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2017 Subaru Crosstrek

Small car
2015 Subaru Crosstrek shown
2015 Subaru Crosstrek shown
Crashworthiness
  • Small overlap front
    G
  • Moderate overlap front
    G
  • Side
    G
  • Roof strength
    G
  • Head restraints & seats
    G

Crash avoidance & Mitigation
Front crash prevention
Crash avoidance rating
Superior
with optional
equipment

Headlights
P

Child Seat Anchors (LATCH)
ease of use
M

Check for NHTSA recalls
Model year Front overlap Side Roof strength Head restraints & seats Front crash prevention
Small Moderate
2017
G
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
Superior
2016
G
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
Superior
2015
G
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
Superior
2014
G
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
Not available
2013
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
Not available

Applies to 2014-17 models

Overall evaluation
G
Structure and safety cage
G
Injury measures
Head/neck
G
Chest
G
Hip/thigh
G
Lower leg/foot
G
Restraints and dummy kinematics
G
Important: Frontal crash test ratings should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

This rating applies to vehicles other than the specific model and body style tested.

The Subaru Impreza, not including the WRX performance models, was redesigned for the 2012 model year. Beginning with 2014 models, structural changes were made to improve occupant protection primarily in small overlap frontal crashes. These changes (and ratings) apply to the 4-door sedan and wagon (5-door) versions of the Impreza and to the Crosstrek, a wagon with increased ground clearance introduced in the 2013 model year (originally known as the XV Crosstrek).

Structure

The driver space was maintained well, with maximum intrusion of the lower interior of 12 cm at the footrest and maximum intrusion of the upper interior of 4 cm.

Injury measures

Measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.

Restraints and dummy kinematics

The dummy’s movement was well controlled. The dummy’s head loaded the frontal airbag, which stayed in front of the dummy until rebound. The side curtain airbag deployed and had sufficient forward coverage to protect the head from contact with side structure and outside objects.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle 2014 Subaru Impreza 2.0i wagon 4wd
Weight 3,024 lbs.
Side airbags front and rear head curtain airbags and front seat-mounted torso airbags
Wheelbase 104 in.
Length 174 in.
Width 69 in.
Engine 2.0 L 4-cylinder
EPA ratings 27 mpg city / 36 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CEN1337
Lower occupant compartment
Lower hinge pillar max (cm) 6
Footrest (cm) 12
Left toepan (cm) 7
Brake pedal (cm) 7
Parking brake (cm)
Rocker panel lateral average (cm) 2
Upper occupant compartment
Steering column 0
Upper hinge pillar max (cm) 2
Upper dash (cm) 4
Lower instrument panel (cm) 4

Driver injury measures

Test ID CEN1337
Head
HIC-15 133
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.0
Extension bending moment (Nm) 9
Maximum Nij 0.20
Chest maximum compression (mm) 26
Femur (kN)
Left 1.0
Right 1.1
Knee displacement (mm)
Left 1
Right 1
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left 0
Right 0
Maximum tibia index
Left 0.68
Right 0.43
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left 2.1
Right 2.4
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 96
Right 59

Applies to 2014-17 models

Overall evaluation
G
Structure and safety cage
G
Injury measures
Head/neck
G
Chest
G
Leg/foot, left
G
Leg/foot, right
G
Restraints and dummy kinematics
G
Important: Frontal crash test ratings should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

This rating applies to vehicles other than the specific model and body style tested.

The Subaru Impreza, not including the WRX performance models, was redesigned for the 2012 model year. Beginning with 2014 models, structural changes were made to improve occupant protection primarily in small overlap frontal crashes but also in moderate overlap frontal crashes. These changes (and ratings) apply to the 4-door sedan and wagon (5-door) versions of the Impreza and to the Crosstrek, a wagon with increased ground clearance introduced in the 2013 model year (originally known as the XV Crosstrek).

Moderate offset frontal ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test conducted by Subaru as part of frontal crash test verification.

Injury measures

Measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.

