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2010 Mercedes-Benz R-Class

Large SUV
2009 Mercedes R class shown
2009 Mercedes R class shown
Crashworthiness
  • Moderate overlap front
    G
  • Side
    G
  • Head restraints & seats
    G


Ratings shown are the latest available for this model year.
See below for ratings based on manufacture date.

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The photos and videos shown here may be of a different model, model year or body type from the one selected. The ratings of one vehicle often apply to other models if they are built on the same platform. In addition, a test of a vehicle from one model year may apply to earlier or later model years if the vehicle hasn't been significantly redesigned.

Model year Small overlap front Moderate overlap front Side Roof strength Head restraints & seats Front crash prevention Headlights LATCH ease of use
Driver Passenger
2012
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
2011
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
2010
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
2009
G
A
G
Crash avoidance rating
2008
G
A
G
Crash avoidance rating
2007
G
A
G
Crash avoidance rating
2006
G
A
Crash avoidance rating

Applies to 2006-12 models

Overall evaluation
G
Structure and safety cage
G
Injury measures
Head/neck
G
Chest
G
Leg/foot, left
G
Leg/foot, right
G
Restraints and dummy kinematics
G
Important: Frontal crash test ratings should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

The Mercedes-Benz R-Class was introduced in the 2006 model year and restyled for the 2011 model year. Frontal ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test conducted by Mercedes-Benz as part of frontal crash test verification.

Injury measures

Measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity. Head acceleration from the roof rail hit was negligible.

Restraints and dummy kinematics

Dummy movement was well controlled. During rebound, the dummy's head hit the roof rail.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle 2007 Mercedes-Benz R 500 4-door 4wd
Weight 5,176 lbs.
Side airbags head curtain airbags for all three rows of seats and front and 2nd row seat-mounted torso airbags
Wheelbase 127 in.
Length 203 in.
Width 76 in.
Engine 5.0 L V8
EPA ratings 14 mpg city / 19 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occcupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID VTF0719
Footwell intrusion
Footrest (cm) 6
Left (cm) 9
Center (cm) 10
Right (cm) 8
Brake pedal (cm) 10
Instrument panel rearward movement
Left (cm) 2
Right (cm) 0
Steering column movement
Upward (cm) 0
Rearward (cm) -4
A-pillar rearward movement (cm) 2

Driver injury measures

Test ID VTF0719
Head
HIC-15 350
Peak gs at hard contact negligible
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.4
Extension bending moment (Nm) 15
Maximum Nij 0.40
Chest maximum compression (mm) 41
Legs
Femur force - left (kN) 2.4
Femur force - right (kN) 2.0
Knee displacement - left (mm) 3
Knee displacement - right (mm) 9
Maximum tibia index - left 0.35
Maximum tibia index - right 0.63
Tibia axial force - left (kN) 1.7
Tibia axial force - right (kN) 3.0
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 98
Right 88

Applies to 2009-12 models built after September 2008

Overall evaluation
G
Structure and safety cage
A
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
G
Torso
G
Pelvis/leg
G
Head protection
G
Rear passenger injury measures
Head/neck
G
Torso
G
Pelvis/leg
G
Head protection
G
Side crash test ratings can be compared across vehicle categories.

The Mercedes-Benz R-Class was introduced in the 2006 model year. Beginning with 2007 models, side torso airbags were made standard for second row seat occupants (they were optional in 2006 models). The vehicle was restyled for the 2011 model year.

Two previous tests of a 2008 R-Class were conducted, and measures from the driver dummies in these tests, taken together, indicated that rib fractures would be possible. In response, Mercedes-Benz modified the front door trim panels and seat belts beginning with 2009 models manufactured after September 2008 (note: information about when a specific vehicle was manufactured is on the certification label typically affixed to the car on or near the driver door). The tested vehicle was manufactured after the modifications had been made, and forces on the driver dummy's ribs were significantly reduced.

The 2009 and later models built after September 2008 are therefore rated separately, except that the structure rating is based on the two previous tests plus the latest test.

Injury measures

Driver — Measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.

Passenger — Measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.

Head protection

Driver — The dummy’s head was protected from being hit by any hard structures, including the intruding barrier, by a side curtain airbag that deployed from the roof and a side airbag that deployed from the seat.

Passenger — The dummy’s head was protected from being hit by any hard structures, including the intruding barrier, by a side curtain airbag that deployed from the roof and a side airbag that deployed from the seat.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle 2009 Mercedes-Benz R 350 4-door 4wd
Weight 5,132 lbs.
Side airbags standard head curtain airbags for all three rows of seats and standard front and 2nd row seat-mounted torso airbags
Wheelbase 127 in.
Length 203 in.
Width 77 in.
Engine 3.5 L V6
EPA ratings 15 mpg city / 19 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CES0805 CES0816 CES0905
B-pillar to longitudinal centerline of driver's seat (cm)
Negative numbers indicate the amount by which the crush stopped short of the seat centerline.
-11.0 -10.0 -11.5

Driver injury measures

Test ID CES0905
Head HIC-15 85
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.1
Compression (kN) 0.0
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 40
Lateral force (kN) 1.8
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 41
Average deflection (mm) 35
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 3.89
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.56
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 1.4
Acetabulum force (kN) 1.4
Combined force (kN) 2.8
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 0.4
L-M moment (Nm) 138
A-P moment (Nm) -31

Passenger injury measures

Test ID CES0905
Head HIC-15 25
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.4
Compression (kN) 0.2
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 8
Lateral force (kN) 0.6
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 8
Average deflection (mm) 6
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 0.85
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.04
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 0.3
Acetabulum force (kN) 0.8
Combined force (kN) 0.9
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 0.3
L-M moment (Nm) 93
A-P moment (Nm) -47

Applies to 2008-12 models

Overall evaluation
G
Dynamic rating
G
Seat/head restraint geometry
G
Important: Ratings for head restraints & seats should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

Seat type

Seats without auto-adjust head restraints AHR

How this test is conducted

Seat type Seats without auto-adjust head restraints AHR
Geometry
Backset (mm) 46
Distance below top of head (mm) 28
Seat design parameters
Pass/fail Pass
Max T1 acceleration (g) 13.7
Head contact time (ms) 60
Force rating 1
Neck forces
Max neck shear force (N) 114
Max neck tension (N) 466
1
Side airbags: head curtain airbags for all three rows of seats and front and second row seat-mounted torso airbags (second row torso airbags standard beginning with 2007 models, optional in 2006 models)
2
Rollover sensor: designed to deploy the side curtain airbags in the event of an impending rollover
3
Electronic stability control
4
Antilock brakes
5
Programmable daytime running lights

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