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2010 Mercury Grand Marquis

Large family car
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  • Moderate overlap front
    G
  • Side
    M
  • Head restraints & seats
    M
1
Side airbags: front seat-mounted combination head and torso airbags (standard beginning with 2009 models, optional in 2003-08 models)
2
Antilock brakes
3
Daytime running lights (optional on Crown Victoria models sold to fleets)
Model yearFront small overlapFront moderate overlapSideRoof strengthHead restraints & seats
2010
G
M
M
2009
G
M
M
2008
G
M
P
M
2007
G
M
P
M
2006
G
P
M
2005
G
P
M
2004
G
P
M
2003
G
P
M

Applies to 2003-10 models

Overall evaluation
G
Structure and safety cage
G
Injury measures
Head/neck
G
Chest
G
Leg/foot, left
A
Leg/foot, right
G
Restraints and dummy kinematics
A
Important: Frontal crash test ratings should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

The 2010 Mercury Grand Marquis is a twin of the tested vehicle.

The Lincoln Town Car, Ford Crown Victoria, and Mercury Grand Marquis were re-engineered for the 2003 model year. Beginning with 2008 models, the Ford Crown Victoria was sold when new only to fleets. The Mercury Grand Marquis was discontinued after the 2010 model year.

The Insurance Institute for Highway Safety has evaluated the crashworthiness of a 2003 Town Car in two 40 mph frontal offset crash tests into deformable barriers. In the first test, a high acceleration occurred when the dummy's head rebounded against the B-pillar, indicating a possibility of head injury. This led Lincoln to modify the frontal airbag deployment characteristics on models produced after May 2003 (note: information about when a specific vehicle was manufactured is on the certification label typically affixed to the car on or near the driver door).

The Institute tested a second Town Car with the modified airbags, and all head injury measures were low. Ratings of the Town Car listed here are from the second test.

Injury measures

In the second test, measures taken from the head, neck, and chest indicate low risk of injuries to these body regions in a crash of this severity. Forces on the left femur, knee, and tibia indicate that injuries to the leg and knee would be possible. Head acceleration from the roof rail/window frame hit was low.

Restraints and dummy kinematics

Dummy movement was reasonably well controlled in the second test. During rebound, the top of the head hit the roof rail and adjacent window frame between the A- and B-pillars. As in the first test, the driver's seat tipped toward the door.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle2003 Lincoln Town Car Premium Signature 4-door
Weight 4,339 lbs.
Side airbagsfront seat-mounted combination head and torso airbags
Wheelbase118 in.
Length215 in.
Width78 in.
Engine4.6 L V8
EPA ratings17 mpg city / 25 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occcupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test IDCEF0313
Footwell intrusion
Footrest (cm)10
Left (cm)12
Center (cm)14
Right (cm)11
Brake pedal (cm)6
Instrument panel rearward movement
Left (cm)5
Right (cm)5
Steering column movement
Upward (cm)3
Rearward (cm)-3
A-pillar rearward movement (cm)7

Driver injury measures

Test IDCEF0313
Head
HIC-15265
Peak gs at hard contact15
Neck
Tension (kN)1.5
Extension bending moment (Nm)10
Maximum Nij 0.26
Chest maximum compression (mm)36
Legs
Femur force - left (kN)7.5
Femur force - right (kN)2.6
Knee displacement - left (mm)13
Knee displacement - right (mm)0
Maximum tibia index - left0.97
Maximum tibia index - right0.34
Tibia axial force - left (kN)4.2
Tibia axial force - right (kN)2.4
Foot acceleration (g)
Left87
Right60

Applies to 2009-10 models

Overall evaluation
M
Structure and safety cage
P
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
G
Torso
A
Pelvis/leg
P
Head protection
G
Rear passenger injury measures
Head/neck
G
Torso
G
Pelvis/leg
G
Head protection
A
Side crash test ratings can be compared across vehicle categories.

The 2010 Mercury Grand Marquis is a twin of the tested vehicle.

The Ford Crown Victoria and Mercury Grand Marquis were re-engineered for the 2003 model year. Beginning with 2007 models built after July 2006, design changes were made to the optional side airbags and door trim to improve occupant protection in side impact crashes (note: information about when a specific vehicle was manufactured is on the certification label typically affixed to the car on or near the driver door). Beginning with 2008 models, the Ford Crown Victoria was sold when new only to fleets. Beginning with 2009 models of the Crown Victoria and Grand Marquis, side airbags were made standard. The Grand Marquis was discontinued after the 2010 model year.

Two tests of the Crown Victoria were conducted, one a 2007 model with the design changes and equipped with optional side airbags, and the other a 2006 model without side airbags. These vehicles are rated separately, except that the structural ratings and rear passenger injury and head protection ratings for both vehicles are based on both tests.

Injury measures

Driver — Measures taken from the dummy indicate that a fracture of the pelvis would be likely in a crash of this severity. Rib fractures and/or internal organ injuries would also be possible.

Passenger — Measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.

Head protection

Driver — The dummy's head was protected from being hit by any hard structures, including the intruding barrier, by a side airbag that deployed from the seat.

Passenger — The dummy's head was hit by the pillar behind the rear passenger door. This pillar is required by federal standard to provide some protection for occupants' heads.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle2007 Ford Crown Victoria LX 4-door
Weight 4,074 lbs.
Side airbagsoptional front seat-mounted combination head and torso airbags
Wheelbase115 in.
Length212 in.
Width78 in.
Engine4.6 L V8
EPA ratings17 mpg city / 25 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test IDCES0612CES0633
B-pillar to longitudinal centerline of driver's seat (cm)
Negative numbers indicate the amount by which the crush stopped short of the seat centerline.
6.57.0

Driver injury measures

Test IDCES0633
Head HIC-15602
Neck
Tension (kN)2.1
Compression (kN)0.2
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm)42
Lateral force (kN)2.3
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm)37
Average deflection (mm)31
Maximum deflection rate (m/s)6.75
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s)1.09
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN)4.2
Acetabulum force (kN)3.9
Combined force (kN)7.7
Left femur
L-M force (kN)0.8
L-M moment (Nm)173
A-P moment (Nm) -34

Passenger injury measures

Test IDCES0612CES0633
Head HIC-15281226
Neck
Tension (kN)0.81.7
Compression (kN)0.60.2
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm)2430
Lateral force (kN)1.41.6
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm)4145
Average deflection (mm)2023
Maximum deflection rate (m/s)4.084.06
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s)0.760.90
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN)1.11.2
Acetabulum force (kN)3.23.3
Combined force (kN)4.34.2
Left femur
L-M force (kN)0.30.5
L-M moment (Nm)112101
A-P moment (Nm) -32-34

Applies to 2003-10 models

Overall evaluation
M
Dynamic rating
M
Seat/head restraint geometry
A
Important: Ratings for head restraints & seats should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

Seat type

All seats

How this test is conducted

Seat typeAll seats
Geometry
Backset (mm)72
Distance below top of head (mm)65
Seat design parameters
Pass/failPass
Max T1 acceleration (g)8.7
Head contact time (ms)125
Force ratingHigh
Neck forces
Max neck shear force (N)228
Max neck tension (N)735

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