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2016 Subaru Outback

Midsize car
Crashworthiness
  • Small overlap front
    G
  • Moderate overlap front
    G
  • Side
    G
  • Roof strength
    G
  • Head restraints & seats
    G

Crash avoidance & Mitigation
Front crash prevention
Crash avoidance rating
Superior
with optional
equipment

Headlights
A
only certain
trims

Child Seat Anchors (LATCH)
ease of use
M


Ratings shown are the latest available for this model year.
See below for ratings based on manufacture date.

Check for NHTSA recalls
Model year Front overlap SideRoof strengthHead restraints & seatsFront crash prevention
SmallModerate
2016
G
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
Superior
2015
G
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
Superior
2014
A
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
Superior
2013
A
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
Superior
2012
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
2011
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
2010
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
2009
G
Crash avoidance rating
2008
G
Crash avoidance rating
2007
G
Crash avoidance rating
2006
G
Crash avoidance rating
2005
A
Crash avoidance rating

Applies to 2015-16 models

Overall evaluation
G
Structure and safety cage
G
Injury measures
Head/neck
G
Chest
G
Hip/thigh
G
Lower leg/foot
G
Restraints and dummy kinematics
G
Important: Frontal crash test ratings should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

This rating applies to vehicles other than the specific model and body style tested.

The Subaru Legacy was redesigned for the 2015 model year. The small overlap frontal crash test ratings also apply to the station wagon version of the Legacy, known as the Outback, also redesigned for 2015.

Structure

The driver space was maintained well, with maximum intrusion of the lower interior of 9 cm at the lower hinge pillar. Upper interior intrusion measured 5-6 cm at the hinge pillar and instrument panel.

Injury measures

Measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.

Restraints and dummy kinematics

The dummy’s movement was well controlled. The dummy’s head loaded the frontal airbag, which stayed in front of the dummy until rebound. The side curtain airbag deployed and has sufficient forward coverage to protect the head from contact with side structure and outside objects.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle2015 Subaru Legacy 2.5i 4-door 4wd
Weight 3,481 lbs.
Side airbagsfront and rear head curtain airbags and front seat-mounted torso airbags
Wheelbase108 in.
Length189 in.
Width72 in.
Engine2.5 L 4-cylinder
EPA ratings26 mpg city / 36 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test IDCEN1433
Lower occupant compartment
Lower hinge pillar max (cm)9
Footrest (cm)7
Left toepan (cm)3
Brake pedal (cm)6
Parking brake (cm)
Rocker panel lateral average (cm)1
Upper occupant compartment
Steering column1
Upper hinge pillar max (cm)5
Upper dash (cm)6
Lower instrument panel (cm)6

Driver injury measures

Test IDCEN1433
Head
HIC-15120
Peak gs at hard contactno contact
Neck
Tension (kN)1.2
Extension bending moment (Nm)4
Maximum Nij 0.22
Chest maximum compression (mm)25
Femur (kN)
Left1.7
Right0.1
Knee displacement (mm)
Left4
Right1
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left0
Right0
Maximum tibia index
Left0.53
Right0.36
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left1.5
Right0.1
Foot acceleration (g)
Left65
Right43

Applies to 2015-16 models

Overall evaluation
G
Structure and safety cage
G
Injury measures
Head/neck
G
Chest
G
Leg/foot, left
G
Leg/foot, right
G
Restraints and dummy kinematics
G
Important: Frontal crash test ratings should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

This rating applies to vehicles other than the specific model and body style tested.

The Subaru Legacy was redesigned for the 2015 model year. Moderate overlap frontal ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test conducted by Subaru as part of frontal crash test verification.

The moderate overlap frontal crash test ratings also apply to the station wagon version of the Legacy, known as the Outback, also redesigned for 2015.

Injury measures

Measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.

