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2010 Mercedes R class

Large SUV
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  • Moderate overlap front
    G
  • Side
    G
  • Head restraints & seats
    G
2009 Mercedes R class shown
2009 Mercedes R class shown
1
Side airbags: head curtain airbags for all three rows of seats and front and second row seat-mounted torso airbags (second row torso airbags standard beginning with 2007 models, optional in 2006 models)
2
Rollover sensor: designed to deploy the side curtain airbags in the event of an impending rollover
3
Electronic stability control
4
Antilock brakes
5
Programmable daytime running lights
Model yearFront small overlapFront moderate overlapSideRoof strengthHead restraints & seats
2012
G
G
G
2011
G
G
G
2010
G
G
G
2009
G
G
G
2008
G
A
G
2007
G
A
G
2006
G
A

Applies to 2006-12 models

Overall evaluation
G
Structure and safety cage
G
Injury measures
Head/neck
G
Chest
G
Leg/foot, left
G
Leg/foot, right
G
Restraints and dummy kinematics
G
Important: Frontal crash test ratings should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

The Mercedes R class was introduced in the 2006 model year and restyled for the 2011 model year. Frontal ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test conducted by Mercedes as part of frontal crash test verification.

Injury measures

Measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity. Head acceleration from the roof rail hit was negligible.

Restraints and dummy kinematics

Dummy movement was well controlled. During rebound, the dummy's head hit the roof rail.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle2007 Mercedes R 500 4wd
Weight 5,176 lbs.
Side airbagshead curtain airbags for all three rows of seats and front and 2nd row seat-mounted torso airbags
Wheelbase127 in.
Length203 in.
Width76 in.
Engine5.0 L V8
EPA ratings14 mpg city / 19 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occcupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test IDVTF0719
Footwell intrusion
Footrest (cm)6
Left (cm)9
Center (cm)10
Right (cm)8
Brake pedal (cm)10
Instrument panel rearward movement
Left (cm)2
Right (cm)0
Steering column movement
Upward (cm)0
Rearward (cm)4
A-pillar rearward movement (cm)2

Driver injury measures

Test IDVTF0719
Head
HIC-15350
Peak gs at hard contactnegligible
Neck
Tension (kN)1.4
Extension bending moment (Nm)15
Maximum Nij 0.40
Chest maximum compression (mm)41
Legs
Femur force - left (kN)2.4
Femur force - right (kN)2.0
Knee displacement - left (mm)3
Knee displacement - right (mm)9
Maximum tibia index - left0.35
Maximum tibia index - right0.63
Tibia axial force - left (kN)1.7
Tibia axial force - right (kN)3.0
Foot acceleration (g)
Left98
Right88

Applies to 2009-12 models

Overall evaluation
G
Structure and safety cage
A
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
G
Torso
G
Pelvis/leg
G
Head protection
G
Rear passenger injury measures
Head/neck
G
Torso
G
Pelvis/leg
G
Head protection
G
Side crash test ratings can be compared across vehicle categories.

The Mercedes R class was introduced in the 2006 model year. Beginning with 2007 models, side torso airbags were made standard for second row seat occupants (they were optional in 2006 models). The vehicle was restyled for the 2011 model year.

Two previous tests of a 2008 R class were conducted, and measures from the driver dummies in these tests, taken together, indicated that rib fractures would be possible. In response, Mercedes modified the front door trim panels and seat belts beginning with 2009 models manufactured after September 2008 (note: information about when a specific vehicle was manufactured is on the certification label typically affixed to the car on or near the driver door). The tested vehicle was manufactured after the modifications had been made, and forces on the driver dummy's ribs were significantly reduced.

The 2009 and later models built after September 2008 are therefore rated separately, except that the structure rating is based on the two previous tests plus the latest test.

Injury measures

Driver — Measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.

Passenger — Measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.

Head protection

Driver — The dummy’s head was protected from being hit by any hard structures, including the intruding barrier, by a side curtain airbag that deployed from the roof and a side airbag that deployed from the seat.

Passenger — The dummy’s head was protected from being hit by any hard structures, including the intruding barrier, by a side curtain airbag that deployed from the roof and a side airbag that deployed from the seat.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle2009 Mercedes R 350 4wd
Weight 5,132 lbs.
Side airbagsstandard head curtain airbags for all three rows of seats and standard front and 2nd row seat-mounted torso airbags
Wheelbase127 in.
Length203 in.
Width77 in.
EngineLongitudinal 3.5-liter V6, 7-speed automatic, 4-wheel drive
EPA ratings15 mpg city / 19 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test IDCES0805CES0816CES0905
B-pillar to longitudinal centerline of driver's seat (cm)
Negative numbers indicate the amount by which the crush stopped short of the seat centerline.
-11.0-10.0-11.5

Driver injury measures

Test IDCES0905
Head HIC-1585
Neck
Tension (kN)1.1
Compression (kN)0.0
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm)40
Lateral force (kN)1.8
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm)41
Average deflection (mm)35
Maximum deflection rate (m/s)3.89
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s)0.56
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN)1.4
Acetabulum force (kN)1.4
Combined force (kN)2.8
Left femur
L-M force (kN)0.4
L-M moment (Nm)138
A-P moment (Nm) -31

Passenger injury measures

Test IDCES0905
Head HIC-1525
Neck
Tension (kN)0.4
Compression (kN)0.2
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm)8
Lateral force (kN)0.6
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm)8
Average deflection (mm)6
Maximum deflection rate (m/s)0.85
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s)0.04
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN)0.3
Acetabulum force (kN)0.8
Combined force (kN)0.9
Left femur
L-M force (kN)0.3
L-M moment (Nm)93
A-P moment (Nm) -47

Applies to 2008-12 models

Overall evaluation
G
Dynamic rating
G
Seat/head restraint geometry
G
Important: Ratings for head restraints & seats should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

Seat type

Seats without auto-adjust head restraints (AHR)

How this test is conducted

Seat typeSeats without auto-adjust head restraints (AHR)
Geometry
Backset (mm)46
Distance below top of head (mm)28
Seat design parameters
Pass/failPass
Max T1 acceleration (g)13.7
Head contact time (ms)60
Force ratingLow
Neck forces
Max neck shear force (N)114
Max neck tension (N)466

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