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1996 Saturn SL

Small car
Crashworthiness
  • Moderate overlap front
    A

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The photos and videos shown here may be of a different model, model year or body type from the one selected. The ratings of one vehicle often apply to other models if they are built on the same platform. In addition, a test of a vehicle from one model year may apply to earlier or later model years if the vehicle hasn't been significantly redesigned.

Model year Small overlap front Moderate overlap front Side Roof strength Head restraints & seats Front crash prevention Headlights LATCH ease of use
Driver Passenger
2002
A
Crash avoidance rating
2001
A
Crash avoidance rating
2000
A
Crash avoidance rating
1999
A
Crash avoidance rating
1998
A
Crash avoidance rating
1997
A
Crash avoidance rating
1996
A
Crash avoidance rating
1995
A
Crash avoidance rating

Applies to 1995-2002 models

Overall evaluation
A
Structure and safety cage
A
Injury measures
Head/neck
G
Chest
A
Leg/foot, left
A
Leg/foot, right
G
Restraints and dummy kinematics
M
Important: Frontal crash test ratings should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

This rating applies to vehicles other than the specific model and body style tested.

The Saturn SL was introduced in the 1991 model year. Frontal airbags for both the driver and passenger became standard beginning with the 1995 model year.

Injury measures

Measures taken from the head, neck, and right leg indicate low risk of injuries to these body regions in a crash of this severity. Forces on the chest and left femur indicate that injuries to the chest and upper leg would be possible. Head acceleration from the window frame and B-pillar hits were low.

Restraints and dummy kinematics

Dummy movement wasn't well controlled. During rebound, the dummy moved toward the driver door, and its head hit the window frame and B-pillar. There was too much rearward movement of the steering wheel.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle 1997 Saturn SL2 4-door
Weight 2,434 lbs.
Side airbags none
Wheelbase 102 in.
Length 177 in.
Width 67 in.
Engine 1.9 L 4-cylinder
EPA ratings 24 mpg city / 34 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occcupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CF97015
Footwell intrusion
Footrest (cm) 12
Left (cm) 21
Center (cm) 19
Right (cm) 14
Brake pedal (cm) 12
Instrument panel rearward movement
Left (cm) 13
Right (cm) 9
Steering column movement
Upward (cm) 5
Rearward (cm) 11
A-pillar rearward movement (cm) 16

Driver injury measures

Test ID CF97015
Head
HIC-15 229
Peak gs at hard contact 27
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.5
Extension bending moment (Nm) 13
Maximum Nij 0.25
Chest maximum compression (mm) 50
Legs
Femur force - left (kN) 7.1
Femur force - right (kN) 3.2
Knee displacement - left (mm) 1
Knee displacement - right (mm) 0
Maximum tibia index - left 0.40
Maximum tibia index - right 0.73
Tibia axial force - left (kN) 1.5
Tibia axial force - right (kN) 3.0
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 52
Right 73
1
Side airbags: front head curtain airbags (optional, 2001-02 models)
2
Antilock brakes (optional)
3
Daytime running lights (beginning with 1996 models)

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