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2015 Scion xB

Small car
Crashworthiness
  • Small overlap front
    M
  • Moderate overlap front
    G
  • Side
    G
  • Roof strength
    G
  • Head restraints & seats
    G

Crash avoidance & Mitigation
Front crash prevention
Crash avoidance rating
Not available


Ratings shown are the latest available for this model year.
See below for ratings based on manufacture date.

Check for NHTSA recalls
Model year Front overlap Side Roof strength Head restraints & seats Front crash prevention
Small Moderate
2015
M
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
Not available
2014
M
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
Not available
2013
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
Not available
2012
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
2011
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
2010
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
2009
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
2008
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
2006
G
P
M
Crash avoidance rating
2005
G
P
M
Crash avoidance rating
2004
G
P
M
Crash avoidance rating

Applies to 2014-15 models built after February 2014

Overall evaluation
M
Structure and safety cage
M
Injury measures
Head/neck
G
Chest
G
Hip/thigh
G
Lower leg/foot
G
Restraints and dummy kinematics
M
Important: Frontal crash test ratings should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

The Scion xB was redesigned for the 2008 model year. Beginning with 2014 models built after February 2014, the side curtain airbags were reprogrammed to deploy in frontal crashes and changes were made to better control the stability of the steering column to improve occupant protection in small overlap crashes. (Information about when a specific vehicle was manufactured is on the certification label typically affixed to the car on the driver door or adjacent B-pillar.)

Structure

The driver space was not maintained well. Maximum intrusion of the lower interior was 29 cm at the lower hinge pillar. Upper interior intrusion measured 16-17 cm at the hinge pillar and instrument panel.

Injury measures

Measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.

Restraints and dummy kinematics

The dummy’s head barely contacted the frontal airbag before sliding off the left side, leaving the head vulnerable to contact with forward side structure. Additionally, the seat belt allowed excessive forward excursion of the dummy’s head and torso. The side curtain airbag deployed but does not have sufficient forward coverage to protect the head from contact with forward side structure and outside objects.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle 2014 Scion xB 4-door
Weight 3,080 lbs.
Side airbags front and rear head curtain airbags and front seat-mounted torso airbags
Wheelbase 102 in.
Length 168 in.
Width 69 in.
Engine 2.4 L 4-cylinder
EPA ratings 22 mpg city / 28 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CEN1428
Lower occupant compartment
Lower hinge pillar max (cm) 29
Footrest (cm) 18
Left toepan (cm) 6
Brake pedal (cm) 4
Parking brake (cm)
Rocker panel lateral average (cm) 9
Upper occupant compartment
Steering column 3
Upper hinge pillar max (cm) 17
Upper dash (cm) 17
Lower instrument panel (cm) 16

Driver injury measures

Test ID CEN1428
Head
HIC-15 273
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.8
Extension bending moment (Nm) 11
Maximum Nij 0.33
Chest maximum compression (mm) 27
Femur (kN)
Left 2.9
Right 1.5
Knee displacement (mm)
Left 1
Right 3
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left 0
Right 0
Maximum tibia index
Left 0.78
Right 0.51
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left 3.0
Right 2.0
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 73
Right 61

Applies to 2008-15 models

Overall evaluation
G
Structure and safety cage
G
Injury measures
Head/neck
G
Chest
G
Leg/foot, left
G
Leg/foot, right
A
Restraints and dummy kinematics
G
Important: Frontal crash test ratings should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

The Scion xB was redesigned for the 2008 model year. Its size and weight have increased sufficiently to reclassify it as a small car. (The earlier design was classified as a minicar.) Frontal ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test conducted by Toyota as part of frontal crash test verification.

Injury measures

Measures taken from the head, neck, and chest indicate low risk of injuries to these body regions in a crash of this severity. Forces on the right tibia indicate that injuries to the lower leg would be possible. Head acceleration from the B-pillar hit was low.

Restraints and dummy kinematics

Dummy movement was well controlled. During rebound, the dummy's head hit the B-pillar.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle 2008 Scion xB wagon
Weight 3,109 lbs.
Side airbags front and rear head curtain airbags and front seat-mounted torso airbags
Wheelbase 102 in.
Length 167 in.
Width 69 in.
Engine 2.4 L 4-cylinder
EPA ratings 22 mpg city / 28 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occcupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID VTF0706
Footwell intrusion
Footrest (cm) 4
Left (cm) 10
Center (cm) 16
Right (cm) 8
Brake pedal (cm) 4
Instrument panel rearward movement
Left (cm) 1
Right (cm) 2
Steering column movement
Upward (cm) -1
Rearward (cm) 0
A-pillar rearward movement (cm) 1

Driver injury measures

Test ID VTF0706
Head
HIC-15 235
Peak gs at hard contact 50
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.3
Extension bending moment (Nm) 25
Maximum Nij 0.30
Chest maximum compression (mm) 27
Legs
Femur force - left (kN) 5.0
Femur force - right (kN) 1.4
Knee displacement - left (mm) 1
Knee displacement - right (mm) 1
Maximum tibia index - left 0.51
Maximum tibia index - right 0.81
Tibia axial force - left (kN) 1.4
Tibia axial force - right (kN) 2.5
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 67
Right 90

Applies to 2013-15 models

Overall evaluation
G
Structure and safety cage
G
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
G
Torso
G
Pelvis/leg
A
Head protection
G
Rear passenger injury measures
Head/neck
G
Torso
G
Pelvis/leg
G
Head protection
G
Side crash test ratings can be compared across vehicle categories.

