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2016 Mercedes-Benz E-Class

Large luxury car
2015 Mercedes E class shown
2015 Mercedes E class shown
Crashworthiness
  • Small overlap front
  • Driver-side
    G
  • Passenger-side
  • Moderate overlap front
    G
  • Side
    G
  • Roof strength
    G
  • Head restraints & seats
    G

Crash avoidance & Mitigation
Front crash prevention
Crash avoidance rating
Superior
with optional
equipment

Child Seat Anchors (LATCH)
ease of use
G


Ratings shown are the latest available for this model year.
See below for ratings based on manufacture date.

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The photos and videos shown here may be of a different model, model year or body type from the one selected. The ratings of one vehicle often apply to other models if they are built on the same platform. In addition, a test of a vehicle from one model year may apply to earlier or later model years if the vehicle hasn't been significantly redesigned.

Model year Small overlap front Moderate overlap front Side Roof strength Head restraints & seats Front crash prevention Headlights LATCH ease of use
Driver Passenger
2017
G
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
Superior
G
G
2016
G
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
Superior
G
2015
G
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
Superior
A
2014
G
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
Superior
A
2013
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
Basic
autobrake
not tested
2012
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
2011
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
2010
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
2009
G
A
G
Crash avoidance rating
2008
G
A
G
Crash avoidance rating
2007
G
A
G
Crash avoidance rating
2006
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
2005
G
A
Crash avoidance rating
2004
G
A
Crash avoidance rating
2003
G
Crash avoidance rating
2002
G
Crash avoidance rating
2001
G
Crash avoidance rating
2000
G
Crash avoidance rating
1999
A
Crash avoidance rating
1998
A
Crash avoidance rating
1997
A
Crash avoidance rating

Applies to 2014-16 models built after January 2014

Overall evaluation
G
Structure and safety cage
G
Injury measures
Head/neck
G
Chest
G
Hip/thigh
G
Lower leg/foot
A
Restraints and dummy kinematics
A
Important: Frontal crash test ratings should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

The Mercedes-Benz E-class was redesigned for the 2010 model year. Beginning with 2014 models manufactured after January 2014, the footwell area of the occupant compartment was strengthened to improve occupant protection in small overlap frontal crashes. (Information about when a specific vehicle was manufactured is on the certification label typically affixed to the car on the driver door or adjacent B-pillar.)

Structure

The driver space was maintained well, with maximum intrusion of the lower interior of 8 cm at the footrest and 7 cm at the parking brake pedal. Upper interior intrusion measured 2-3 cm at the upper hinge pillar and instrument panel.

Injury measures

Measures from the dummy indicate that injuries to the left and right lower legs would be possible in a crash of this severity. The risk of significant injuries to other body regions is low, including head injury risk from the A-pillar hit.

Restraints and dummy kinematics

The dummy’s head mostly remained in contact with the frontal airbag, but the head still hit the A-pillar because the seat belt allowed excessive forward excursion of the dummy's head and torso. The side curtain airbag deployed and had sufficient forward coverage to protect the head from contact with side structure and outside objects.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle 2014 Mercedes-Benz E 350 4-door
Weight 3,990 lbs.
Side airbags front and rear head curtain airbags and front seat-mounted torso airbags
Wheelbase 113 in.
Length 192 in.
Width 73 in.
Engine 3.5 L V6
EPA ratings 21 mpg city / 31 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CEN1421
Lower occupant compartment
Lower hinge pillar max (cm) 4
Footrest (cm) 8
Left toepan (cm) 5
Brake pedal (cm) 4
Parking brake (cm) 7
Rocker panel lateral average (cm) 2
Upper occupant compartment
Steering column 0
Upper hinge pillar max (cm) 3
Upper dash (cm) 2
Lower instrument panel (cm) 2

Driver injury measures

Test ID CEN1421
Head
HIC-15 164
Peak gs at hard contact negligible
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.2
Extension bending moment (Nm) 5
Maximum Nij 0.23
Chest maximum compression (mm) 27
Femur (kN)
Left 2.6
Right 3.2
Knee displacement (mm)
Left 2
Right 2
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left 0
Right 1
Maximum tibia index
Left 0.71
Right 0.73
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left 4.6
Right 5.1
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 101
Right 88

Applies to 2010-16 models

Overall evaluation
G
Structure and safety cage
G
Injury measures
Head/neck
G
Chest
G
Leg/foot, left
G
Leg/foot, right
G
Restraints and dummy kinematics
G
Important: Frontal crash test ratings should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

The Mercedes-Benz E-Class was redesigned for the 2010 model year. Frontal ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test conducted by Mercedes-Benz as part of frontal crash test verification.

Injury measures

Measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity. Head acceleration from the roof rail hit was negligible.

