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2014 Subaru Outback

Midsize car
2013 Subaru Outback shown
2013 Subaru Outback shown
Crashworthiness
  • Small overlap front
  • Driver-side
    A
  • Passenger-side
  • Moderate overlap front
    G
  • Side
    G
  • Roof strength
    G
  • Head restraints & seats
    G

Crash avoidance & Mitigation
Front crash prevention
Crash avoidance rating
Superior
with optional
equipment


Ratings shown are the latest available for this model year.
See below for ratings based on manufacture date.

Check for NHTSA recalls

The photos and videos shown here may be of a different model, model year or body type from the one selected. The ratings of one vehicle often apply to other models if they are built on the same platform. In addition, a test of a vehicle from one model year may apply to earlier or later model years if the vehicle hasn't been significantly redesigned.

Model year Small overlap front Moderate overlap front Side Roof strength Head restraints & seats Front crash prevention Headlights LATCH ease of use
Driver Passenger
2018
G
G
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
Superior
G
G
+
2017
G
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
Superior
A
M
2016
G
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
Superior
A
M
2015
G
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
Superior
M
2014
A
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
Superior
2013
A
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
Superior
2012
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
2011
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
2010
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
2009
G
Crash avoidance rating
2008
G
Crash avoidance rating
2007
G
Crash avoidance rating
2006
G
Crash avoidance rating
2005
A
Crash avoidance rating

Applies to 2013-14 models built after August 2012

Overall evaluation
A
Structure and safety cage
M
Injury measures
Head/neck
G
Chest
G
Hip/thigh
G
Lower leg/foot
G
Restraints and dummy kinematics
G
Important: Frontal crash test ratings should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

This rating applies to vehicles other than the specific model and body style tested.

The Subaru Outback was redesigned for the 2010 model year. Beginning with 2013 models built after August 2012, the side curtain airbags were reprogrammed to deploy in small overlap frontal crashes to improve occupant protection (note: information about when a specific vehicle was manufactured is on the certification label typically affixed to the car on or near the driver door).

The small overlap frontal crash test ratings also apply to the sedan version of the Outback, known as the Legacy, also with the reprogrammed side curtain airbags beginning with 2013 models built after August 2012. The tested car was a Legacy built after the side airbag modification was in place.

Structure

The driver space was not maintained well. Lower interior intrusion measured as much as 28 cm at the lower hinge pillar, and the instrument panel intruded 13-14 cm. The steering column was pushed back 8 cm toward the driver.

Injury measures

Measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.

Restraints and dummy kinematics

The dummy’s movement was well controlled. The dummy’s head loaded the frontal airbag, which stayed in front of the dummy until rebound. The side curtain airbag deployed and had sufficient forward coverage to protect the head from contact with side structure and outside objects.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle 2013 Subaru Legacy 2.5i Premium 4-door 4wd
Weight 3,384 lbs.
Side airbags front and rear head curtain airbags and front seat-mounted torso airbags
Wheelbase 108 in.
Length 187 in.
Width 72 in.
Engine 2.5 L 4-cylinder
EPA ratings 24 mpg city / 32 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CEN1228
Lower occupant compartment
Lower hinge pillar max (cm) 28
Footrest (cm) 20
Left toepan (cm) 12
Brake pedal (cm) 17
Parking brake (cm)
Rocker panel lateral average (cm) 0
Upper occupant compartment
Steering column 8
Upper hinge pillar max (cm) 11
Upper dash (cm) 14
Lower instrument panel (cm) 13

Driver injury measures

Test ID CEN1228
Head
HIC-15 110
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.4
Extension bending moment (Nm) 5
Maximum Nij 0.23
Chest maximum compression (mm) 24
Femur (kN)
Left 2.0
Right 1.0
Knee displacement (mm)
Left 10
Right 5
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left 0
Right 0
Maximum tibia index
Left 0.80
Right 0.59
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left 1.5
Right 4.0
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 67
Right 114

Applies to 2010-14 models

Overall evaluation
G
Structure and safety cage
G
Injury measures
Head/neck
G
Chest
G
Leg/foot, left
G
Leg/foot, right
G
Restraints and dummy kinematics
G
Important: Frontal crash test ratings should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

This rating applies to vehicles other than the specific model and body style tested.

The Subaru Outback wagon was redesigned for the 2010 model year. Frontal ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test conducted by Subaru on the similar Legacy 4-door sedan, also redesigned for 2010, as part of frontal crash test verification.

Injury measures

Measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.

Restraints and dummy kinematics

Dummy movement was well controlled. After the dummy moved forward into the airbag, it rebounded into the seat without its head coming close to any stiff structure that could cause injury.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle 2010 Subaru Legacy 4-door 4wd
Weight 3,355 lbs.
Side airbags front and rear head curtain airbags and front seat-mounted torso airbags
Wheelbase 108 in.
Length 186 in.
Width 72 in.
Engine 2.5 L 4-cylinder
EPA ratings 23 mpg city / 31 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occcupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID VTF0904
Footwell intrusion
Footrest (cm) 5
Left (cm) 7
Center (cm) 6
Right (cm) 4
Brake pedal (cm) 5
Instrument panel rearward movement
Left (cm) 0
Right (cm) 0
Steering column movement
Upward (cm) 0
Rearward (cm) -1
A-pillar rearward movement (cm) 0

Driver injury measures

Test ID VTF0904
Head
HIC-15 96
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.0
Extension bending moment (Nm) 33
Maximum Nij 0.30
Chest maximum compression (mm) 30
Legs
Femur force - left (kN) 0.4
Femur force - right (kN) 1.7
Knee displacement - left (mm) 4
Knee displacement - right (mm) 1
Maximum tibia index - left 0.44
Maximum tibia index - right 0.57
Tibia axial force - left (kN) 1.8
Tibia axial force - right (kN) 2.1
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 65
Right 51

Applies to 2010-14 models

Overall evaluation
G
Structure and safety cage
G
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
G
Torso
G
Pelvis/leg
G
Head protection
G
Rear passenger injury measures
Head/neck
G
Torso
G
Pelvis/leg
G
Head protection
G
Side crash test ratings can be compared across vehicle categories.