Restraints and dummy kinematics

Dummy movement was well controlled. The driver and passenger side curtain and side torso airbags deployed during the crash. After the dummy moved forward into the frontal airbag, it rebounded into the seat without its head coming close to any stiff structure that could cause injury.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle 2014 Subaru Impreza 2.0i Premium 4-door 4wd
Weight 3,142 lbs.
Side airbags front and rear head curtain airbags and front seat-mounted torso airbags
Wheelbase 104 in.
Length 180 in.
Width 69 in.
Engine 2.0 L 4-cylinder
EPA ratings 27 mpg city / 36 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occcupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID VTF1309
Footwell intrusion
Footrest (cm) 3
Left (cm) 5
Center (cm) 8
Right (cm) 7
Brake pedal (cm) 7
Instrument panel rearward movement
Left (cm) 1
Right (cm) 2
Steering column movement
Upward (cm) 0
Rearward (cm) -6
A-pillar rearward movement (cm) 0

Driver injury measures

Test ID VTF1309
Head
HIC-15 132
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.3
Extension bending moment (Nm) 15
Maximum Nij 0.23
Chest maximum compression (mm) 34
Legs
Femur force - left (kN) 1.7
Femur force - right (kN) 1.8
Knee displacement - left (mm) 2
Knee displacement - right (mm) 1
Maximum tibia index - left 0.54
Maximum tibia index - right 0.39
Tibia axial force - left (kN) 2.8
Tibia axial force - right (kN) 2.7
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 62
Right 66

Applies to 2013-17 models

Overall evaluation
G
Structure and safety cage
A
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
G
Torso
G
Pelvis/leg
G
Head protection
G
Rear passenger injury measures
Head/neck
G
Torso
G
Pelvis/leg
G
Head protection
G
Side crash test ratings can be compared across vehicle categories.

This rating applies to vehicles other than the specific model and body style tested.

The Subaru Impreza, not including the WRX performance models, was redesigned for the 2012 model year. Side ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test conducted by Subaru as part of side crash test verification. The side ratings apply to the 4-door sedan and wagon (5-door) versions of the Impreza and to the Crosstrek, a wagon with increased ground clearance introduced in the 2013 model year (originally known as the XV Crosstrek).

Injury measures

Driver — Measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.

Passenger — Measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.

Head protection

Driver — The dummy's head was protected from being hit by any hard structures, including the intruding barrier, by a side curtain airbag that deployed from the roof.

Passenger — The dummy's head was protected from being hit by any hard structures, including the intruding barrier, by a side curtain airbag that deployed from the roof.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle 2012 Subaru Impreza 2.0i Premium 4-door 4wd
Weight 3,018 lbs.
Side airbags standard front and rear head curtain airbags and standard front seat-mounted torso airbags
Wheelbase 104 in.
Length 180 in.
Width 69 in.
Engine 2.0 L 4-cylinder
EPA ratings 27 mpg city / 36 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID VTS1111
B-pillar to longitudinal centerline of driver's seat (cm)
Negative numbers indicate the amount by which the crush stopped short of the seat centerline.
-11.0

Driver injury measures

Test ID VTS1111
Head HIC-15 316
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.3
Compression (kN) 0.7
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 47
Lateral force (kN) 1.8
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 32
Average deflection (mm) 28
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 3.37
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.50
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 2.0
Acetabulum force (kN) 2.3
Combined force (kN) 4.3
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 1.0
L-M moment (Nm) 147
A-P moment (Nm) -55

Passenger injury measures

Test ID VTS1111
Head HIC-15 324
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.7
Compression (kN) 0.4
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 41
Lateral force (kN) 1.5
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 32
Average deflection (mm) 28
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 3.46
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.49
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 1.0
Acetabulum force (kN) 1.8
Combined force (kN) 2.0
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 1.2
L-M moment (Nm) 181
A-P moment (Nm) 29

Applies to 2013-17 models

Overall evaluation
G
Curb weight 2,985 lbs
Peak force 15,525 lbs
Strength-to-weight ratio 5.20
Tested vehicle
Rating applies to both the Impreza 4-door sedan and wagon (5-door) versions and to the structurally identical Crosstrek.
2012 Subaru Impreza 2.0i wagon 4wd
Roof strength test ratings can be compared across vehicle categories.

