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2005 Subaru Legacy

Midsize moderately priced car
  • Moderate overlap front
    G
  • Side
    M
  • Head restraints & seats
    A
1
Side airbags: front and rear head curtain airbags and front seat-mounted torso airbags
2
Electronic stability control (standard beginning with 2009 models, optional on 2007-2008 models)
3
Antilock brakes
4
Daytime running lights
Model yearFront small overlapFront moderate overlapSideRoof strengthHead restraints & seats
2014
A
G
G
G
G
2013
A
G
G
G
G
2012
G
G
G
G
2011
G
G
G
G
2010
G
G
G
G
2009
G
G
G
2008
G
G
G
2007
G
G
G
2006
G
G
G
2005
G
M
A
2004
G
2003
G
2002
G
2001
G
2000
G
1999
A
1998
A
1997
A
1996
A
1995
A

Applies to 2005-09 models

Overall evaluation
G
Structure and safety cage
G
Injury measures
Head/neck
G
Chest
G
Leg/foot, left
G
Leg/foot, right
G
Restraints and dummy kinematics
G
Important: Frontal crash test ratings should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

The Subaru Legacy was redesigned for the 2005 model year.

The frontal offset crash test ratings also apply to the station wagon version of the Legacy for the 2005-07 model years (the Legacy wagon was discontinued after 2007). However, the ratings do not apply to Outback models.

Injury measures

Measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity. Head accelerations from the roof rail, grab handle, and sun visor hits were low.

Restraints and dummy kinematics

Dummy movement was well controlled. During rebound, the dummy's head hit the roof rail, grab handle, and sun visor.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle2005 Subaru Legacy 2.5i Limited 4-door 4wd
Weight 3,298 lbs.
Side airbagsfront and rear head curtain airbags and front seat-mounted torso airbags
Wheelbase105 in.
Length186 in.
Width68 in.
Engine2.5 L 4-cylinder
EPA ratings22 mpg city / 30 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occcupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test IDCEF0415
Footwell intrusion
Footrest (cm)2
Left (cm)8
Center (cm)8
Right (cm)5
Brake pedal (cm)1
Instrument panel rearward movement
Left (cm)0
Right (cm)0
Steering column movement
Upward (cm)4
Rearward (cm)2
A-pillar rearward movement (cm)0

Driver injury measures

Test IDCEF0415
Head
HIC-15201
Peak gs at hard contact25.000000
Neck
Tension (kN)1.2
Extension bending moment (Nm)10
Maximum Nij 0.34
Chest maximum compression (mm)35
Legs
Femur force - left (kN)0.5
Femur force - right (kN)1.4
Knee displacement - left (mm)1
Knee displacement - right (mm)2
Maximum tibia index - left0.63
Maximum tibia index - right0.63
Tibia axial force - left (kN)3.4
Tibia axial force - right (kN)3.3
Foot acceleration (g)
Left143
Right53

Applies to 2005 models

Overall evaluation
M
Structure and safety cage
A
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
G
Torso
P
Pelvis/leg
M
Head protection
G
Rear passenger injury measures
Head/neck
G
Torso
G
Pelvis/leg
G
Head protection
G
Side crash test ratings can be compared across vehicle categories.

The Subaru Legacy was redesigned for the 2005 model year.

The Insurance Institute for Highway Safety has evaluated the crashworthiness of the Legacy in two side-impact crashes. In the first test, the driver side curtain airbag deployed improperly, with the result that the driver dummy's head was hit by the impacting barrier. Subaru found that the side curtain airbag manufacturing facility had been assembling the airbags incorrectly. This led Subaru to correct the assembly process for the side curtain airbags on models produced after June 1, 2004. Also, Subaru initiated a safety recall to modify, at its cost, vehicles produced earlier. The Institute tested a second Legacy with the modified airbags, and the driver side curtain airbag inflated properly, preventing the driver dummy's head from being hit by the impacting barrier. Ratings of the Legacy are based on the results of the second test, except structural performance is based on both tests.

Injury measures

Driver — Measures taken from the dummy indicate that rib fractures and/or internal organ injuries would be likely in a crash of this severity. Loading to the shoulder was excessive. A fracture of the pelvis would also be possible.

Passenger — Measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.

Head protection

Driver — The dummy's head was protected from impact with any hard structures, including the intruding barrier, by a side curtain airbag that deployed from the roof.

Passenger — The dummy's head was protected from impact with any hard structures, including the intruding barrier, by a side curtain airbag that deployed from the roof.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle2005 Subaru Legacy 2.5i Limited 4-door 4wd
Weight 3,322 lbs.
Side airbagsstandard front and rear head curtain airbags and standard front seat-mounted torso airbags
Wheelbase105 in.
Length186 in.
Width68 in.
Engine2.5 L 4-cylinder
EPA ratings22 mpg city / 30 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test IDCES0408CES0411
B-pillar to longitudinal centerline of driver's seat (cm)
Negative numbers indicate the amount by which the crush stopped short of the seat centerline.
-13.5-9.0

Driver injury measures

Test IDCES0411
Head HIC-15360
Neck
Tension (kN)1.6
Compression (kN)0.2
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm)58
Lateral force (kN)4.3
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm)58
Average deflection (mm)50
Maximum deflection rate (m/s)6.19
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s)1.50
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN)2.5
Acetabulum force (kN)3.7
Combined force (kN)6.2
Left femur
L-M force (kN)0.5
L-M moment (Nm)160
A-P moment (Nm) 33

Passenger injury measures

Test IDCES0411
Head HIC-15384
Neck
Tension (kN)0.0
Compression (kN)1.2
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm)37
Lateral force (kN)1.6
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm)31
Average deflection (mm)27
Maximum deflection rate (m/s)3.44
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s)0.45
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN)0.9
Acetabulum force (kN)2.3
Combined force (kN)3.0
Left femur
L-M force (kN)0.6
L-M moment (Nm)85
A-P moment (Nm) -65

Applies to 2005 models

Overall evaluation
A
Dynamic rating
A
Seat/head restraint geometry
G
Important: Head restraints & seats ratings should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

Seat type

All seats (AHR)

How this test is conducted

Seat typeAll seats (AHR)
Geometry
Backset (mm)50
Distance below top of head (mm)58
Seat design parameters
Pass/failPass
Max T1 acceleration (g)10.4
Head contact time (ms)67
Force ratingModerate
Neck forces
Max neck shear force (N)79
Max neck tension (N)725

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