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2014 Scion tC

Small car
Crashworthiness
  • Small overlap front
  • Driver-side
    A
  • Passenger-side
  • Moderate overlap front
    G
  • Side
    G
  • Roof strength
    G
  • Head restraints & seats
    G

Crash avoidance & Mitigation
Front crash prevention
Crash avoidance rating
Not available

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The photos and videos shown here may be of a different model, model year or body type from the one selected. The ratings of one vehicle often apply to other models if they are built on the same platform. In addition, a test of a vehicle from one model year may apply to earlier or later model years if the vehicle hasn't been significantly redesigned.

Model year Small overlap front Moderate overlap front Side Roof strength Head restraints & seats Front crash prevention Headlights LATCH ease of use
Driver Passenger
2016
A
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
Not available
2015
A
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
Not available
2014
A
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
Not available
2013
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
Not available
2012
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
2011
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
2010
A
A
M
Crash avoidance rating
2009
A
A
M
Crash avoidance rating
2008
A
A
M
Crash avoidance rating
2007
A
A
M
Crash avoidance rating
2006
A
A
M
Crash avoidance rating
2005
A
A
M
Crash avoidance rating

Applies to 2014-16 models

Overall evaluation
A
Structure and safety cage
M
Injury measures
Head/neck
G
Chest
G
Hip/thigh
G
Lower leg/foot
A
Restraints and dummy kinematics
A
Important: Frontal crash test ratings should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

The Scion tC was redesigned for the 2011 model year. Beginning with 2014 models, the side curtain airbags were reprogrammed to deploy in small overlap frontal crashes to improve occupant protection.

Structure

The driver space was not maintained well, with maximum intrusion of the lower interior of 24 cm at the lower hinge pillar. Upper interior intrusion measured 13-14 cm at the hinge pillar and instrument panel.

Injury measures

Measures from the dummy indicate that injuries to the left lower leg would be possible in a crash of this severity. The risk of significant injuries to other body regions is low.

Restraints and dummy kinematics

The dummy’s head barely contacted the frontal airbag before sliding off the left side, leaving the head vulnerable to contact with forward structure. The side curtain airbag deployed and had sufficient forward coverage to protect the head from contact with forward side structure and outside objects. The side torso airbag also deployed.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle 2014 Scion tC 2-door
Weight 3,149 lbs.
Side airbags front and rear head curtain airbags and front seat-mounted torso airbags
Wheelbase 106 in.
Length 177 in.
Width 71 in.
Engine 2.5 L 4-cylinder
EPA ratings 23 mpg city / 31 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CEN1320
Lower occupant compartment
Lower hinge pillar max (cm) 24
Footrest (cm) 13
Left toepan (cm) 4
Brake pedal (cm) 3
Parking brake (cm)
Rocker panel lateral average (cm) 8
Upper occupant compartment
Steering column 5
Upper hinge pillar max (cm) 14
Upper dash (cm) 14
Lower instrument panel (cm) 13

Driver injury measures

Test ID CEN1320
Head
HIC-15 127
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.2
Extension bending moment (Nm) 7
Maximum Nij 0.30
Chest maximum compression (mm) 22
Femur (kN)
Left 2.4
Right 0.8
Knee displacement (mm)
Left 9
Right 2
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left 0
Right 0
Maximum tibia index
Left 0.96
Right 0.39
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left 3.2
Right 1.9
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 106
Right 58

Applies to 2014-16 models

Overall evaluation
G
Structure and safety cage
G
Injury measures
Head/neck
G
Chest
G
Leg/foot, left
G
Leg/foot, right
G
Restraints and dummy kinematics
G
Important: Frontal crash test ratings should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

The Scion tC was redesigned for the 2011 model year. Beginning with 2014 models, the side curtain airbags were reprogrammed to deploy in small overlap frontal crashes, but this would not have any effect on the moderate overlap frontal ratings. Therefore, the listed ratings are based on a test of a 2011 model.

Injury measures

Measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity. Head acceleration from the grab handle hit was low.

Restraints and dummy kinematics

Dummy movement was well controlled. The driver side curtain airbag deployed during the crash. After the dummy moved forward into the frontal airbag, its head contacted the side curtain airbag and the grab handle above the door.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle 2011 Scion tC 2-door
Weight 3,120 lbs.
Side airbags front and rear head curtain airbags and front seat-mounted torso airbags
Wheelbase 106 in.
Length 174 in.
Width 71 in.
Engine 2.5 L 4-cylinder
EPA ratings 23 mpg city / 31 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occcupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CEF1008
Footwell intrusion
Footrest (cm) 5
Left (cm) 12
Center (cm) 15
Right (cm) 8
Brake pedal (cm) 1
Instrument panel rearward movement
Left (cm) 0
Right (cm) 1
Steering column movement
Upward (cm) 0
Rearward (cm) 1
A-pillar rearward movement (cm) 1