Restraints and dummy kinematics

Dummy movement was well controlled. The driver and passenger side curtain airbags deployed during the crash. After the dummy moved forward into the frontal airbag, it rebounded into the seat without its head coming close to any stiff structure that could cause injury.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle2015 Subaru Legacy 2.5i Premium 4-door 4wd
Weight 3,452 lbs.
Side airbagsfront and rear head curtain airbags and front seat-mounted torso airbags
Wheelbase108 in.
Length189 in.
Width72 in.
Engine2.5 L 4-cylinder
EPA ratings26 mpg city / 36 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occcupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test IDVTF1404
Footwell intrusion
Footrest (cm)2
Left (cm)3
Center (cm)4
Right (cm)4
Brake pedal (cm)6
Instrument panel rearward movement
Left (cm)0
Right (cm)0
Steering column movement
Upward (cm)-3
Rearward (cm)-6
A-pillar rearward movement (cm)0

Driver injury measures

Test IDVTF1404
Head
HIC-15117
Peak gs at hard contactno contact
Neck
Tension (kN)1.2
Extension bending moment (Nm)20
Maximum Nij 0.27
Chest maximum compression (mm)32
Legs
Femur force - left (kN)0.4
Femur force - right (kN)0.6
Knee displacement - left (mm)1
Knee displacement - right (mm)1
Maximum tibia index - left0.48
Maximum tibia index - right0.55
Tibia axial force - left (kN)2.7
Tibia axial force - right (kN)2.4
Foot acceleration (g)
Left67
Right57

Applies to 2015-16 models

Overall evaluation
G
Structure and safety cage
G
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
G
Torso
G
Pelvis/leg
G
Head protection
G
Rear passenger injury measures
Head/neck
G
Torso
G
Pelvis/leg
G
Head protection
G
Side crash test ratings can be compared across vehicle categories.

The Subaru Outback was redesigned for the 2015 model year. Side ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test conducted by Subaru as part of side crash test verification.

Injury measures

Driver — Measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.

Passenger — Measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.

Head protection

Driver — The dummy’s head was protected from being hit by any hard structures, including the intruding barrier, by a side curtain airbag that deployed from the roof.

Passenger — The dummy’s head was protected from being hit by any hard structures, including the intruding barrier, by a side curtain airbag that deployed from the roof.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle2015 Subaru Outback 2.5i Premium 4-door 4wd
Weight 3,668 lbs.
Side airbagsstandard front and rear head curtain airbags and standard front seat-mounted torso airbags
Wheelbase108 in.
Length190 in.
Width72 in.
Engine2.5 L 4-cylinder
EPA ratings25 mpg city / 33 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test IDVTS1405
B-pillar to longitudinal centerline of driver's seat (cm)
Negative numbers indicate the amount by which the crush stopped short of the seat centerline.
-22.0

Driver injury measures

Test IDVTS1405
Head HIC-15112
Neck
Tension (kN)0.4
Compression (kN)0.3
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm)41
Lateral force (kN)1.3
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm)39
Average deflection (mm)30
Maximum deflection rate (m/s)2.76
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s)0.61
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN)0.5
Acetabulum force (kN)2.3
Combined force (kN)2.7
Left femur
L-M force (kN)1.0
L-M moment (Nm)106
A-P moment (Nm) 25

Passenger injury measures

Test IDVTS1405
Head HIC-15215
Neck
Tension (kN)0.2
Compression (kN)0.9
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm)27
Lateral force (kN)1.1
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm)20
Average deflection (mm)16
Maximum deflection rate (m/s)2.54
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s)0.21
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN)0.6
Acetabulum force (kN)1.6
Combined force (kN)2.0
Left femur
L-M force (kN)0.2
L-M moment (Nm)42
A-P moment (Nm) 16

Applies to 2015-16 models

Overall evaluation
G
Curb weight3,455 lbs
Peak force18,533 lbs
Strength-to-weight ratio5.36
Tested vehicle
Rating applies to both the Subaru Legacy (tested) and the structurally similar Subaru Outback.
2015 Subaru Legacy 2.5i 4-door 4wd
Roof strength test ratings can be compared across vehicle categories.

