Home » Ratings » Scion xD » 2013

2013 Scion xD

Small car

Crashworthiness
Front crash
prevention
Crash avoidance rating
Not Available
  • Moderate overlap front
    G
  • Side
    G
  • Roof strength
    G
  • Head restraints & seats
    G
1
Side airbags: front and rear head curtain airbags and front seat-mounted torso airbags
2
Seat cushion airbags: separate airbags in the forward portion of the driver and passenger seat cushions to prevent occupants from sliding under the seat belts
3
Electronic stability control
4
Antilock brakes
Model yearFront small overlapFront moderate overlapSideRoof strengthHead restraints & seats
2014
G
G
G
G
2013
G
G
G
G
2012
G
G
G
G
2011
A
G
G
G
2010
A
G
G
G
2009
A
G
G
G
2008
A
G
G
G

Applies to 2013-14 models

Overall evaluation
G
Structure and safety cage
G
Injury measures
Head/neck
A
Chest
G
Leg/foot, left
G
Leg/foot, right
A
Restraints and dummy kinematics
G
Important: Frontal crash test ratings should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

The Scion xD was introduced in the 2008 model year. Beginning with 2012 models, modifications were made to the front seat belts to improve occupant protection in frontal crashes. Beginning with 2013 models, further modifications were made, including the addition of seat cushion airbags to the driver and front passenger seats.

Moderate overlap frontal ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test of a 2013 model Scion xD conducted by Toyota as part of frontal crash test verification. Because the structure was not changed, the structure rating is based on this test and earlier tests of the 2008 and 2012 models of the car.

Injury measures

Measures taken from the neck and chest indicate low risk of injuries to these body regions in a crash of this severity. A high head acceleration occurred when the dummy's head hit the steering wheel through the airbag, indicating that head injuries would be possible. Forces on the right tibia indicate that injuries to the lower leg would also be possible. Head acceleration from the roof rail hit was low.

Restraints and dummy kinematics

Dummy movement was well controlled. During rebound, the dummy's head hit the roof rail.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle2013 Scion xD
Weight 2,663 lbs.
Side airbagsfront and rear head curtain airbags and front seat-mounted torso airbags
Wheelbase97 in.
Length155 in.
Width68 in.
Engine1.8 L 4-cylinder
EPA ratings27 mpg city / 33 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occcupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test IDCEF0721CEF1110VTF1214
Footwell intrusion
Footrest (cm)343
Left (cm)91011
Center (cm)676
Right (cm)566
Brake pedal (cm)526
Instrument panel rearward movement
Left (cm)233
Right (cm)121
Steering column movement
Upward (cm)20-2
Rearward (cm)314
A-pillar rearward movement (cm)111

Driver injury measures

Test IDVTF1214
Head
HIC-15284
Peak gs at hard contact103
Neck
Tension (kN)2.5
Extension bending moment (Nm)28
Maximum Nij 0.55
Chest maximum compression (mm)36
Legs
Femur force - left (kN)2.3
Femur force - right (kN)1.5
Knee displacement - left (mm)1
Knee displacement - right (mm)1
Maximum tibia index - left0.46
Maximum tibia index - right0.81
Tibia axial force - left (kN)1.9
Tibia axial force - right (kN)2.4
Foot acceleration (g)
Left69
Right117

Applies to 2008-14 models

Overall evaluation
G
Structure and safety cage
A
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
G
Torso
G
Pelvis/leg
G
Head protection
G
Rear passenger injury measures
Head/neck
G
Torso
G
Pelvis/leg
G
Head protection
G
Side crash test ratings can be compared across vehicle categories.

The Scion xD was introduced in the 2008 model year.

Injury measures

Driver — Measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.

Passenger — Measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.

Head protection

Driver — The dummy's head was protected from being hit by any hard structures, including the intruding barrier, by a side curtain airbag that deployed from the roof.

Passenger — The dummy's head was protected from being hit by any hard structures, including the intruding barrier, by a side curtain airbag that deployed from the roof.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle2008 Scion xD 4-door
Weight 2,643 lbs.
Side airbagsstandard front and rear head curtain airbags and standard front seat-mounted torso airbags
Wheelbase97 in.
Length155 in.
Width68 in.
Engine1.8 L 4-cylinder
EPA ratings26 mpg city / 32 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test IDCES0736
B-pillar to longitudinal centerline of driver's seat (cm)
Negative numbers indicate the amount by which the crush stopped short of the seat centerline.
-12.0

Driver injury measures

Test IDCES0736
Head HIC-15276
Neck
Tension (kN)0.8
Compression (kN)0.0
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm)47
Lateral force (kN)2.2
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm)34
Average deflection (mm)26
Maximum deflection rate (m/s)2.28
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s)0.47
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN)1.9
Acetabulum force (kN)2.6
Combined force (kN)4.5
Left femur
L-M force (kN)0.9
L-M moment (Nm)138
A-P moment (Nm) 33

Passenger injury measures

Test IDCES0736
Head HIC-15151
Neck
Tension (kN)0.3
Compression (kN)0.3
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm)35
Lateral force (kN)1.6
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm)38
Average deflection (mm)31
Maximum deflection rate (m/s)3.66
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s)0.56
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN)1.7
Acetabulum force (kN)3.4
Combined force (kN)4.8
Left femur
L-M force (kN)1.2
L-M moment (Nm)117
A-P moment (Nm) -38

Applies to 2008-14 models

Overall evaluation
G
Curb weight2,641 lbs
Peak force15,171 lbs
Strength-to-weight ratio5.74
Tested vehicle
2011 Scion xD 4-door
Roof strength test ratings can be compared across vehicle categories.

In the test, the strength of the roof is determined by pushing a metal plate against one side of it at a slow but constant speed. The force applied relative to the vehicle's weight is known as the strength-to-weight ratio. This graph shows how the ratio varied as the test of this vehicle progressed. The peak strength-to-weight ratio recorded at any time before the roof is crushed 5 inches is the key measurement of roof strength.

A good rating requires a strength-to-weight ratio of at least 4. In other words, the roof must withstand a force of at least 4 times the vehicle's weight before the plate crushes the roof by 5 inches. For an acceptable rating, the minimum required strength-to-weight ratio is 3.25. For a marginal rating, it is 2.5. Anything lower than that is poor.

How this test is conducted

Applies to 2008-14 models

Overall evaluation
G
Dynamic rating
G
Seat/head restraint geometry
G
Important: Ratings for head restraints & seats should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

Seat type

Manual cloth seats (AHR)

How this test is conducted

Seat typeManual cloth seats (AHR)
Geometry
Backset (mm)50
Distance below top of head (mm)54
Seat design parameters
Pass/failPass
Max T1 acceleration (g)14.5
Head contact time (ms)65
Force ratingLow
Neck forces
Max neck shear force (N)1
Max neck tension (N)416

Applies to 2013-14 models

Overall evaluation

Crash avoidance rating
Not Available
0 points total

Forward collision warning

Not available.
0 points

Low-speed autobrake

Not available.
0 points

High-speed autobrake

Not available.
0 points

How this rating is determined

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