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2014 Nissan Leaf

Small car

Crashworthiness
Front crash
prevention
Crash avoidance rating
Not Available
  • Small overlap front
    P
  • Moderate overlap front
    G
  • Side
    G
  • Roof strength
    G
  • Head restraints & seats
    G
1
Side airbags: front and rear head curtain airbags and front seat-mounted torso airbags
2
Electronic stability control
3
Antilock brakes
Model yearFront small overlapFront moderate overlapSideRoof strengthHead restraints & seats
2014
P
G
G
G
G
2013
P
G
G
G
G
2012
G
G
G
G
2011
G
G
G
G

Applies to 2013-14 models

Overall evaluation
P
Structure and safety cage
P
Injury measures
Head/neck
G
Chest
G
Hip/thigh
M
Lower leg/foot
P
Restraints and dummy kinematics
M
Important: Frontal crash test ratings should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

The Nissan Leaf was introduced in the 2011 model year and re-engineered beginning with 2013 models. The car is a plug-in battery-electric vehicle with no gasoline or diesel engine to help power the car. The EPA city and highway values listed below are based on a comparison of the energy content of a kW-hr of electricity vs. a gallon of gasoline.

Structure

The driver's space was seriously compromised by intruding structure. Lower interior intrusion measured as much as 40 cm at the lower hinge pillar. Upper interior intrusion measured 35 cm at the hinge pillar and as much as 36 cm at the instrument panel. The parking brake pedal was pushed in 31 cm toward the driver, and the steering column was pushed back 9 cm.

Injury measures

Measures from the dummy indicate that injuries to the left knee and left lower leg would be likely in a crash of this severity and injuries to the left thigh would be possible.

Restraints and dummy kinematics

The dummy’s head barely contacted the frontal airbag before sliding off the left side as the steering column moved 23 cm to the right, leaving the head vulnerable to contact with forward side structure and allowing little airbag cushioning for the chest. The side curtain airbag deployed but does not have sufficient forward coverage to protect the head from contact with forward side structure and outside objects. The side torso airbag deployed.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle2014 Nissan Leaf S 4-door
Weight 3,271 lbs.
Side airbagsfront and rear head curtain airbags and front seat-mounted torso airbags
Wheelbase106 in.
Length175 in.
Width70 in.
Engine80 kW electric motor with 24 kW-hr lithium-ion battery
EPA ratings126 mpg city / 101 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test IDCEN1426
Lower hinge pillar max (cm)40
Footrest (cm)21
Lower occupant compartment
Left toepan (cm)10
Brake pedal (cm)4
Parking brake (cm)31
Rocker panel lateral average (cm)14
Steering column9
Upper hinge pillar max (cm)35
Upper occupant compartment
Upper dash (cm)36
Lower instrument panel (cm)30

Driver injury measures

Test IDCEN1426
Head
HIC-1596
Peak gs at hard contactno contact
Neck
Tension (kN)1.8
Extension bending moment (Nm)27
Maximum Nij 0.42
Chest maximum compression (mm)21
Femur (kN)
Left8.6
Right2.2
Knee displacement (mm)
Left23
Right1
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left22
Right0
Maximum tibia index
Left1.73
Right0.49
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left1.7
Right1.1
Foot acceleration (g)
Left86
Right64

Applies to 2013-14 models

Overall evaluation
G
Structure and safety cage
G
Injury measures
Head/neck
G
Chest
G
Leg/foot, left
G
Leg/foot, right
G
Restraints and dummy kinematics
G
Important: Frontal crash test ratings should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

The Nissan Leaf was introduced in the 2011 model year and re-engineered beginning with 2013 models. The car is a plug-in battery-electric vehicle with no gasoline or diesel engine to help power the car. Moderate overlap frontal ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test conducted by Nissan as part of frontal crash test verification. The EPA city and highway values listed below are based on a comparison of the energy content of a kW-hr of electricity vs. a gallon of gasoline.

Injury measures

Measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.

Restraints and dummy kinematics

Dummy movement was well controlled. The driver side curtain and side torso airbags deployed during the crash. After the dummy moved forward into the frontal airbag, its head contacted the side curtain airbag.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle2013 Nissan Leaf SL 4-door
Weight 3,352 lbs.
Side airbagsfront and rear head curtain airbags and front seat-mounted torso airbags
Wheelbase106 in.
Length175 in.
Width70 in.
Engine80 kW electric motor with 24 kW-hr lithium-ion battery
EPA ratings130 mpg city / 102 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occcupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test IDVTF1302
Footwell intrusion
Footrest (cm)5
Left (cm)8
Center (cm)5
Right (cm)5
Brake pedal (cm)5
Instrument panel rearward movement
Left (cm)1
Right (cm)2
Steering column movement
Upward (cm)0
Rearward (cm)2
A-pillar rearward movement (cm)0