In the test, the strength of the roof is determined by pushing a metal plate against one side of it at a slow but constant speed. The force applied relative to the vehicle's weight is known as the strength-to-weight ratio. This graph shows how the ratio varied as the test of this vehicle progressed. The peak strength-to-weight ratio recorded at any time before the roof is crushed 5 inches is the key measurement of roof strength.

A good rating requires a strength-to-weight ratio of at least 4. In other words, the roof must withstand a force of at least 4 times the vehicle's weight before the plate crushes the roof by 5 inches. For an acceptable rating, the minimum required strength-to-weight ratio is 3.25. For a marginal rating, it is 2.5. Anything lower than that is poor.

How this test is conducted

Applies to 2013-17 models

Overall evaluation
G
Dynamic rating
G
Seat/head restraint geometry
G
Important: Ratings for head restraints & seats should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

Seat type

Manual cloth seat

How this test is conducted

Seat type Manual cloth seat
Geometry
Backset (mm) 36
Distance below top of head (mm) 2
Seat design parameters
Pass/fail Pass
Max T1 acceleration (g) 10.9
Head contact time (ms) 62
Force rating 1
Neck forces
Max neck shear force (N) 0
Max neck tension (N) 398

Applies to 2015-17 models

System details

  • Optional EyeSight

Package name

  • Optional EyeSight

Overall evaluation

Crash avoidance rating
Superior
with optional
equipment
6 points total

Forward collision warning

This system meets the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration's criteria for forward collision warning.
1 point

Low-speed autobrake

In the 12 mph IIHS test, this vehicle avoided a collision.
2 points

High-speed autobrake

In the 25 mph IIHS test, this vehicle avoided a collision.
3 points

How this rating is determined

Ratings are given for 2 different headlight variations available for this vehicle.
Trim level(s)
  • 2.0i Premium trim equipped with EyeSight Driver Assist package
  • 2.0i Limited trim equipped with EyeSight Driver Assist package
Low-beam headlight type Halogen reflector
High-beam headlight type Halogen reflector
Curve-adaptive? Yes
Automatically switches between low beams and high beams (high-beam assist)? No
Overall rating
P
Distance at which headlights provide at least 5 lux illumination:
car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler 0 ft 100 ft 200 ft 300 ft 400 ft 500 ft 600 ft Low beams Optimal low-beam illumination High beams Optimal high-beam illumination Excessive glare

Low beams

On the straightaway, visibility was good on both sides of the road. On curves, visibility was fair on the sharp left and both right curves and inadequate on the gradual left curve.

The low beams created excessive glare.

High beams

On the straightaway, visibility was good on both sides of the road. On curves, visibility was fair on the gradual right and both left curves and inadequate on the sharp right curve.

How this test is conducted

Trim level(s)
  • 2.0i trim
  • 2.0i Premium trim
  • 2.0i Limited trim
Low-beam headlight type Halogen reflector
High-beam headlight type Halogen reflector
Curve-adaptive? No
Automatically switches between low beams and high beams (high-beam assist)? No
Overall rating
P
Distance at which headlights provide at least 5 lux illumination:
car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler 0 ft 100 ft 200 ft 300 ft 400 ft 500 ft 600 ft Low beams Optimal low-beam illumination High beams Optimal high-beam illumination Excessive glare

Low beams

On the straightaway, visibility was good on both sides of the road. On curves, visibility was fair in all 4 tests.

The low beams created excessive glare.

High beams

On the straightaway, visibility was good on both sides of the road. On curves, visibility was fair on the gradual right and both left curves and inadequate on the sharp right curve.

