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2013 Subaru Outback

Midsize moderately priced car

Crashworthiness
Front crash
prevention
Crash avoidance rating
Superior
with optional
equipment
  • Small overlap front
    A
  • Moderate overlap front
    G
  • Side
    G
  • Roof strength
    G
  • Head restraints & seats
    G
Ratings shown are the latest available for this model year.
See below for ratings based on manufacture date.
1
Side airbags: front and rear head curtain airbags and front seat-mounted torso airbags
2
Rollover sensor: designed to deploy the side curtain airbags in the event of an impending rollover (standard on Outback, not available on Legacy)
3
Electronic stability control
4
Antilock brakes
5
Daytime running lights
Model yearFront small overlapFront moderate overlapSideRoof strengthHead restraints & seats
2014
A
G
G
G
G
2013
A
G
G
G
G
2012
G
G
G
G
2011
G
G
G
G
2010
G
G
G
G
2009
G
2008
G
2007
G
2006
G
2005
A

Applies to 2013-14 models built after August 2012

Overall evaluation
A
Structure and safety cage
M
Injury measures
Head/neck
G
Chest
G
Hip/thigh
G
Lower leg/foot
G
Restraints and dummy kinematics
G
Important: Frontal crash test ratings should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

The Subaru Outback was redesigned for the 2010 model year. Beginning with 2013 models built after August 2012, the side curtain airbags were reprogrammed to deploy in small overlap frontal crashes to improve occupant protection (note: information about when a specific vehicle was manufactured is on the certification label typically affixed to the car on or near the driver door).

The small overlap frontal crash test ratings also apply to the sedan version of the Outback, known as the Legacy, also with the reprogrammed side curtain airbags beginning with 2013 models built after August 2012. The tested car was a Legacy built after the side airbag modification was in place.

Structure

The driver space was not maintained well. Lower interior intrusion measured as much as 28 cm at the lower hinge pillar, and the instrument panel intruded 13-14 cm. The steering column was pushed back 8 cm toward the driver.

Injury measures

Measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.

Restraints and dummy kinematics

The dummy’s movement was well controlled. The dummy’s head loaded the frontal airbag, which stayed in front of the dummy until rebound. The side curtain airbag deployed and had sufficient forward coverage to protect the head from contact with side structure and outside objects.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle2013 Subaru Legacy 2.5i Premium 4-door
Weight 3,384 lbs.
Side airbagsfront and rear head curtain airbags and front seat-mounted torso airbags
Wheelbase108 in.
Length187 in.
Width72 in.
Engine2.5 L 4-cylinder
EPA ratings24 mpg city / 32 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test IDCEN1228
Lower hinge pillar max (cm)28
Footrest (cm)20
Lower occupant compartment
Left toepan (cm)12
Brake pedal (cm)17
Parking brake (cm)
Rocker panel lateral average (cm)0
Steering column8
Upper hinge pillar max (cm)11
Upper occupant compartment
Upper dash (cm)14
Lower instrument panel (cm)12

Driver injury measures

Test IDCEN1228
Head
HIC-15110
Peak gs at hard contactno contact
Neck
Tension (kN)1.4
Extension bending moment (Nm)5
Maximum Nij 0.23
Chest maximum compression (mm)24
Femur (kN)
Left2.0
Right1.0
Knee displacement (mm)
Left10
Right5
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left0
Right0
Maximum tibia
Left0.80
Right0.59
Maximum tibia index
Left0.80
Right0.59
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left1.5
Right4.0
Foot acceleration (g)
Left67
Right114

Applies to 2010-14 models

Overall evaluation
G
Structure and safety cage
G
Injury measures
Head/neck
G
Chest
G
Leg/foot, left
G
Leg/foot, right
G
Restraints and dummy kinematics
G
Important: Frontal crash test ratings should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

The Subaru Outback wagon was redesigned for the 2010 model year. Frontal ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test conducted by Subaru on the similar Legacy 4-door sedan, also redesigned for 2010, as part of frontal crash test verification.

Injury measures

Measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.

Restraints and dummy kinematics

Dummy movement was well controlled. After the dummy moved forward into the airbag, it rebounded into the seat without its head coming close to any stiff structure that could cause injury.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle2010 Subaru Legacy 2.5i Premium 4-door 4wd
Weight 3,355 lbs.
Side airbagsfront and rear head curtain airbags and front seat-mounted torso airbags
Wheelbase108 in.
Length186 in.
Width72 in.
Engine2.5 L 4-cylinder
EPA ratings23 mpg city / 31 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occcupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test IDVTF0904
Footwell intrusion
Footrest (cm)5
Left (cm)7
Center (cm)6
Right (cm)4
Brake pedal (cm)5
Instrument panel rearward movement
Left (cm)0
Right (cm)0
Steering column movement
Upward (cm)0
Rearward (cm)1
A-pillar rearward movement (cm)0

Driver injury measures

Test IDVTF0904
Head
HIC-1596
Peak gs at hard contactno contact
Neck
Tension (kN)1.0
Extension bending moment (Nm)33
Maximum Nij 0.30
Chest maximum compression (mm)30
Legs
Femur force - left (kN)0.4
Femur force - right (kN)1.7
Knee displacement - left (mm)4
Knee displacement - right (mm)1
Maximum tibia index - left0.44
Maximum tibia index - right0.57
Tibia axial force - left (kN)1.8
Tibia axial force - right (kN)2.1
Foot acceleration (g)
Left65
Right51

Applies to 2010-14 models

Overall evaluation
G
Structure and safety cage
G
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
G
Torso
G
Pelvis/leg
G
Head protection
G
Rear passenger injury measures
Head/neck
G
Torso
G
Pelvis/leg
G
Head protection
G
Side crash test ratings can be compared across vehicle categories.