Driver injury measures

Test IDVTF1302
Head
HIC-15165
Peak gs at hard contactno contact
Neck
Tension (kN)1.3
Extension bending moment (Nm)13
Maximum Nij 0.28
Chest maximum compression (mm)20
Legs
Femur force - left (kN)0.8
Femur force - right (kN)1.4
Knee displacement - left (mm)0
Knee displacement - right (mm)5
Maximum tibia index - left0.23
Maximum tibia index - right0.50
Tibia axial force - left (kN)0.9
Tibia axial force - right (kN)1.2
Foot acceleration (g)
Left57
Right80

Applies to 2013-14 models

Overall evaluation
G
Structure and safety cage
G
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
G
Torso
G
Pelvis/leg
G
Head protection
G
Rear passenger injury measures
Head/neck
G
Torso
G
Pelvis/leg
G
Head protection
G
Side crash test ratings can be compared across vehicle categories.

The Nissan Leaf was introduced in the 2011 model year and re-engineered beginning with 2013 models. The car is a plug-in battery-electric vehicle with no gasoline or diesel engine to help power the car. Side ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test conducted by Nissan as part of side crash test verification. The EPA city and highway values listed below are based on a comparison of the energy content of a kW-hr of electricity vs. a gallon of gasoline.

Injury measures

Driver — Measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.

Passenger — Measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.

Head protection

Driver — The dummy’s head was protected from being hit by any hard structures, including the intruding barrier, by a side curtain airbag that deployed from the roof and a side airbag that deployed from the seat.

Passenger — The dummy’s head was protected from being hit by any hard structures, including the intruding barrier, by a side curtain airbag that deployed from the roof.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle2013 Nissan Leaf SV 4-door
Weight 3,309 lbs.
Side airbagsstandard front and rear head curtain airbags and standard front seat-mounted torso airbags
Wheelbase106 in.
Length175 in.
Width70 in.
Engine80 kW electric motor with 24 kW-hr lithium-ion battery
EPA ratings130 mpg city / 102 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test IDVTS1301
B-pillar to longitudinal centerline of driver's seat (cm)
Negative numbers indicate the amount by which the crush stopped short of the seat centerline.
-13.5

Driver injury measures

Test IDVTS1301
Head HIC-15161
Neck
Tension (kN)0.5
Compression (kN)0.2
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm)28
Lateral force (kN)1.2
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm)25
Average deflection (mm)23
Maximum deflection rate (m/s)3.90
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s)0.40
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN)1.1
Acetabulum force (kN)2.6
Combined force (kN)3.4
Left femur
L-M force (kN)1.1
L-M moment (Nm)134
A-P moment (Nm) 29

Passenger injury measures

Test IDVTS1301
Head HIC-15125
Neck
Tension (kN)0.2
Compression (kN)0.2
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm)35
Lateral force (kN)1.5
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm)31
Average deflection (mm)24
Maximum deflection rate (m/s)3.00
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s)0.40
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN)0.3
Acetabulum force (kN)2.4
Combined force (kN)2.5
Left femur
L-M force (kN)0.6
L-M moment (Nm)102
A-P moment (Nm) -40

Applies to 2011-14 models

Overall evaluation
G
Curb weight3,339 lbs
Peak force18,316 lbs
Strength-to-weight ratio5.49
Tested vehicle
2011 Nissan Leaf SV 4-door
Roof strength test ratings can be compared across vehicle categories.

In the test, the strength of the roof is determined by pushing a metal plate against one side of it at a slow but constant speed. The force applied relative to the vehicle's weight is known as the strength-to-weight ratio. This graph shows how the ratio varied as the test of this vehicle progressed. The peak strength-to-weight ratio recorded at any time before the roof is crushed 5 inches is the key measurement of roof strength.

A good rating requires a strength-to-weight ratio of at least 4. In other words, the roof must withstand a force of at least 4 times the vehicle's weight before the plate crushes the roof by 5 inches. For an acceptable rating, the minimum required strength-to-weight ratio is 3.25. For a marginal rating, it is 2.5. Anything lower than that is poor.

How this test is conducted

Applies to 2013-14 models

Overall evaluation
G
Dynamic rating
G
Seat/head restraint geometry
G
Important: Ratings for head restraints & seats should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

Seat type

Manual cloth seats

How this test is conducted

Seat typeManual cloth seats
Geometry
Backset (mm)18
Distance below top of head (mm)24
Seat design parameters
Pass/failPass
Max T1 acceleration (g)12.3
Head contact time (ms)53
Force ratingLow
Neck forces
Max neck shear force (N)0
Max neck tension (N)213

Applies to 2013-15 models

Overall evaluation

Crash avoidance rating
Not Available
0 points total

Forward collision warning

Not available.
0 points

Low-speed autobrake

Not available.
0 points

High-speed autobrake

Not available.
0 points

How this rating is determined

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