Applies to 2013-14 models built after August 2012
|Structure and safety cage|
|Restraints and dummy kinematics|
Important: Frontal crash test ratings should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.
The 2014 Subaru Outback is a twin of the tested vehicle.
The Subaru Outback was redesigned for the 2010 model year. Beginning with 2013 models built after August 2012, the side curtain airbags were reprogrammed to deploy in small overlap frontal crashes to improve occupant protection (note: information about when a specific vehicle was manufactured is on the certification label typically affixed to the car on or near the driver door).
The small overlap frontal crash test ratings also apply to the sedan version of the Outback, known as the Legacy, also with the reprogrammed side curtain airbags beginning with 2013 models built after August 2012. The tested car was a Legacy built after the side airbag modification was in place.
The driver space was not maintained well. Lower interior intrusion measured as much as 28 cm at the lower hinge pillar, and the instrument panel intruded 13-14 cm. The steering column was pushed back 8 cm toward the driver.
Measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.
Restraints and dummy kinematics
The dummy’s movement was well controlled. The dummy’s head loaded the frontal airbag, which stayed in front of the dummy until rebound. The side curtain airbag deployed and had sufficient forward coverage to protect the head from contact with side structure and outside objects.
Tested vehicle specifications
|Tested vehicle||2013 Subaru Legacy 2.5i Premium 4-door 4wd|
|Weight|| 3,384 lbs.|
|Side airbags||front and rear head curtain airbags and front seat-mounted torso airbags|
|Engine||2.5 L 4-cylinder|
|EPA ratings||24 mpg city / 32 mpg highway|
How this test is conducted
Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side
|Lower hinge pillar max (cm)||28|
|Lower occupant compartment|
|Left toepan (cm)||12|
|Brake pedal (cm)||17|
|Parking brake (cm)|
|Rocker panel lateral average (cm)||0|
|Upper hinge pillar max (cm)||11|
|Upper occupant compartment|
|Upper dash (cm)||14|
|Lower instrument panel (cm)||13|
Driver injury measures
|Peak gs at hard contact||no contact |
|Tension (kN)||1.4 |
|Extension bending moment (Nm)||5 |
|Maximum Nij ||0.23 |
|Chest maximum compression (mm)||24 |
|Knee displacement (mm)|
|Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)|
|Maximum tibia index|
|Tibia axial force (kN)|
|Foot acceleration (g)|