In the test, the strength of the roof is determined by pushing a metal plate against one side of it at a slow but constant speed. The force applied relative to the vehicle's weight is known as the strength-to-weight ratio. This graph shows how the ratio varied as the test of this vehicle progressed. The peak strength-to-weight ratio recorded at any time before the roof is crushed 5 inches is the key measurement of roof strength.

A good rating requires a strength-to-weight ratio of at least 4. In other words, the roof must withstand a force of at least 4 times the vehicle's weight before the plate crushes the roof by 5 inches. For an acceptable rating, the minimum required strength-to-weight ratio is 3.25. For a marginal rating, it is 2.5. Anything lower than that is poor.

How this test is conducted

Applies to 2015-16 models

Overall evaluation
G
Dynamic rating
G
Seat/head restraint geometry
G
Important: Ratings for head restraints & seats should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

Seat type

Power cloth seat

How this test is conducted

Seat typePower cloth seat
Geometry
Backset (mm)17
Distance below top of head (mm)-7
Seat design parameters
Pass/failPass
Max T1 acceleration (g)12.5
Head contact time (ms)50
Force rating1
Neck forces
Max neck shear force (N)0
Max neck tension (N)140

Applies to 2015-16 models

System details

  • Optional EyeSight

Package name

  • Optional EyeSight

Overall evaluation

Crash avoidance rating
Superior
with optional
equipment
6 points total

Forward collision warning

This system meets the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration's criteria for forward collision warning.
1 point

Low-speed autobrake

In the 12 mph IIHS test, this vehicle avoided a collision.
2 points

High-speed autobrake

In the 25 mph IIHS test, this vehicle avoided a collision.
3 points

How this rating is determined

Ratings are given for 4 different headlight variations available for this vehicle.
Trim level(s)
  • 3.6R Limited trim equipped with Eyesight Driver Assist Technology package
Low-beam headlight typeHID projector
High-beam headlight typeHalogen reflector
Curve-adaptive?Yes
Automatically switches between low beams and high beams (high-beam assist)?No
Overall rating
Applies to models built after November 2015
A
Distance at which headlights provide at least 5 lux illumination:
car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler 0 ft 100 ft 200 ft 300 ft 400 ft 500 ft 600 ft Low beams Optimal low-beam illumination High beams Optimal high-beam illumination

Low beams

On the straightaway, visibility was good on the right side of the road and fair on the left side. On curves, visibility was good on both right curves, fair on the sharp left curve and inadequate on the gradual left curve.

The low beams never created excessive glare.

High beams

On the straightaway, visibility was good on the right side of the road and fair on the left side. On curves, visibility was good on the gradual right curve and fair on the sharp right and both left curves.

How this test is conducted

Trim level(s)
  • 3.6R Limited trim
Low-beam headlight typeHID projector
High-beam headlight typeHalogen reflector
Curve-adaptive?No
Automatically switches between low beams and high beams (high-beam assist)?No
Overall rating
Applies to models built after November 2015
A
Distance at which headlights provide at least 5 lux illumination:
car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler 0 ft 100 ft 200 ft 300 ft 400 ft 500 ft 600 ft Low beams Optimal low-beam illumination High beams Optimal high-beam illumination

Low beams

On the straightaway, visibility was good on the right side of the road and fair on the left side. On curves, visibility was good on both right curves, fair on the sharp left curve and inadequate on the gradual left curve.

The low beams never created excessive glare.

High beams

On the straightaway, visibility was good on the right side of the road and fair on the left side. On curves, visibility was good on the gradual right curve and fair on the sharp right and both left curves.

