Home » Ratings » Scion xD » 2008

2008 Scion xD

Small car
  • Moderate overlap front
    A
  • Side
    G
  • Roof strength
    G
  • Head restraints & seats
    G
1
Side airbags: front and rear head curtain airbags and front seat-mounted torso airbags
2
Electronic stability control (standard beginning with 2010 models, optional on 2008-09 models)
3
Antilock brakes
Model yearFront small overlapFront moderate overlapSideRoof strengthHead restraints & seats
2014
G
G
G
G
2013
G
G
G
G
2012
G
G
G
G
2011
A
G
G
G
2010
A
G
G
G
2009
A
G
G
G
2008
A
G
G
G

Applies to 2008-11 models

Overall evaluation
A
Structure and safety cage
G
Injury measures
Head/neck
A
Chest
A
Leg/foot, left
G
Leg/foot, right
G
Restraints and dummy kinematics
G
Important: Frontal crash test ratings should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

The Scion xD was introduced in the 2008 model year.

Injury measures

Measures taken from the head and both legs indicate low risk of injuries to these body regions in a crash of this severity. Forces on the neck and chest when the dummy moved forward into the airbag indicate that injuries to these parts of the body would be possible. Head acceleration from the roof rail hit was low.

Restraints and dummy kinematics

Dummy movement was well controlled. During rebound, the dummy's head hit the roof rail.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle2008 Scion xD 4-door
Weight 2,635 lbs.
Side airbagsfront and rear head curtain airbags and front seat-mounted torso airbags
Wheelbase97 in.
Length155 in.
Width68 in.
Engine1.8 L 4-cylinder
EPA ratings26 mpg city / 32 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occcupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test IDCEF0721
Footwell intrusion
Footrest (cm)3
Left (cm)9
Center (cm)6
Right (cm)5
Brake pedal (cm)5
Instrument panel rearward movement
Left (cm)2
Right (cm)1
Steering column movement
Upward (cm)2
Rearward (cm)3
A-pillar rearward movement (cm)1

Driver injury measures

Test IDCEF0721
Head
HIC-15387
Peak gs at hard contact38.000000
Neck
Tension (kN)2.7
Extension bending moment (Nm)61
Maximum Nij 0.83
Chest maximum compression (mm)37
Legs
Femur force - left (kN)4.3
Femur force - right (kN)0.9
Knee displacement - left (mm)1
Knee displacement - right (mm)0
Maximum tibia index - left0.46
Maximum tibia index - right0.36
Tibia axial force - left (kN)1.3
Tibia axial force - right (kN)2.0
Foot acceleration (g)
Left54
Right99

Applies to 2008-14 models

Overall evaluation
G
Structure and safety cage
A
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
G
Torso
G
Pelvis/leg
G
Head protection
G
Rear passenger injury measures
Head/neck
G
Torso
G
Pelvis/leg
G
Head protection
G
Side crash test ratings can be compared across vehicle categories.

The Scion xD was introduced in the 2008 model year.

Injury measures

Driver — Measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.

Passenger — Measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.

Head protection

Driver — The dummy's head was protected from being hit by any hard structures, including the intruding barrier, by a side curtain airbag that deployed from the roof.

Passenger — The dummy's head was protected from being hit by any hard structures, including the intruding barrier, by a side curtain airbag that deployed from the roof.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle2008 Scion xD 4-door
Weight 2,643 lbs.
Side airbagsstandard front and rear head curtain airbags and standard front seat-mounted torso airbags
Wheelbase97 in.
Length155 in.
Width68 in.
Engine1.8 L 4-cylinder
EPA ratings26 mpg city / 32 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test IDCES0736
B-pillar to longitudinal centerline of driver's seat (cm)
Negative numbers indicate the amount by which the crush stopped short of the seat centerline.
-12.0

Driver injury measures

Test IDCES0736
Head HIC-15276
Neck
Tension (kN)0.8
Compression (kN)0.0
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm)47
Lateral force (kN)2.2
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm)34
Average deflection (mm)26
Maximum deflection rate (m/s)2.28
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s)0.47
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN)1.9
Acetabulum force (kN)2.6
Combined force (kN)4.5
Left femur
L-M force (kN)0.9
L-M moment (Nm)138
A-P moment (Nm) 33

Passenger injury measures

Test IDCES0736
Head HIC-15151
Neck
Tension (kN)0.3
Compression (kN)0.3
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm)35
Lateral force (kN)1.6
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm)38
Average deflection (mm)31
Maximum deflection rate (m/s)3.66
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s)0.56
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN)1.7
Acetabulum force (kN)3.4
Combined force (kN)4.8
Left femur
L-M force (kN)1.2
L-M moment (Nm)117
A-P moment (Nm) -38

Applies to 2008-14 models

Overall evaluation
G
Curb weight2,641 lbs
Peak force15,171 lbs
Strength-to-weight ratio5.74
Tested vehicle
2011 Scion xD 4-door
Roof strength test ratings can be compared across vehicle categories.

In the test, the strength of the roof is determined by pushing a metal plate against one side of it at a slow but constant speed. The force applied relative to the vehicle's weight is known as the strength-to-weight ratio. This graph shows how the ratio varied as the test of this vehicle progressed. The peak strength-to-weight ratio recorded at any time before the roof is crushed 5 inches is the key measurement of roof strength.

A good rating requires a strength-to-weight ratio of at least 4. In other words, the roof must withstand a force of at least 4 times the vehicle's weight before the plate crushes the roof by 5 inches. For an acceptable rating, the minimum required strength-to-weight ratio is 3.25. For a marginal rating, it is 2.5. Anything lower than that is poor.

How this test is conducted

Applies to 2008-14 models

Overall evaluation
G
Dynamic rating
G
Seat/head restraint geometry
G
Important: Head restraints & seats ratings should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

Seat type

Manual cloth seats (AHR)

How this test is conducted

Seat typeManual cloth seats (AHR)
Geometry
Backset (mm)50
Distance below top of head (mm)54
Seat design parameters
Pass/failPass
Max T1 acceleration (g)14.5
Head contact time (ms)65
Force ratingLow
Neck forces
Max neck shear force (N)1
Max neck tension (N)416

©1996-2014, Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, Highway Loss Data Institute | www.iihs.org