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2007 Saturn ION

Small car
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  • Moderate overlap front
    A
  • Side without optional side airbags
    P
  • Side with optional side airbags
    P
  • Head restraints & seats
    M
1
Side airbags: front and rear head curtain airbags (optional)
2
Antilock brakes (optional)
3
Daytime running lights
Model yearFront small overlapFront moderate overlapSideRoof strengthHead restraints & seats
2007
A
P
P
M
2006
A
P
P
M
2005
A
P
P
M
2004
P
P
P
2003
P
P
P

Applies to 2005-07 models

Overall evaluation
A
Structure and safety cage
A
Injury measures
Head/neck
A
Chest
G
Leg/foot, left
G
Leg/foot, right
A
Restraints and dummy kinematics
A
Important: Frontal crash test ratings should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

The Saturn ION was introduced in the 2003 model year as a replacement for the SL. The size of the steering wheel was increased beginning with 2005 models and its number of spokes was increased from two to four. Also, the driver airbag deployment characteristics were changed slightly.

Injury measures

Measures taken from the neck and chest indicate low risk of injuries to these body regions in a crash of this severity. High head accelerations occurred when the dummy's head hit both the steering wheel through the airbag and the B-pillar, indicating that injuries to the head would be possible. Forces on the right tibia indicate that injuries to the lower leg would be possible.

Restraints and dummy kinematics

Dummy movement was reasonably well controlled. During rebound, the dummy's head hit the B-pillar. Also during the impact, the steering wheel broke off from the column.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle2005 Saturn ION 2 4-door
Weight 2,787 lbs.
Side airbagsnone
Wheelbase103 in.
Length184 in.
Width67 in.
Engine2.2 L 4-cylinder
EPA ratings24 mpg city / 32 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occcupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test IDCEF0419
Footwell intrusion
Footrest (cm)9
Left (cm)12
Center (cm)18
Right (cm)14
Brake pedal (cm)15
Instrument panel rearward movement
Left (cm)9
Right (cm)7
Steering column movement
Upward (cm)9
Rearward (cm)-9
A-pillar rearward movement (cm)7

Driver injury measures

Test IDCEF0419
Head
HIC-15245
Peak gs at hard contact87
Neck
Tension (kN)1.0
Extension bending moment (Nm)46
Maximum Nij 0.37
Chest maximum compression (mm)23
Legs
Femur force - left (kN)1.7
Femur force - right (kN)2.3
Knee displacement - left (mm)4
Knee displacement - right (mm)2
Maximum tibia index - left0.54
Maximum tibia index - right0.81
Tibia axial force - left (kN)2.6
Tibia axial force - right (kN)2.6
Foot acceleration (g)
Left50
Right112

Applies to 2003-07 models

Overall evaluation
P
Structure and safety cage
P
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
A
Torso
P
Pelvis/leg
A
Head protection
P
Rear passenger injury measures
Head/neck
M
Torso
M
Pelvis/leg
G
Head protection
M
Side crash test ratings can be compared across vehicle categories.

The Saturn ION was introduced for the 2003 model year as a replacement for the Saturn SL.

Two tests of an ION were conducted, one with an optional side airbag for the driver and rear passenger, and one without. These vehicles are rated separately, except that the structural ratings for both vehicles are based on both tests.

Injury measures

Driver — Measures taken from the dummy indicate that rib fractures and/or internal organ injuries would be likely in a crash of this severity. Head and neck injuries and a fracture of the pelvis would also be possible.

Passenger — Measures taken from the dummy indicate that serious skull fracture and/or brain injuries would be possible in a crash of this severity. Neck injuries as well as rib fractures would also be possible.

Head protection

Driver — The dummy's head was hit by the intruding barrier, producing moderately high head injury measures.

