Applies to 2006-09 models
|Structure and safety cage|
|Driver injury measures|
|Rear passenger injury measures|
|Side crash test ratings can be compared across vehicle categories.
The 2009 Mitsubishi Raider crew cab is a twin of the tested vehicle.
The Dodge Dakota was redesigned for the 2005 model year and discontinued after the 2011 model year. The Mitsubishi Raider was introduced in the 2006 model year and discontinued after the 2009 model year. Side airbags became standard in 2011 Dakota models (they were optional in earlier Dakota models and in all Raider models.)
The test vehicle was equipped with optional side curtain airbags, but they did not deploy during the side impact crash. The cause of the nondeployment has since been determined, and Chrysler Corporation made changes on the production line and announced a customer service campaign for trucks built before March 2010 (note: information about when a specific vehicle was manufactured is on the certification label typically affixed to the car on or near the driver door).
Because this test produced almost identical results to those of a 2008 Dodge Dakota without side airbags tested earlier, the injury ratings and head protection ratings for both the driver and passenger are based on both tests. Structural ratings also are based on both tests.
Driver — In tests of both the 2010 and 2008 models, measures taken from the dummy indicate that rib fractures and/or internal organ injuries would be likely in a crash of this severity. In addition, loading to the shoulder was excessive in the 2008 model test.
Passenger — In both tests, measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.
Driver — In the test of the 2010 model, the dummy's head was hit by the window sill of the driver door. This impact did not produce high head injury measures, but the head protection is inadequate. In the test of the 2008 model, the head was not struck by the intruding barrier or any part of the vehicle, but the head remained unprotected from contacts outside the vehicle. This indicates that only slightly different crash circumstances could produce a direct hit to a person's head.
Passenger — In both tests, the dummy's head was hit by the window frame of the rear passenger door and the pillar behind the door. This impact did not produce high head injury measures, but the head protection is inadequate.
Tested vehicle specifications
|Tested vehicle||2010 Dodge Dakota Big Horn (2wd Crew Cab) |
|Weight|| 4,440 lbs.|
|Side airbags||optional front and rear head curtain airbags|
|Engine||3.7 L V6|
|EPA ratings||15 mpg city / 20 mpg highway|
How this test is conducted
Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side
|B-pillar to longitudinal centerline of driver's seat (cm) |
Negative numbers indicate the amount by which the crush stopped short of the seat centerline.
Driver injury measures
|Lateral deflection (mm)||65||59|
|Lateral force (kN)||2.8||2.2|
|Maximum deflection (mm)||60||56|
|Average deflection (mm)||49||51|
|Maximum deflection rate (m/s)||6.22||7.21|
|Maximum viscous criterion (m/s)||1.32||1.50|
|Iliac force (kN)||1.8||2.3|
|Acetabulum force (kN)||2.2||1.0|
|Combined force (kN)||4.1||3.2|
Passenger injury measures
|Lateral deflection (mm)||46||41|
|Lateral force (kN)||1.7||1.5|
|Maximum deflection (mm)||37||37|
|Average deflection (mm)||28||27|
|Maximum deflection rate (m/s)||3.45||3.39|
|Maximum viscous criterion (m/s)||0.47||0.39|
|Iliac force (kN)||0.2||0.3|
|Acetabulum force (kN)||1.1||1.3|
|Combined force (kN)||1.3||1.6|