Home » Ratings

2005 Saturn L Series

Midsize moderately priced car
Check
for recalls
  • Moderate overlap front
    A
  • Side
    P
  • Head restraints & seats
    P
2004 Saturn L Series shown
2004 Saturn L Series shown
1
Side airbags: front and rear head curtain airbags (2002-05 models, optional in 2001 models)
2
Antilock brakes (standard on 2002 and 2004-05 models, optional on 2001 and 2003 models)
3
Daytime running lights
Model yearFront small overlapFront moderate overlapSideRoof strengthHead restraints & seats
2005
A
P
P
2004
A
P
P
2003
A
P
P
2002
A
P
P
2001
A
P
P
2000
A

Applies to 2000-05 models

Overall evaluation
A
Structure and safety cage
A
Injury measures
Head/neck
G
Chest
G
Leg/foot, left
G
Leg/foot, right
P
Restraints and dummy kinematics
A
Important: Frontal crash test ratings should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

The Saturn L Series was introduced in the 2000 model year and discontinued after a limited number of 2005 models were manufactured.

Injury measures

Measures taken from the head, neck, and chest indicate low risk of injuries to these body regions in a crash of this severity. Forces on the right tibia indicate that injuries to the lower leg would be likely. Head acceleration from the B-pillar hit was low.

Restraints and dummy kinematics

Dummy movement was reasonably well controlled. During rebound from the airbag, the dummy moved toward the driver door, and its head went partway through the open window. Then the head moved back in and hit the B-pillar and top of the door opening.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle2000 Saturn LS2 4-door
Weight 3,192 lbs.
Side airbagsnone
Wheelbase106 in.
Length190 in.
Width69 in.
Engine3.0 L V6
EPA ratings20 mpg city / 26 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occcupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test IDCF99022
Footwell intrusion
Footrest (cm)17
Left (cm)20
Center (cm)18
Right (cm)19
Brake pedal (cm)14
Instrument panel rearward movement
Left (cm)5
Right (cm)4
Steering column movement
Upward (cm)7
Rearward (cm)0
A-pillar rearward movement (cm)3

Driver injury measures

Test IDCF99022
Head
HIC-15236
Peak gs at hard contactnegligible
Neck
Tension (kN)1.8
Extension bending moment (Nm)17
Maximum Nij 0.32
Chest maximum compression (mm)28
Legs
Femur force - left (kN)4.5
Femur force - right (kN)1.5
Knee displacement - left (mm)2
Knee displacement - right (mm)6
Maximum tibia index - left0.68
Maximum tibia index - right1.42
Tibia axial force - left (kN)1.1
Tibia axial force - right (kN)5.7
Foot acceleration (g)
Left101
Right138

Applies to 2002-05 models

Overall evaluation
P
Structure and safety cage
P
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
G
Torso
P
Pelvis/leg
P
Head protection
P
Rear passenger injury measures
Head/neck
G
Torso
G
Pelvis/leg
G
Head protection
G
Side crash test ratings can be compared across vehicle categories.

The Saturn L Series was introduced in the 2000 model year. Side curtain airbags for drivers' and front and rear outboard passengers' heads were made optional on 2001 models and standard beginning with 2002 models. The L Series was discontinued after a limited number of 2005 models were manufactured.

Injury measures

Driver — Measures taken from the dummy indicate that rib fractures and/or internal organ injuries plus a fracture of the pelvis would be likely in a crash of this severity. In addition, loading to the shoulder was excessive.

Passenger — Measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.

Head protection

Driver — The dummy's head brushed past the side curtain airbag and was hit by the intruding barrier. This impact did not produce high head injury measures, but head hits with intruding objects such as other vehicles, trees, and poles should be prevented.

Passenger — The dummy's head was protected from impact with any hard structures, including the intruding barrier, by a side curtain airbag that deployed from the roof.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle2004 Saturn L300.2 4-door
Weight 3,210 lbs.
Side airbagsstandard front and rear head curtain airbags
Wheelbase106 in.
Length190 in.
Width68 in.
Engine3.0 L V6
EPA ratings20 mpg city / 28 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test IDCES0314
B-pillar to longitudinal centerline of driver's seat (cm)
Negative numbers indicate the amount by which the crush stopped short of the seat centerline.
2.5

Driver injury measures

Test IDCES0314
Head HIC-15284
Neck
Tension (kN)1.8
Compression (kN)0.7
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm)61
Lateral force (kN)3.7
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm)44
Average deflection (mm)35
Maximum deflection rate (m/s)8.44
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s)1.58
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN)3.8
Acetabulum force (kN)3.6
Combined force (kN)7.3
Left femur
L-M force (kN)0.8
L-M moment (Nm)79
A-P moment (Nm) 44

Passenger injury measures

Test IDCES0314
Head HIC-15386
Neck
Tension (kN)0.6
Compression (kN)0.4
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm)46
Lateral force (kN)1.7
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm)32
Average deflection (mm)30
Maximum deflection rate (m/s)4.07
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s)0.45
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN)0.7
Acetabulum force (kN)2.1
Combined force (kN)2.6
Left femur
L-M force (kN)0.9
L-M moment (Nm)250
A-P moment (Nm) 17

Applies to 2001-05 models

Overall evaluation
P
Dynamic rating
Seat/head restraint geometry
P
Important: Ratings for head restraints & seats should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

Seat type

All seats

How this test is conducted

Seat typeAll seats
Geometry
Backset (mm)80
Distance below top of head (mm)125
Seat design parameters
Pass/failFail
Max T1 acceleration (g)
Head contact time (ms)
Force rating
Neck forces
Max neck shear force (N)
Max neck tension (N)

©1996-2014, Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, Highway Loss Data Institute | www.iihs.org