Driver injury measures

Test ID CEF1008
Head
HIC-15 216
Peak gs at hard contact 32
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.1
Extension bending moment (Nm) 8
Maximum Nij 0.20
Chest maximum compression (mm) 31
Legs
Femur force - left (kN) 0.5
Femur force - right (kN) 1.8
Knee displacement - left (mm) 0
Knee displacement - right (mm) 0
Maximum tibia index - left 0.38
Maximum tibia index - right 0.57
Tibia axial force - left (kN) 1.8
Tibia axial force - right (kN) 3.5
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 51
Right 61

Applies to 2014-16 models

Overall evaluation
G
Structure and safety cage
G
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
G
Torso
G
Pelvis/leg
G
Head protection
G
Rear passenger injury measures
Head/neck
G
Torso
G
Pelvis/leg
A
Head protection
G
Side crash test ratings can be compared across vehicle categories.

The Scion tC was redesigned for the 2011 model year. Beginning with 2014 models, the side curtain airbags were reprogrammed to deploy in small overlap frontal crashes, but this would not have any effect on the side ratings. Therefore, the listed ratings are based on a test of a 2011 model.

Injury measures

Driver — Measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.

Passenger — Measures taken from the dummy indicate a left femur fracture would be possible in a crash of this severity. The risk of significant injuries to other body regions is low.

Head protection

Driver — The dummy’s head was protected from being hit by any hard structures, including the intruding barrier, by a side curtain airbag that deployed from the roof.

Passenger — The dummy’s head was protected from being hit by any hard structures, including the intruding barrier, by a side curtain airbag that deployed from the roof.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle 2011 Scion tC 2-door
Weight 3,125 lbs.
Side airbags standard front and rear head curtain airbags and standard front seat-mounted torso airbags
Wheelbase 106 in.
Length 174 in.
Width 71 in.
Engine 2.5 L 4-cylinder
EPA ratings 23 mpg city / 31 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CES1014
B-pillar to longitudinal centerline of driver's seat (cm)
Negative numbers indicate the amount by which the crush stopped short of the seat centerline.
-16.0

Driver injury measures

Test ID CES1014
Head HIC-15 468
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.5
Compression (kN) 0.1
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 41
Lateral force (kN) 1.5
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 22
Average deflection (mm) 20
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 7.12
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.55
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 1.2
Acetabulum force (kN) 2.1
Combined force (kN) 2.6
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 0.6
L-M moment (Nm) 121
A-P moment (Nm) 83

Passenger injury measures

Test ID CES1014
Head HIC-15 240
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.5
Compression (kN) 1.2
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 41
Lateral force (kN) 1.4
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 29
Average deflection (mm) 18
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 2.70
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.32
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 0.1
Acetabulum force (kN) 1.3
Combined force (kN) 1.3
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 0.2
L-M moment (Nm) 295
A-P moment (Nm) 59

Applies to 2014-16 models

Overall evaluation
G
Curb weight 3,123 lbs
Peak force 17,738 lbs
Strength-to-weight ratio 5.68
Tested vehicle
The 2014 and later models of the Scion tC are unchanged from 2011-13 models for roof rating purposes. Therefore, the rating is based on a tested 2011 model.
2011 Scion tC 2-door
Roof strength test ratings can be compared across vehicle categories.

In the test, the strength of the roof is determined by pushing a metal plate against one side of it at a slow but constant speed. The force applied relative to the vehicle's weight is known as the strength-to-weight ratio. This graph shows how the ratio varied as the test of this vehicle progressed. The peak strength-to-weight ratio recorded at any time before the roof is crushed 5 inches is the key measurement of roof strength.

A good rating requires a strength-to-weight ratio of at least 4. In other words, the roof must withstand a force of at least 4 times the vehicle's weight before the plate crushes the roof by 5 inches. For an acceptable rating, the minimum required strength-to-weight ratio is 3.25. For a marginal rating, it is 2.5. Anything lower than that is poor.

How this test is conducted

Applies to 2011-16 models

Overall evaluation
G
Dynamic rating
G
Seat/head restraint geometry
G
Important: Ratings for head restraints & seats should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

Seat type

Manual cloth seats (AHR)

How this test is conducted

Seat type Manual cloth seats (AHR)
Geometry
Backset (mm) 20
Distance below top of head (mm) 42
Seat design parameters
Pass/fail Pass
Max T1 acceleration (g) 11.6
Head contact time (ms) 63
Force rating 1
Neck forces
Max neck shear force (N) 46
Max neck tension (N) 486

Applies to 2013-16 models

Overall evaluation

Crash avoidance rating
Not available
0 points total

Forward collision warning

Not available.
0 points

Low-speed autobrake

Not available.
0 points

High-speed autobrake

Not available.
0 points

How this rating is determined

1
Side airbags: front and rear head curtain airbags and front seat-mounted torso airbags
2
Driver and front passenger knee airbags: separate airbags in the lower instrument panel designed to minimize knee injuries in frontal crashes
3
Electronic stability control
4
Antilock brakes

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