The Subaru Outback was redesigned for the 2010 model year. Two tests of the Outback were conducted, one by the Institute and the other by Subaru as part of side crash test verification. Ratings are based on both tests.

Injury measures

Driver — In both tests, measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.

Passenger — In both tests, measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.

Head protection

Driver — In both tests, the dummy's head was protected from being hit by any hard structures, including the intruding barrier, by a side curtain airbag that deployed from the roof and a side airbag that deployed from the seat.

Passenger — In both tests, the dummy's head was protected from being hit by any hard structures, including the intruding barrier, by a side curtain airbag that deployed from the roof.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle2010 Subaru Outback 2.5i wagon 4wd
Weight 3,490 lbs.
Side airbagsstandard front and rear head curtain airbags and standard front seat-mounted torso airbags
Wheelbase108 in.
Length188 in.
Width72 in.
Engine2.5 L 4-cylinder
EPA ratings22 mpg city / 29 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test IDVTS0904CES0918
B-pillar to longitudinal centerline of driver's seat (cm)
Negative numbers indicate the amount by which the crush stopped short of the seat centerline.
-15.0-17.5

Driver injury measures

Test IDVTS0904CES0918
Head HIC-1591116
Neck
Tension (kN)0.40.7
Compression (kN)0.60.0
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm)1936
Lateral force (kN)1.31.2
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm)3233
Average deflection (mm)2927
Maximum deflection rate (m/s)3.772.42
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s)0.380.44
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN)1.71.2
Acetabulum force (kN)2.93.1
Combined force (kN)4.64.2
Left femur
L-M force (kN)0.60.5
L-M moment (Nm)6845
A-P moment (Nm) -1215

Passenger injury measures

Test IDVTS0904CES0918
Head HIC-15128144
Neck
Tension (kN)0.50.1
Compression (kN)0.20.4
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm)3628
Lateral force (kN)1.11.5
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm)2722
Average deflection (mm)2318
Maximum deflection rate (m/s)2.762.56
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s)0.270.19
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN)2.11.7
Acetabulum force (kN)2.82.8
Combined force (kN)4.84.2
Left femur
L-M force (kN)0.30.5
L-M moment (Nm)8468
A-P moment (Nm) 47-35

Applies to 2010-14 models

Overall evaluation
G
Curb weight3,519 lbs
Peak force16,458 lbs
Strength-to-weight ratio4.68
Tested vehicle
2010 Subaru Outback 2.5i Premium wagon 4wd
Roof strength test ratings can be compared across vehicle categories.

In the test, the strength of the roof is determined by pushing a metal plate against one side of it at a slow but constant speed. The force applied relative to the vehicle's weight is known as the strength-to-weight ratio. This graph shows how the ratio varied as the test of this vehicle progressed. The peak strength-to-weight ratio recorded at any time before the roof is crushed 5 inches is the key measurement of roof strength.

A good rating requires a strength-to-weight ratio of at least 4. In other words, the roof must withstand a force of at least 4 times the vehicle's weight before the plate crushes the roof by 5 inches. For an acceptable rating, the minimum required strength-to-weight ratio is 3.25. For a marginal rating, it is 2.5. Anything lower than that is poor.

How this test is conducted

Applies to 2010-14 models

Overall evaluation
G
Dynamic rating
G
Seat/head restraint geometry
G
Important: Head restraints & seats ratings should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

Seat type

All seats

How this test is conducted

Seat typeAll seats
Geometry
Backset (mm)38
Distance below top of head (mm)14
Seat design parameters
Pass/failPass
Max T1 acceleration (g)12.0
Head contact time (ms)60
Force ratingLow
Neck forces
Max neck shear force (N)1
Max neck tension (N)323

Applies to 2013-14 models

System details

  • Optional EyeSight

Overall evaluation

Crash avoidance rating
Superior
with optional
equipment
6 points total

Forward collision warning

This system meets the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration's criteria for forward collision warning.
1 point

Low-speed autobrake

In the 12 mph IIHS test, this vehicle avoided a collision.
2 points

High-speed autobrake

In the 25 mph IIHS test, this vehicle avoided a collision.
3 points

Tested vehicle

2013 Subaru Outback 2.5i Limited wagon 4wd

How this rating is determined

©1996-2014, Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, Highway Loss Data Institute | www.iihs.org