced in the 2009 model year with standard side airbags. Structure ratings are based on this test and on an earlier test of a 2008 Frontier model without side airbags.

Injury measures

Driver — Measures taken from the dummy indicate that rib fractures would be possible in a crash of this severity. The risk of significant injuries to other body regions is low.

Passenger — Measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.

Head protection

Driver — The dummy’s head was protected from being hit by any hard structures, including the intruding barrier, by a side curtain airbag that deployed from the roof.

Passenger — The dummy’s head was protected from being hit by any hard structures, including the intruding barrier, by a side curtain airbag that deployed from the roof.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle2010 Nissan Frontier SE (2wd Crew Cab)
Weight 4,279 lbs.
Side airbagsstandard front and rear head curtain airbags and standard front seat-mounted torso airbags
Wheelbase126 in.
Length206 in.
Width73 in.
Engine4.0 L V6
EPA ratings15 mpg city / 20 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test IDCES0819CES0931
B-pillar to longitudinal centerline of driver's seat (cm)
Negative numbers indicate the amount by which the crush stopped short of the seat centerline.
-15.0-15.5

Driver injury measures

Test IDCES0931
Head HIC-15107
Neck
Tension (kN)1.0
Compression (kN)0.2
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm)40
Lateral force (kN)1.1
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm)39
Average deflection (mm)37
Maximum deflection rate (m/s)3.72
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s)0.61
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN)0.8
Acetabulum force (kN)2.6
Combined force (kN)3.4
Left femur
L-M force (kN)0.7
L-M moment (Nm)140
A-P moment (Nm) -52

Passenger injury measures

Test IDCES0931
Head HIC-15229
Neck
Tension (kN)0.3
Compression (kN)0.8
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm)34
Lateral force (kN)1.3
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm)43
Average deflection (mm)30
Maximum deflection rate (m/s)4.35
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s)0.53
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN)0.3
Acetabulum force (kN)1.4
Combined force (kN)1.4
Left femur
L-M force (kN)0.5
L-M moment (Nm)87
A-P moment (Nm) -26

Applies to 2009-11 models

Overall evaluation
G
Structure and safety cage
G
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
G
Torso
A
Pelvis/leg
G
Head protection
G
Rear passenger injury measures
Head/neck
G
Torso
G
Pelvis/leg
G
Head protection
G
Side crash test ratings can be compared across vehicle categories.

The 2009 Suzuki Equator is a twin of the tested vehicle.

The Nissan Frontier was redesigned for the 2005 model year and is significantly larger and heavier than previous models. Side airbags became standard beginning with 2010 models (they had been optional in 2005-09 models). The Suzuki Equator was introduced in the 2009 model year with standard side airbags. Structure ratings are based on this test and on an earlier test of a 2008 Frontier model without side airbags.

Injury measures

Driver — Measures taken from the dummy indicate that rib fractures would be possible in a crash of this severity. The risk of significant injuries to other body regions is low.

Passenger — Measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.

Head protection

Driver — The dummy’s head was protected from being hit by any hard structures, including the intruding barrier, by a side curtain airbag that deployed from the roof.

Passenger — The dummy’s head was protected from being hit by any hard structures, including the intruding barrier, by a side curtain airbag that deployed from the roof.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle2010 Nissan Frontier SE (2wd Crew Cab)
Weight 4,279 lbs.
Side airbagsstandard front and rear head curtain airbags and standard front seat-mounted torso airbags
Wheelbase126 in.
Length206 in.
Width73 in.
Engine4.0 L V6
EPA ratings15 mpg city / 20 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test IDCES0819CES0931
B-pillar to longitudinal centerline of driver's seat (cm)
Negative numbers indicate the amount by which the crush stopped short of the seat centerline.
-15.0-15.5

Driver injury measures

Test IDCES0931
Head HIC-15107
Neck
Tension (kN)1.0
Compression (kN)0.2
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm)40
Lateral force (kN)1.1
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm)39
Average deflection (mm)37
Maximum deflection rate (m/s)3.72
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s)0.61
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN)0.8
Acetabulum force (kN)2.6
Combined force (kN)3.4
Left femur
L-M force (kN)0.7
L-M moment (Nm)140
A-P moment (Nm) -52

Passenger injury measures

Test IDCES0931
Head HIC-15229
Neck
Tension (kN)0.3
Compression (kN)0.8
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm)34
Lateral force (kN)1.3
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm)43
Average deflection (mm)30
Maximum deflection rate (m/s)4.35
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s)0.53
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN)0.3
Acetabulum force (kN)1.4
Combined force (kN)1.4
Left femur
L-M force (kN)0.5
L-M moment (Nm)87
A-P moment (Nm) -26

Applies to 2009-13 models

Overall evaluation
G
Curb weight4,265 lbs
Peak force17,535 lbs
Strength-to-weight ratio4.11
Tested vehicle
Rating applies only to crew cab models.
2010 Nissan Frontier SE Crew Cab 2wd
Roof strength test ratings can be compared across vehicle categories.

In the test, the strength of the roof is determined by pushing a metal plate against one side of it at a slow but constant speed. The force applied relative to the vehicle's weight is known as the strength-to-weight ratio. This graph shows how the ratio varied as the test of this vehicle progressed. The peak strength-to-weight ratio recorded at any time before the roof is crushed 5 inches is the key measurement of roof strength.

A good rating requires a strength-to-weight ratio of at least 4. In other words, the roof must withstand a force of at least 4 times the vehicle's weight before the plate crushes the roof by 5 inches. For an acceptable rating, the minimum required strength-to-weight ratio is 3.25. For a marginal rating, it is 2.5. Anything lower than that is poor.

How this test is conducted

Applies to 2009 models

Overall evaluation
P
Dynamic rating
P
Seat/head restraint geometry
G
Important: Head restraints & seats ratings should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

Seat type

Seats with adjustable lumbar (AHR)

How this test is conducted

Seat typeSeats with adjustable lumbar (AHR)
Geometry
Backset (mm)65
Distance below top of head (mm)58
Seat design parameters
Pass/failFail
Max T1 acceleration (g)11.3
Head contact time (ms)73
Force ratingHigh
Neck forces
Max neck shear force (N)302
Max neck tension (N)1,477

Applies to 2009 models

Overall evaluation
P
Dynamic rating
P
Seat/head restraint geometry
A
Important: Head restraints & seats ratings should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

Seat type

Seats without adjustable lumbar (AHR)

How this test is conducted

Seat typeSeats without adjustable lumbar (AHR)
Geometry
Backset (mm)80
Distance below top of head (mm)50
Seat design parameters
Pass/failFail
Max T1 acceleration (g)12.8
Head contact time (ms)81
Force ratingHigh
Neck forces
Max neck shear force (N)195
Max neck tension (N)876

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