Passenger — The dummy's head was hit by the window frame of the rear passenger door, producing high head injury measures.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle2005 Saturn ION 2 4-door
Weight 2,747 lbs.
Side airbagsnone
Wheelbase103 in.
Length184 in.
Width67 in.
Engine2.2 L 4-cylinder
EPA ratings24 mpg city / 32 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test IDCES0426CES0427
B-pillar to longitudinal centerline of driver's seat (cm)
Negative numbers indicate the amount by which the crush stopped short of the seat centerline.
1.00.5

Driver injury measures

Test IDCES0427
Head HIC-15739
Neck
Tension (kN)2.4
Compression (kN)0.4
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm)55
Lateral force (kN)3.4
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm)53
Average deflection (mm)42
Maximum deflection rate (m/s)9.48
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s)1.82
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN)3.1
Acetabulum force (kN)3.2
Combined force (kN)6.1
Left femur
L-M force (kN)0.4
L-M moment (Nm)85
A-P moment (Nm) 37

Passenger injury measures

Test IDCES0427
Head HIC-15849
Neck
Tension (kN)2.5
Compression (kN)0.2
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm)
Lateral force (kN)3.0
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm)47
Average deflection (mm)40
Maximum deflection rate (m/s)4.07
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s)0.77
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN)1.1
Acetabulum force (kN)3.3
Combined force (kN)3.7
Left femur
L-M force (kN)0.8
L-M moment (Nm)86
A-P moment (Nm) 53

Applies to 2003-07 models

Overall evaluation
P
Structure and safety cage
P
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
A
Torso
P
Pelvis/leg
A
Head protection
G
Rear passenger injury measures
Head/neck
G
Torso
A
Pelvis/leg
G
Head protection
G
Side crash test ratings can be compared across vehicle categories.

The Saturn ION was introduced for the 2003 model year as a replacement for the Saturn SL.

Two tests of an ION were conducted, one with an optional side airbag for the driver and rear passenger, and one without. These vehicles are rated separately, except that the structural ratings for both vehicles are based on both tests.

Injury measures

Driver — Measures taken from the dummy indicate that rib fractures and/or internal organ injuries would be likely in a crash of this severity. Head injuries and a fracture of the pelvis would also be possible.

Passenger — Measures taken from the dummy indicate that rib fractures would be possible in a crash of this severity. The risk of significant injuries to other body regions is low.

Head protection

Driver — The dummy's head was protected from being hit by any hard structures, including the intruding barrier, by a side curtain airbag that deployed from the roof. Still, moderately high head injury measures were recorded.

Passenger — The dummy's head was protected from being hit by any hard structures, including the intruding barrier, by a side curtain airbag that deployed from the roof.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle2005 Saturn ION 2 4-door
Weight 2,767 lbs.
Side airbagsoptional front and rear head curtain airbags
Wheelbase103 in.
Length184 in.
Width67 in.
Engine2.2 L 4-cylinder
EPA ratings24 mpg city / 32 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test IDCES0426CES0427
B-pillar to longitudinal centerline of driver's seat (cm)
Negative numbers indicate the amount by which the crush stopped short of the seat centerline.
1.00.5

Driver injury measures

Test IDCES0426
Head HIC-15650
Neck
Tension (kN)1.9
Compression (kN)0.2
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm)54
Lateral force (kN)2.8
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm)51
Average deflection (mm)45
Maximum deflection rate (m/s)8.34
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s)2.13
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN)2.1
Acetabulum force (kN)3.1
Combined force (kN)5.2
Left femur
L-M force (kN)0.3
L-M moment (Nm)83
A-P moment (Nm) 46

Passenger injury measures

Test IDCES0426
Head HIC-15387
Neck
Tension (kN)1.0
Compression (kN)0.3
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm)54
Lateral force (kN)2.4
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm)44
Average deflection (mm)38
Maximum deflection rate (m/s)4.81
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s)0.85
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN)0.6
Acetabulum force (kN)3.4
Combined force (kN)3.6
Left femur
L-M force (kN)0.6
L-M moment (Nm)61
A-P moment (Nm) 59

Applies to 2005-07 models

Overall evaluation
M
Dynamic rating
M
Seat/head restraint geometry
A
Important: Ratings for head restraints & seats should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

Seat type

All seats

How this test is conducted

Seat typeAll seats
Geometry
Backset (mm)78
Distance below top of head (mm)60
Seat design parameters
Pass/failFail
Max T1 acceleration (g)12.3
Head contact time (ms)89
Force ratingModerate
Neck forces
Max neck shear force (N)208
Max neck tension (N)622

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