The Subaru Outback was redesigned for the 2010 model year. Two tests of the Outback were conducted, one by the Institute and the other by Subaru as part of side crash test verification. Ratings are based on both tests, but the vehicle specifications shown below are based on the Institute’s test.

Injury measures

Driver — In both tests, measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.

Passenger — In both tests, measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.

Head protection

Driver — In both tests, the dummy's head was protected from being hit by any hard structures, including the intruding barrier, by a side curtain airbag that deployed from the roof and a side airbag that deployed from the seat.

Passenger — In both tests, the dummy's head was protected from being hit by any hard structures, including the intruding barrier, by a side curtain airbag that deployed from the roof.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle 2010 Subaru Outback 2.5i wagon 4wd
Weight 3,484 lbs.
Side airbags standard front and rear head curtain airbags and standard front seat-mounted torso airbags
Wheelbase 108 in.
Length 188 in.
Width 72 in.
Engine 2.5 L 4-cylinder
EPA ratings 22 mpg city / 29 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID VTS0904 CES0918
B-pillar to longitudinal centerline of driver's seat (cm)
Negative numbers indicate the amount by which the crush stopped short of the seat centerline.
-15.0 -17.5

Driver injury measures

Test ID VTS0904 CES0918
Head HIC-15 91 116
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.4 0.7
Compression (kN) 0.6 0.0
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 19 36
Lateral force (kN) 1.3 1.2
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 32 33
Average deflection (mm) 29 27
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 3.77 2.42
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.38 0.44
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 1.7 1.2
Acetabulum force (kN) 2.9 3.1
Combined force (kN) 4.6 4.2
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 0.6 0.5
L-M moment (Nm) 68 45
A-P moment (Nm) -12 15

Passenger injury measures

Test ID VTS0904 CES0918
Head HIC-15 128 144
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.5 0.1
Compression (kN) 0.2 0.4
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 36 28
Lateral force (kN) 1.1 1.5
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 27 22
Average deflection (mm) 23 18
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 2.76 2.56
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.27 0.19
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 2.1 1.7
Acetabulum force (kN) 2.8 2.8
Combined force (kN) 4.8 4.2
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 0.3 0.5
L-M moment (Nm) 84 68
A-P moment (Nm) 47 -35

Applies to 2010-14 models

Overall evaluation
G
Curb weight 3,519 lbs
Peak force 16,458 lbs
Strength-to-weight ratio 4.68
Tested vehicle
2010 Subaru Outback 2.5i Premium wagon 4wd
Roof strength test ratings can be compared across vehicle categories.

In the test, the strength of the roof is determined by pushing a metal plate against one side of it at a slow but constant speed. The force applied relative to the vehicle's weight is known as the strength-to-weight ratio. This graph shows how the ratio varied as the test of this vehicle progressed. The peak strength-to-weight ratio recorded at any time before the roof is crushed 5 inches is the key measurement of roof strength.

A good rating requires a strength-to-weight ratio of at least 4. In other words, the roof must withstand a force of at least 4 times the vehicle's weight before the plate crushes the roof by 5 inches. For an acceptable rating, the minimum required strength-to-weight ratio is 3.25. For a marginal rating, it is 2.5. Anything lower than that is poor.

How this test is conducted

Applies to 2010-14 models

Overall evaluation
G
Dynamic rating
G
Seat/head restraint geometry
G
Important: Ratings for head restraints & seats should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

Seat type

All seats

How this test is conducted

Seat type All seats
Geometry
Backset (mm) 38
Distance below top of head (mm) 14
Seat design parameters
Pass/fail Pass
Max T1 acceleration (g) 12.0
Head contact time (ms) 60
Force rating 1
Neck forces
Max neck shear force (N) 1
Max neck tension (N) 323

Applies to 2013-14 models

System details

  • Optional EyeSight

Package name

  • Optional EyeSight

Overall evaluation

Crash avoidance rating
Superior
with optional
equipment
6 points total

Forward collision warning

This system meets the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration's criteria for forward collision warning.
1 point

Low-speed autobrake

In the 12 mph IIHS test, this vehicle avoided a collision.
2 points

High-speed autobrake

In the 25 mph IIHS test, this vehicle avoided a collision.
3 points

How this rating is determined

1
Side airbags: front and rear head curtain airbags and front seat-mounted torso airbags
2
Rollover sensor: designed to deploy the side curtain airbags in the event of an impending rollover (standard on Outback, not available on Legacy)
3
Electronic stability control
4
Antilock brakes
5
Daytime running lights

©1996-2016, Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, Highway Loss Data Institute | www.iihs.org