Applies to 2007-09 models built before October 2008
|Structure and safety cage|
|Driver injury measures|
|Rear passenger injury measures|
|Side crash test ratings can be compared across vehicle categories.
The Mercedes R class was introduced in the 2006 model year. Beginning with 2007 models, side torso airbags were made standard for second row seat occupants (they were optional in 2006 models).
Two tests of a 2008 R class were conducted because in the first test, the airbag warning lamp remained illuminated prior to the test, indicating a possible airbag malfunction. Mercedes diagnostics indicated the fault was confined to the second row right torso airbag, opposite the rear dummy's seating position. Nevertheless, the second test was conducted to determine if the airbag fault warning influenced the results. The second test (without a fault warning) produced very similar injury measures, which confirm the validity of the first test. Therefore, all ratings except for structure are based on averaged results from both tests. The structure rating is based on the two tests of 2008 models plus a later test of a 2009 model.
Driver — Measures taken from the dummies in the two tests, taken together, indicate that rib fractures would be possible in a crash of this severity. The risk of significant injuries to other body regions is low.
Passenger — Measures taken from the dummy in both tests indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.
Driver — In both tests, the dummy’s head was protected from being hit by any hard structures, including the intruding barrier, by a side curtain airbag that deployed from the roof and a side airbag that deployed from the seat.
Passenger — In both tests, the dummy’s head was protected from being hit by any hard structures, including the intruding barrier, by a side curtain airbag that deployed from the roof.
Tested vehicle specifications
|Tested vehicle||2008 Mercedes R 350 4wd|
|Weight|| 4,948 lbs.|
|Side airbags||standard head curtain airbags for all three rows of seats and standard front and 2nd row seat-mounted torso airbags
|Engine||3.5 L V6|
|EPA ratings||15 mpg city / 19 mpg highway|
How this test is conducted
Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side
|B-pillar to longitudinal centerline of driver's seat (cm) |
Negative numbers indicate the amount by which the crush stopped short of the seat centerline.
Driver injury measures
|Lateral deflection (mm)||47||47|
|Lateral force (kN)||1.8||1.8|
|Maximum deflection (mm)||51||50|
|Average deflection (mm)||41||43|
|Maximum deflection rate (m/s)||4.30||3.97|
|Maximum viscous criterion (m/s)||0.88||0.98|
|Iliac force (kN)||1.2||1.0|
|Acetabulum force (kN)||1.7||2.1|
|Combined force (kN)||2.9||3.1|
Passenger injury measures
|Lateral deflection (mm)||10||8|
|Lateral force (kN)||0.8||0.6|
|Maximum deflection (mm)||12||12|
|Average deflection (mm)||11||10|
|Maximum deflection rate (m/s)||2.02||1.88|
|Maximum viscous criterion (m/s)||0.09||0.11|
|Iliac force (kN)||1.1||0.5|
|Acetabulum force (kN)||0.6||0.5|
|Combined force (kN)||1.6||0.9|