How this test is conducted

Trim level(s)
  • 2.0i Premium trim equipped with EyeSight Driver Assist package
  • 2.0i Limited trim equipped with EyeSight Driver Assist package
Low-beam headlight type Halogen reflector
High-beam headlight type Halogen reflector
Curve-adaptive? Yes
High-beam assist? No
Overall rating
Applies to 2016-17 models
P
LOW BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Amount glare
exceeded threshold
Straightaway right edge 99.8 m 305.6 %
Straightaway left edge 72.7 m 305.6 %
250m radius right curve, right edge 55.4 m None
250m radius left curve, left edge 54.7 m 28.0 %
150m radius right curve, right edge 49.1 m None
150m radius left curve, left edge 50.6 m 4.9 %
HIGH BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Straightaway right edge 176.9 m
Straightaway left edge 181.1 m
250m radius right curve, right edge 65.3 m
250m radius left curve, left edge 69.6 m
150m radius right curve, right edge 51.4 m
150m radius left curve, left edge 55.2 m

Trim level(s)
  • 2.0i trim
  • 2.0i Premium trim
  • 2.0i Limited trim
Low-beam headlight type Halogen reflector
High-beam headlight type Halogen reflector
Curve-adaptive? No
High-beam assist? No
Overall rating
Applies to 2016-17 models
P
LOW BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Amount glare
exceeded threshold
Straightaway right edge 99.8 m 305.6 %
Straightaway left edge 72.7 m 305.6 %
250m radius right curve, right edge 56.3 m 5.9 %
250m radius left curve, left edge 55.1 m 41.1 %
150m radius right curve, right edge 46.2 m 0.7 %
150m radius left curve, left edge 48.1 m 22.2 %
HIGH BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Straightaway right edge 176.9 m
Straightaway left edge 181.1 m
250m radius right curve, right edge 65.3 m
250m radius left curve, left edge 69.6 m
150m radius right curve, right edge 51.4 m
150m radius left curve, left edge 55.2 m

Applies to 2015-17 models

How this rating is determined

Overall evaluation

M
Vehicle trim 2.0i Premium
Seat type cloth

This vehicle has 2 rear seating positions with complete child seat attachment (LATCH) hardware.

It has 1 additional seating position with a tether anchor and the ability to borrow lower anchors from the other seating positions.

Note: When anchors are borrowed, they aren't available to use in their designated positions.

1 2 3


Good
Acceptable
Marginal
Poor
Seating positions that rely on borrowed lower anchors or have only a tether anchor available are not rated.
Tether anchor
Lower anchors
Lower anchor(s) can be borrowed from adjacent positions(s)
No hardware available

Details by seating position

1
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
no other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
too deep in seat
not too much force needed to attach
difficult to maneuver around anchors
2
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
no other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
Can be borrowed from 1 and 3
3
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
no other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
too deep in seat
not too much force needed to attach
difficult to maneuver around anchors

Seat position 21

3
Lower anchor A
Open access rated No
Depth (cm) 2-4
Force (lbs) 7
Clearance angle (degrees) 49
Lower anchor B
Open access rated No
Depth (cm) 2-4
Force (lbs) 7
Clearance angle (degrees) 55
Tether anchor
Location Middle seatback
Confusing hardware present Yes
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
Yes

Seat position 22

2
Lower anchor A
Lower latch is shared for this seat position
Lower anchor B
Lower latch is shared for this seat position
Tether anchor
Location Middle seatback
Confusing hardware present No
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
Yes

Seat position 23

1
Lower anchor A
Open access rated No
Depth (cm) 4-6
Force (lbs) 7
Clearance angle (degrees) 57
Lower anchor B
Open access rated No
Depth (cm) 4-6
Force (lbs) 11
Clearance angle (degrees) 53
Tether anchor
Location Middle seatback
Confusing hardware present Yes
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
Yes
1
Side airbags: front and rear head curtain airbags and front seat-mounted torso airbags
2
Rollover sensor: designed to deploy the side curtain airbags in the event of an impending rollover
3
Driver knee airbag: a separate airbag in the lower instrument panel designed to minimize knee injuries in frontal crashes
4
Electronic stability control
5
Antilock brakes
6
Daytime running lights

©1996-2016, Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, Highway Loss Data Institute | www.iihs.org