Home » Ratings

2014 Smart Fortwo

Microcar

Crashworthiness
Front crash
prevention
Crash avoidance rating
Not Available
  • Moderate overlap front
    G
  • Side
    G
  • Roof strength
    G
  • Head restraints & seats
    A
2009 Smart Fortwo shown
2009 Smart Fortwo shown
1
Side airbags: front head curtain airbags and front seat-mounted torso airbags
2
Driver and front passenger knee airbags: separate airbags in the lower instrument panel designed to minimize knee injuries in frontal crashes
3
Electronic stability control
4
Antilock brakes
5
Daytime running lights
Model yearFront small overlapFront moderate overlapSideRoof strengthHead restraints & seats
2014
G
G
G
A
2013
G
G
G
A
2012
G
G
G
A
2011
G
G
A
2010
G
G
G
A
2009
G
G
G
A
2008
G
G
G
A

Applies to 2011-14 models

Overall evaluation
G
Structure and safety cage
G
Injury measures
Head/neck
G
Chest
G
Leg/foot, left
G
Leg/foot, right
G
Restraints and dummy kinematics
G
Important: Frontal crash test ratings should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

The Smart Fortwo was introduced in the 2008 model year. As its name implies, the Smart seats only two people; there is no rear seat. Beginning with 2011 models, driver and passenger knee airbags were added and structural changes were made to improve occupant protection in frontal crashes. Frontal ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test conducted by Mercedes, the manufacturer of the Smart, as part of frontal crash test verification.

Injury measures

Measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.

Restraints and dummy kinematics

Dummy movement was well controlled. After the dummy moved forward into the airbag, it rebounded into the seat without its head coming close to any stiff structure that could cause injury.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle2011 Smart Fortwo Passion 2-door
Weight 1,812 lbs.
Side airbagsfront head curtain airbags and front seat-mounted torso airbags
Wheelbase74 in.
Length106 in.
Width61 in.
Engine1.0 L 3-cylinder
EPA ratings33 mpg city / 41 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occcupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test IDVTF1102
Footwell intrusion
Footrest (cm)5
Left (cm)6
Center (cm)13
Right (cm)2
Brake pedal (cm)3
Instrument panel rearward movement
Left (cm)1
Right (cm)1
Steering column movement
Upward (cm)-1
Rearward (cm)4
A-pillar rearward movement (cm)0

Driver injury measures

Test IDVTF1102
Head
HIC-15234
Peak gs at hard contactno contact
Neck
Tension (kN)1.4
Extension bending moment (Nm)15
Maximum Nij 0.30
Chest maximum compression (mm)22
Legs
Femur force - left (kN)1.8
Femur force - right (kN)1.4
Knee displacement - left (mm)1
Knee displacement - right (mm)2
Maximum tibia index - left0.23
Maximum tibia index - right0.50
Tibia axial force - left (kN)2.0
Tibia axial force - right (kN)2.7
Foot acceleration (g)
Left55
Right83

Applies to 2012-14 models

Overall evaluation
G
Structure and safety cage
G
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
G
Torso
A
Pelvis/leg
A
Head protection
G
Rear passenger injury measures
Head/neck
Torso
Pelvis/leg
Head protection
Side crash test ratings can be compared across vehicle categories.

The Smart Fortwo was introduced in the 2008 model year. As its name implies, the Smart seats only two people; there is no rear seat. Beginning with 2011 models, head curtain airbags and separate seat-mounted side torso airbags replaced the combination seat-mounted head and torso side airbags used in earlier models. Modifications were also made to the door structure.

Beginning with 2012 models built after June 2012, the head curtain airbags were modified (note: information about when a specific vehicle was manufactured is on the certification label typically affixed to the car on or near the driver door). Side ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test conducted by Mercedes, the manufacturer of the Smart, as part of side crash test verification. (The newly tested car was designated as a 2011 model but included the head curtain airbag changes of 2012 models built after June 2012.)

Injury measures

Driver — Measures taken from the dummy indicate that rib fractures and/or internal organ injuries plus a fracture of the pelvis would be possible in a crash of this severity.

Passenger —

Head protection

Driver — The dummy's head was protected from being hit by any hard structures, including the intruding barrier, by a side curtain airbag that deployed from the roof.

Passenger —

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle2011 Smart Fortwo Passion 2-door
Weight 1,828 lbs.
Side airbagsstandard front head curtain airbags and standard front seat-mounted torso airbags
Wheelbase74 in.
Length106 in.
Width61 in.
Engine1.0 L 3-cylinder
EPA ratings33 mpg city / 41 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test IDVTS1119
B-pillar to longitudinal centerline of driver's seat (cm)
Negative numbers indicate the amount by which the crush stopped short of the seat centerline.
-14.0

Driver injury measures

Test IDVTS1119
Head HIC-15479
Neck
Tension (kN)1.4
Compression (kN)0.4
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm)50
Lateral force (kN)1.7
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm)44
Average deflection (mm)37
Maximum deflection rate (m/s)5.75
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s)1.10
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN)2.6
Acetabulum force (kN)3.3
Combined force (kN)5.5
Left femur
L-M force (kN)0.5
L-M moment (Nm)44
A-P moment (Nm) 152

Passenger injury measures

Test IDVTS1119
Head HIC-15
Neck
Tension (kN)
Compression (kN)
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm)
Lateral force (kN)
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm)
Average deflection (mm)
Maximum deflection rate (m/s)
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s)
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN)
Acetabulum force (kN)
Combined force (kN)
Left femur
L-M force (kN)
L-M moment (Nm)
A-P moment (Nm)

Applies to 2008-14 models

Overall evaluation
G
Curb weight1,828 lbs
Peak force9,896 lbs
Strength-to-weight ratio5.41
Tested vehicle
2009 Smart Fortwo Pure 2-door
Roof strength test ratings can be compared across vehicle categories.

How this test is conducted

Applies to 2008-14 models

Overall evaluation
A
Dynamic rating
A
Seat/head restraint geometry
G
Important: Ratings for head restraints & seats should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

Seat type

Manual cloth seats

How this test is conducted

Seat typeManual cloth seats
Geometry
Backset (mm)64
Distance below top of head (mm)23
Seat design parameters
Pass/failFail
Max T1 acceleration (g)14.4
Head contact time (ms)79
Force ratingLow
Neck forces
Max neck shear force (N)13
Max neck tension (N)580

Applies to 2013-15 models

Overall evaluation

Crash avoidance rating
Not Available
0 points total

Forward collision warning

Not available.
0 points

Low-speed autobrake

Not available.
0 points

High-speed autobrake

Not available.
0 points

How this rating is determined

©1996-2014, Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, Highway Loss Data Institute | www.iihs.org