Home » Ratings » Saab 9-5 » 2004

2004 Saab 9-5

Midsize luxury/near luxury car
  • Moderate overlap front
    G
  • Side
    A
1
Side airbags: front seat-mounted combination head and torso airbags
2
Built-in child restraints (optional in 1999-2002 models)
3
Electronic stability control (standard beginning with 2003 models, optional on 2002 models)
4
Antilock brakes
5
Daytime running lights
Model yearFront small overlapFront moderate overlapSideRoof strengthHead restraints & seats
2012
G
G
G
G
2011
G
G
G
G
2010
G
G
G
G
2009
G
A
A
2008
G
A
A
2007
G
A
A
2006
G
A
A
2005
G
A
A
2004
G
A
2003
G
A
2002
G
A
2001
A
A
2000
A
A
1999
A
A

Applies to 2002-09 models

Overall evaluation
G
Structure and safety cage
G
Injury measures
Head/neck
G
Chest
G
Leg/foot, left
G
Leg/foot, right
A
Restraints and dummy kinematics
G
Important: Frontal crash test ratings should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

The Saab 9-5 was re-engineered for the 2002 model year with structural changes to improve occupant protection in frontal crashes. All 2002 and later 9-5 models manufactured after November 2001 also include airbag modifications to further improve occupant protection (note: information about when a specific vehicle was manufactured is on the certification label typically affixed to the car on or near the driver door).

The tested car was manufactured after the modifications had been made.

The frontal offset crash test ratings also apply to the station wagon version of the 9-5, known as the SportCombi, beginning with 2002 and later models manufactured after November 2001.

The 9-5 was modestly restyled for the 2006 model year.

Injury measures

Measures taken from the head, neck, chest, and left leg indicate low risk of injuries to these body regions in a crash of this severity. Forces on the right tibia and right knee indicate that injuries to the lower leg and knee would be possible. Head acceleration from the roof rail/ B-pillar hit was low.

Restraints and dummy kinematics

Dummy movement was well controlled. During rebound, the dummy's head hit the roof rail and B-pillar.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle2002 Saab 9-5 4-door
Weight 3,602 lbs.
Side airbagsfront seat-mounted combination head and torso airbags
Wheelbase106 in.
Length190 in.
Width70 in.
Engine3.0 L turbocharged V6
EPA ratings18 mpg city / 26 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occcupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test IDCEF0208
Footwell intrusion
Footrest (cm)12
Left (cm)15
Center (cm)15
Right (cm)17
Brake pedal (cm)10
Instrument panel rearward movement
Left (cm)4
Right (cm)2
Steering column movement
Upward (cm)3
Rearward (cm)-1
A-pillar rearward movement (cm)4

Driver injury measures

Test IDCEF0208
Head
HIC-15206
Peak gs at hard contact34
Neck
Tension (kN)1.2
Extension bending moment (Nm)15
Maximum Nij 0.27
Chest maximum compression (mm)29
Legs
Femur force - left (kN)2.6
Femur force - right (kN)5.0
Knee displacement - left (mm)1
Knee displacement - right (mm)13
Maximum tibia index - left0.40
Maximum tibia index - right0.90
Tibia axial force - left (kN)1.3
Tibia axial force - right (kN)5.4
Foot acceleration (g)
Left105
Right76

Applies to 1999-2009 models

Overall evaluation
A
Structure and safety cage
M
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
G
Torso
G
Pelvis/leg
A
Head protection
G
Rear passenger injury measures
Head/neck
G
Torso
G
Pelvis/leg
G
Head protection
M
Side crash test ratings can be compared across vehicle categories.

The Saab 9-5 was introduced in the 1999 model year. Although engineering changes were made to improve frontal crashworthiness beginning with 2002 models built after November 2001, these changes were not expected to affect side-impact performance.

The 9-5 was modestly restyled for the 2006 model year.

Injury measures

Driver — Measures taken from the dummy indicate that a fracture of the pelvis would be possible in a crash of this severity. The risk of significant injuries to other body regions is low.

Passenger — Measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.

Head protection

Driver — The dummy's head was protected from being hit by any hard structures, including the intruding barrier, by a side airbag that deployed from the seat.

Passenger — The dummy's head was hit by the pillar behind the rear passenger door and the window glass and window sill of the rear door. The pillar is required by federal standard to provide some protection for occupants' heads. The impacts with the window glass and sill did not produce high head injury measures, but the head protection is inadequate.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle2004 Saab 9-5 Arc 4-door
Weight 3,505 lbs.
Side airbagsstandard front seat-mounted combination head and torso airbags
Wheelbase106 in.
Length190 in.
Width70 in.
Engine2.3 L turbocharged 4-cylinder
EPA ratings19 mpg city / 28 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test IDCES0409
B-pillar to longitudinal centerline of driver's seat (cm)
Negative numbers indicate the amount by which the crush stopped short of the seat centerline.
-2.5

Driver injury measures

Test IDCES0409
Head HIC-15186
Neck
Tension (kN)1.1
Compression (kN)0.2
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm)39
Lateral force (kN)1.7
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm)26
Average deflection (mm)20
Maximum deflection rate (m/s)3.73
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s)0.39
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN)2.9
Acetabulum force (kN)3.0
Combined force (kN)5.7
Left femur
L-M force (kN)0.8
L-M moment (Nm)63
A-P moment (Nm) 34

Passenger injury measures

Test IDCES0409
Head HIC-15281
Neck
Tension (kN)0.9
Compression (kN)1.3
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm)40
Lateral force (kN)1.8
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm)44
Average deflection (mm)33
Maximum deflection rate (m/s)3.75
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s)0.62
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN)1.1
Acetabulum force (kN)2.8
Combined force (kN)3.3
Left femur
L-M force (kN)1.0
L-M moment (Nm)161
A-P moment (Nm) -48

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