How this test is conducted

Trim level(s)
  • 2.5i Premium trim equipped with Eyesight Driver Assist Technology package
  • 2.5i Limited trim equipped with Eyesight Driver Assist Technology package
Low-beam headlight typeHalogen projector
High-beam headlight typeHalogen reflector
Curve-adaptive?Yes
Automatically switches between low beams and high beams (high-beam assist)?No
Overall rating
P
Distance at which headlights provide at least 5 lux illumination:
car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler 0 ft 100 ft 200 ft 300 ft 400 ft 500 ft 600 ft Low beams Optimal low-beam illumination High beams Optimal high-beam illumination Excessive glare

Low beams

On the straightaway, visibility was good on the left side of the road and fair on the right side. On curves, visibility was fair on the sharp right and sharp left curves and inadequate on the gradual right and gradual left curves.

Glare from the low beams was excessive on the straightaway.

High beams

On the straightaway, visibility was good on both sides of the road. On curves, visibility was fair on the gradual right and gradual left curves and inadequate on the sharp right and sharp left curves.

How this test is conducted

Trim level(s)
  • 2.5i trim
  • 2.5i Premium trim
  • 2.5i Limited trim
Low-beam headlight typeHalogen projector
High-beam headlight typeHalogen reflector
Curve-adaptive?No
Automatically switches between low beams and high beams (high-beam assist)?No
Overall rating
P
Distance at which headlights provide at least 5 lux illumination:
car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler 0 ft 100 ft 200 ft 300 ft 400 ft 500 ft 600 ft Low beams Optimal low-beam illumination High beams Optimal high-beam illumination Excessive glare

Low beams

On the straightaway, visibility was good on the left side of the road and fair on the right side. On curves, visibility was inadequate in all 4 tests.

Glare from the low beams was excessive on the straightaway.

High beams

On the straightaway, visibility was good on both sides of the road. On curves, visibility was fair on the gradual right and gradual left curves and inadequate on the sharp right and sharp left curves.

How this test is conducted

Trim level(s)
  • 3.6R Limited trim equipped with Eyesight Driver Assist Technology package
Low-beam headlight typeHID projector
High-beam headlight typeHalogen reflector
Curve-adaptive?Yes
High-beam assist?No
Overall rating
Applies to 2016 models built after November 2015
A
LOW BEAMSAverage minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Acceptable glare?
Straightaway right edge95.0 mYes
Straightaway left edge50.2 mYes
250m radius right curve, right edge68.4 mYes
250m radius left curve, right edge46.3 mYes
150m radius right curve, right edge63.8 mYes
150m radius left curve, left edge51.6 mYes
HIGH BEAMSAverage minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Straightaway right edge163.9 m
Straightaway left edge133.0 m
250m radius right curve, right edge77.0 m
250m radius left curve, left edge70.3 m
150m radius right curve, right edge58.1 m
150m radius left curve, left edge55.2 m

Trim level(s)
  • 3.6R Limited trim
Low-beam headlight typeHID projector
High-beam headlight typeHalogen reflector
Curve-adaptive?No
High-beam assist?No
Overall rating
Applies to 2016 models built after November 2015
A
LOW BEAMSAverage minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Acceptable glare?
Straightaway right edge95.0 mYes
Straightaway left edge50.2 mYes
250m radius right curve, right edge68.8 mYes
250m radius left curve, right edge46.4 mYes
150m radius right curve, right edge55.2 mYes
150m radius left curve, left edge48.9 mYes
HIGH BEAMSAverage minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Straightaway right edge163.9 m
Straightaway left edge133.0 m
250m radius right curve, right edge77.0 m
250m radius left curve, left edge70.3 m
150m radius right curve, right edge58.1 m
150m radius left curve, left edge55.2 m