The Scion xB was redesigned for the 2008 model year. Its size and weight have increased sufficiently to reclassify it as a small car. (The earlier design was classified as a minicar.) Beginning with 2013 models, design changes were made to the side curtain and side torso airbags and front and rear door trim panels.

Two tests of the xB were conducted, one of a 2008 model by the Institute and the other representing a 2013 model by Toyota as part of side crash test verification. These vehicles are rated separately, except that the structure ratings for both vehicles are based on both tests. (The car tested by Toyota was designated as a 2012 model but included the side curtain airbag and door trim changes of the 2013 models.)

Injury measures

Driver — Measures taken from the dummy indicate that a fracture of the pelvis would be possible in a crash of this severity. The risk of significant injuries to other body regions is low.

Passenger — Measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.

Head protection

Driver — The dummy’s head was protected from being hit by any hard structures, including the intruding barrier, by a side curtain airbag that deployed from the roof.

Passenger — The dummy’s head was protected from being hit by any hard structures, including the intruding barrier, by a side curtain airbag that deployed from the roof.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle 2013 Scion XB wagon
Weight 3,086 lbs.
Side airbags Standard front and rear head curtain airbags and standard front seat-mounted torso airbags
Wheelbase 102 in.
Length 167 in.
Width 69 in.
Engine 2.4 L 4-cylinder
EPA ratings 22 mpg city / 28 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CES0838 VTS1214
B-pillar to longitudinal centerline of driver's seat (cm)
Negative numbers indicate the amount by which the crush stopped short of the seat centerline.
-13.5 -11.0

Driver injury measures

Test ID VTS1214
Head HIC-15 440
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.9
Compression (kN) 0.2
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 38
Lateral force (kN) 1.6
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 27
Average deflection (mm) 21
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 3.60
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.32
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 3.2
Acetabulum force (kN) 2.4
Combined force (kN) 5.6
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 0.7
L-M moment (Nm) 25
A-P moment (Nm) -84

Passenger injury measures

Test ID VTS1214
Head HIC-15 142
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.4
Compression (kN) 0.1
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 47
Lateral force (kN) 1.5
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 36
Average deflection (mm) 30
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 3.70
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.64
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 0.4
Acetabulum force (kN) 1.4
Combined force (kN) 1.6
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 1.5
L-M moment (Nm) 67
A-P moment (Nm) -235

Applies to 2008-15 models

Overall evaluation
G
Curb weight 3,078 lbs
Peak force 21,041 lbs
Strength-to-weight ratio 6.84
Tested vehicle
2010 Scion xB wagon
Roof strength test ratings can be compared across vehicle categories.

In the test, the strength of the roof is determined by pushing a metal plate against one side of it at a slow but constant speed. The force applied relative to the vehicle's weight is known as the strength-to-weight ratio. This graph shows how the ratio varied as the test of this vehicle progressed. The peak strength-to-weight ratio recorded at any time before the roof is crushed 5 inches is the key measurement of roof strength.

A good rating requires a strength-to-weight ratio of at least 4. In other words, the roof must withstand a force of at least 4 times the vehicle's weight before the plate crushes the roof by 5 inches. For an acceptable rating, the minimum required strength-to-weight ratio is 3.25. For a marginal rating, it is 2.5. Anything lower than that is poor.

How this test is conducted

Applies to 2008-15 models

Overall evaluation
G
Dynamic rating
G
Seat/head restraint geometry
G
Important: Ratings for head restraints & seats should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

Seat type

Manual cloth seats

How this test is conducted

Seat type Manual cloth seats
Geometry
Backset (mm) 24
Distance below top of head (mm) 42
Seat design parameters
Pass/fail Pass
Max T1 acceleration (g) 12.2
Head contact time (ms) 62
Force rating 1
Neck forces
Max neck shear force (N) 1
Max neck tension (N) 436

Applies to 2013-15 models

Overall evaluation

Crash avoidance rating
Not available
0 points total

Forward collision warning

Not available.
0 points

Low-speed autobrake

Not available.
0 points

High-speed autobrake

Not available.
0 points

How this rating is determined

1
Side airbags: front and rear head curtain airbags and front seat-mounted torso airbags
2
Electronic stability control
3
Antilock brakes

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