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2005 Mercedes C class

Midsize luxury/near luxury car
  • Moderate overlap front
    G
  • Side
    A
  • Head restraints & seats
    M
1
Side airbags: front and rear head curtain airbags and front and rear door-mounted torso airbags (rear torso airbags standard in 2005 models, optional in 2006-07 models)
2
Automatically adjusting head restraints in front seats designed to move up or down as seats are adjusted forward or rearward
3
Electronic stability control
4
Antilock brakes
5
Driver programmable headlights can serve as daytime running lights
Model yearFront small overlapFront moderate overlapSideRoof strengthHead restraints & seats
2014
M
G
G
G
G
2013
M
G
G
G
G
2012
P
G
G
G
G
2011
P
G
G
G
G
2010
P
G
G
G
G
2009
G
G
G
G
2008
G
G
G
2007
G
A
A
2006
G
A
A
2005
G
A
M
2004
G
M
2003
G
2002
G
2001
G

Applies to 2001-07 models

Overall evaluation
G
Structure and safety cage
G
Injury measures
Head/neck
G
Chest
G
Leg/foot, left
G
Leg/foot, right
G
Restraints and dummy kinematics
G
Important: Frontal crash test ratings should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

The Mercedes C class was redesigned for the 2001 model year.

Injury measures

Measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity. Head acceleration from the B-pillar hit was low.

Restraints and dummy kinematics

Dummy movement was well controlled. During rebound, the dummy's head hit the B-pillar.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle2001 Mercedes C 320 4-door
Weight 3,395 lbs.
Side airbagsfront and rear head curtain airbags and front and rear door-mounted torso airbags
Wheelbase107 in.
Length178 in.
Width68 in.
Engine3.2 L V6
EPA ratings19 mpg city / 26 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occcupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test IDCF00033
Footwell intrusion
Footrest (cm)2
Left (cm)2
Center (cm)3
Right (cm)2
Brake pedal (cm)2
Instrument panel rearward movement
Left (cm)-1
Right (cm)0
Steering column movement
Upward (cm)2
Rearward (cm)0
A-pillar rearward movement (cm)0

Driver injury measures

Test IDCF00033
Head
HIC-15251
Peak gs at hard contact44
Neck
Tension (kN)2.0
Extension bending moment (Nm)32
Maximum Nij 0.32
Chest maximum compression (mm)33
Legs
Femur force - left (kN)4.2
Femur force - right (kN)4.3
Knee displacement - left (mm)7
Knee displacement - right (mm)1
Maximum tibia index - left0.46
Maximum tibia index - right0.42
Tibia axial force - left (kN)2.1
Tibia axial force - right (kN)3.4
Foot acceleration (g)
Left54
Right57

Applies to 2005 models

Overall evaluation
A
Structure and safety cage
A
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
G
Torso
M
Pelvis/leg
G
Head protection
G
Rear passenger injury measures
Head/neck
G
Torso
G
Pelvis/leg
G
Head protection
G
Side crash test ratings can be compared across vehicle categories.

The Mercedes C class was redesigned for the 2001 model year. Modifications were made to the front seats and side airbags beginning with 2005 models to improve occupant protection in side-impact crashes. Beginning with 2006 models, the side airbags designed to protect rear passengers' torsos became optional (standard in 2005 models).

Injury measures

Driver — Measures taken from the dummy indicate that rib fractures and/or internal organ injuries would be possible in a crash of this severity. The risk of significant injuries to other body regions is low.

Passenger — Measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.

Head protection

Driver — The dummy's head was protected from being hit by any hard structures, including the intruding barrier, by a side curtain airbag that deployed from the roof and a side airbag that deployed from the door.

Passenger — The dummy's head was protected from being hit by any hard structures, including the intruding barrier, by a side curtain airbag that deployed from the roof and a side airbag that deployed from the door.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle2005 Mercedes C 240 4-door
Weight 3,347 lbs.
Side airbagsstandard front and rear head curtain airbags and standard front and rear door-mounted torso airbags
Wheelbase107 in.
Length178 in.
Width68 in.
Engine2.6 L V6
EPA ratings19 mpg city / 24 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test IDCES0413
B-pillar to longitudinal centerline of driver's seat (cm)
Negative numbers indicate the amount by which the crush stopped short of the seat centerline.
-8.0

Driver injury measures

Test IDCES0413
Head HIC-15288
Neck
Tension (kN)1.5
Compression (kN)0.4
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm)59
Lateral force (kN)2.2
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm)54
Average deflection (mm)45
Maximum deflection rate (m/s)5.93
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s)1.28
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN)0.7
Acetabulum force (kN)1.6
Combined force (kN)2.3
Left femur
L-M force (kN)0.2
L-M moment (Nm)78
A-P moment (Nm) 48

Passenger injury measures

Test IDCES0413
Head HIC-15142
Neck
Tension (kN)0.2
Compression (kN)1.0
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm)24
Lateral force (kN)1.0
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm)27
Average deflection (mm)23
Maximum deflection rate (m/s)2.62
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s)0.30
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN)3.3
Acetabulum force (kN)1.7
Combined force (kN)5.0
Left femur
L-M force (kN)0.6
L-M moment (Nm)59
A-P moment (Nm) -22

Applies to 2004-05 models

Overall evaluation
M
Dynamic rating
M
Seat/head restraint geometry
G
Important: Head restraints & seats ratings should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

Seat type

Seats with auto-adjust head restraints

How this test is conducted

Seat typeSeats with auto-adjust head restraints
Geometry
Backset (mm)45
Distance below top of head (mm)-15
Seat design parameters
Pass/failFail
Max T1 acceleration (g)12.1
Head contact time (ms)74
Force ratingModerate
Neck forces
Max neck shear force (N)193
Max neck tension (N)836

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