Trim level(s)
  • 2.5i Premium trim equipped with Eyesight Driver Assist Technology package
  • 2.5i Limited trim equipped with Eyesight Driver Assist Technology package
Low-beam headlight typeHalogen projector
High-beam headlight typeHalogen reflector
Curve-adaptive?Yes
High-beam assist?No
Overall rating
Applies to 2016 models
P
LOW BEAMSAverage minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Acceptable glare?
Straightaway right edge91.0 mNo
Straightaway left edge64.8 mNo
250m radius right curve, right edge54.4 mYes
250m radius left curve, left edge48.6 mYes
150m radius right curve, right edge48.3 mYes
150m radius left curve, right edge47.0 mYes
HIGH BEAMSAverage minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Straightaway right edge160.3 m
Straightaway left edge150.2 m
250m radius right curve, right edge68.2 m
250m radius left curve, left edge67.2 m
150m radius right curve, right edge50.4 m
150m radius left curve, left edge48.8 m

Trim level(s)
  • 2.5i trim
  • 2.5i Premium trim
  • 2.5i Limited trim
Low-beam headlight typeHalogen projector
High-beam headlight typeHalogen reflector
Curve-adaptive?No
High-beam assist?No
Overall rating
Applies to 2016 models
P
LOW BEAMSAverage minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Acceptable glare?
Straightaway right edge91.0 mNo
Straightaway left edge64.8 mNo
250m radius right curve, right edge54.0 mYes
250m radius left curve, left edge47.9 mYes
150m radius right curve, right edge44.9 mYes
150m radius left curve, left edge40.0 mYes
HIGH BEAMSAverage minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Straightaway right edge160.3 m
Straightaway left edge150.2 m
250m radius right curve, right edge68.2 m
250m radius left curve, left edge67.2 m
150m radius right curve, right edge50.4 m
150m radius left curve, left edge48.8 m

Applies to 2015-16 models

How this rating is determined

Overall evaluation

M
Vehicle trim3.6R Limited
Seat type leather

This vehicle has 2 rear seating positions with complete child seat attachment (LATCH) hardware.

It has 1 additional seating position with a tether anchor and the ability to borrow lower anchors from the other seating positions.

Note: When anchors are borrowed, they aren't available to use in their designated positions.

123


Good
Acceptable
Marginal
Poor
Seating positions that rely on borrowed lower anchors or have only a tether anchor available are not rated.
Tether anchor
Lower anchors
Lower anchor(s) can be borrowed from adjacent positions(s)
No hardware available

Details by seating position

1
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
too deep in seat
not too much force needed to attach
difficult to maneuver around anchors
2
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
no other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
Can be borrowed from 1 and 3
3
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
too deep in seat
not too much force needed to attach
difficult to maneuver around anchors

Seat position 21

3
Lower anchor A
Open access ratedNo
Depth (cm)4-6
Force (lbs)0
Clearance angle (degrees)45
Lower anchor B
Open access ratedNo
Depth (cm)4-6
Force (lbs)0
Clearance angle (degrees)51
Tether anchor
LocationMiddle seatback
Confusing hardware presentYes
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
No

Seat position 22

2
Lower anchor A
Lower latch is shared for this seat position
Lower anchor B
Lower latch is shared for this seat position
Tether anchor
LocationMiddle seatback
Confusing hardware presentNo
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
No

Seat position 23

1
Lower anchor A
Open access ratedNo
Depth (cm)4-6
Force (lbs)0
Clearance angle (degrees)49
Lower anchor B
Open access ratedNo
Depth (cm)4-6
Force (lbs)0
Clearance angle (degrees)47
Tether anchor
LocationMiddle seatback
Confusing hardware presentYes
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
No
1
Side airbags: front and rear head curtain airbags and front seat-mounted torso airbags
2
Rollover sensor: designed to deploy the side curtain airbags in the event of an impending rollover
3
Seat cushion airbags: separate airbags in the forward portion of the driver and passenger seat cushions to prevent occupants from sliding under the seat belts
4
Electronic stability control
5
Antilock brakes
6
Daytime running lights

©1996-2016, Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, Highway Loss Data Institute | www.iihs.org