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1999 Mercedes E class 4-door

Large luxury car
  • Moderate overlap front
    A
1997 Mercedes E class 4-door shown
1997 Mercedes E class 4-door shown
1
Side airbags: front seat-mounted torso airbags; front and rear head curtain airbags (beginning with 1999 models); rear seat-mounted torso airbags (2000 models)
2
Automatic adjusting head restraints designed to move up or down as the seat is adjusted forward or rearward
3
Electronic stability control (optional beginning with 1997 models and standard beginning with 2000 models)
4
Antilock brakes
Model yearFront small overlapFront moderate overlapSideRoof strengthHead restraints & seats
2014
G
G
G
G
2013
G
G
G
G
2012
G
G
G
G
2011
G
G
G
G
2010
G
G
G
G
2009
G
A
G
2008
G
A
G
2007
G
A
G
2006
G
G
2005
G
A
2004
G
A
2003
G
2002
G
2001
G
2000
G
1999
A
1998
A
1997
A

Applies to 1997-2000 models

Overall evaluation
A
Structure and safety cage
G
Injury measures
Head/neck
G
Chest
G
Leg/foot, left
G
Leg/foot, right
G
Restraints and dummy kinematics
P
Important: Frontal crash test ratings should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

The Mercedes E class was redesigned for the 1996 model year. All 1997-2000 E class models manufactured after January 1997 but before February 2000 include structural changes to improve protection in frontal crashes. Additional structural changes were made beginning with the 2000 E class models manufactured after January 2000, so the listed ratings do not apply to the latest models (note: information about when a specific vehicle was manufactured is on the certification label typically affixed to the car on or near the driver door).

The Insurance Institute for Highway Safety has evaluated the crashworthiness of of a 1997 model E 420 with the first set of structural changes in a 40 mph frontal offset crash test into a deformable barrier.

Injury measures

Measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity. Head acceleration from the window sill hit was low.

Restraints and dummy kinematics

Dummy movement wasn't well controlled. During rebound, the dummy's head hit the window sill. There was too much upward movement of the steering wheel. Late in the crash, the driver door opened. This opening didn't significantly affect dummy movement during the test but shouldn't happen because, in some crashes, it could allow partial or complete occupant ejection.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle1997 Mercedes E 420 4-door
Weight 3,697 lbs.
Side airbagsfront seat-mounted torso airbags
Wheelbase112 in.
Length189 in.
Width71 in.
Engine4.2 L V8
EPA ratings18 mpg city / 25 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occcupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test IDCF97005
Footwell intrusion
Footrest (cm)14
Left (cm)19
Center (cm)17
Right (cm)13
Brake pedal (cm)15
Instrument panel rearward movement
Left (cm)5
Right (cm)3
Steering column movement
Upward (cm)10
Rearward (cm)-3
A-pillar rearward movement (cm)9

Driver injury measures

Test IDCF97005
Head
HIC-15305
Peak gs at hard contact29
Neck
Tension (kN)2.0
Extension bending moment (Nm)19
Maximum Nij 0.37
Chest maximum compression (mm)35
Legs
Femur force - left (kN)5.5
Femur force - right (kN)3.2
Knee displacement - left (mm)5
Knee displacement - right (mm)2
Maximum tibia index - left0.33
Maximum tibia index - right0.43
Tibia axial force - left (kN)0.6
Tibia axial force - right (kN)0.6
Foot acceleration (g)
Left76
Right68

©1996-2014, Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, Highway Loss Data Institute | www.iihs.org