Restraints and dummy kinematics

Dummy movement was well controlled. During rebound, the dummy's head hit the roof rail.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle 2010 Mercedes-Benz E 350 4-door
Weight 3,774 lbs.
Side airbags front and rear head curtain airbags and front seat-mounted torso airbags
Wheelbase 113 in.
Length 192 in.
Width 73 in.
Engine 3.5 L V6
EPA ratings 18 mpg city / 26 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occcupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID VTF1001
Footwell intrusion
Footrest (cm) 1
Left (cm) 1
Center (cm) 2
Right (cm) 2
Brake pedal (cm) 2
Instrument panel rearward movement
Left (cm) -1
Right (cm) -1
Steering column movement
Upward (cm) -4
Rearward (cm) -8
A-pillar rearward movement (cm) 0

Driver injury measures

Test ID VTF1001
Head
HIC-15 245
Peak gs at hard contact negligible
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.6
Extension bending moment (Nm) 10
Maximum Nij 0.37
Chest maximum compression (mm) 45
Legs
Femur force - left (kN) 2.3
Femur force - right (kN) 2.6
Knee displacement - left (mm) 3
Knee displacement - right (mm) 5
Maximum tibia index - left 0.47
Maximum tibia index - right 0.60
Tibia axial force - left (kN) 2.8
Tibia axial force - right (kN) 3.6
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 73
Right 63

Applies to 2010-16 models built after April 2010

Overall evaluation
G
Structure and safety cage
G
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
G
Torso
G
Pelvis/leg
G
Head protection
G
Rear passenger injury measures
Head/neck
G
Torso
G
Pelvis/leg
G
Head protection
G
Side crash test ratings can be compared across vehicle categories.

The Mercedes-Benz E-Class was redesigned for the 2010 model year. Beginning with 2010 models built after April 2010, design changes were made to the front and rear door trim to improve occupant protection in side impact crashes. (Information about when a specific vehicle was manufactured is on the certification label typically affixed to the car on the driver door or adjacent B-pillar.)

Injury measures

Driver — Measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.

Passenger — Measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.

Head protection

Driver — The dummy’s head was protected from being hit by any hard structures, including the intruding barrier, by a side curtain airbag that deployed from the roof and a side airbag that deployed from the seat.

Passenger — The dummy’s head was protected from being hit by any hard structures, including the intruding barrier, by a side curtain airbag that deployed from the roof.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle 2010 Mercedes-Benz E 350 4-door
Weight 3,880 lbs.
Side airbags standard front and rear head curtain airbags and standard front seat-mounted torso airbags
Wheelbase 113 in.
Length 192 in.
Width 73 in.
Engine 3.5 L V6
EPA ratings 18 mpg city / 26 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CES1002
B-pillar to longitudinal centerline of driver's seat (cm)
Negative numbers indicate the amount by which the crush stopped short of the seat centerline.
-24.0

Driver injury measures

Test ID CES1002
Head HIC-15 177
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.0
Compression (kN) 0.4
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 37
Lateral force (kN) 1.6
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 38
Average deflection (mm) 32
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 2.85
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.51
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 1.9
Acetabulum force (kN) 2.0
Combined force (kN) 3.7
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 0.1
L-M moment (Nm) 80
A-P moment (Nm) 36

Passenger injury measures

Test ID CES1002
Head HIC-15 82
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.4
Compression (kN) 0.3
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 17
Lateral force (kN) 1.3
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 28
Average deflection (mm) 20
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 2.79
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.31
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 0.6
Acetabulum force (kN) 1.8
Combined force (kN) 2.3
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 0.3
L-M moment (Nm) 40
A-P moment (Nm) -38

Applies to 2010-16 models

Overall evaluation
G
Curb weight 3,880 lbs
Peak force 20,961 lbs
Strength-to-weight ratio 5.40
Tested vehicle
2010 Mercedes-Benz E 350 4-door
Roof strength test ratings can be compared across vehicle categories.

In the test, the strength of the roof is determined by pushing a metal plate against one side of it at a slow but constant speed. The force applied relative to the vehicle's weight is known as the strength-to-weight ratio. This graph shows how the ratio varied as the test of this vehicle progressed. The peak strength-to-weight ratio recorded at any time before the roof is crushed 5 inches is the key measurement of roof strength.

A good rating requires a strength-to-weight ratio of at least 4. In other words, the roof must withstand a force of at least 4 times the vehicle's weight before the plate crushes the roof by 5 inches. For an acceptable rating, the minimum required strength-to-weight ratio is 3.25. For a marginal rating, it is 2.5. Anything lower than that is poor.

How this test is conducted

Applies to 2010-16 models

Overall evaluation
G
Dynamic rating
G
Seat/head restraint geometry
G
Important: Ratings for head restraints & seats should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

Seat type

Seats with auto-adjust head restraint AHR

How this test is conducted

Seat type Seats with auto-adjust head restraint AHR
Geometry
Backset (mm) 22
Distance below top of head (mm) -24
Seat design parameters
Pass/fail Pass
Max T1 acceleration (g) 12.7
Head contact time (ms) 46
Force rating 1
Neck forces
Max neck shear force (N) 29
Max neck tension (N) 427

Applies to 2015-16 models

System details

  • Optional Pre-Safe Brake
  • Standard Collision Prevention Assist Plus

Package name

  • Optional Driver Assistance Package

Overall evaluation

Crash avoidance rating
Superior
with optional
equipment
6 points total

Forward collision warning

This system meets the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration's criteria for forward collision warning.
1 point

Low-speed autobrake

In the 12 mph IIHS test, this vehicle avoided a collision.
2 points

High-speed autobrake

In the 25 mph IIHS test, this vehicle avoided a collision.
3 points

How this rating is determined

Applies to 2015-16 models

System details

  • Standard Collision Prevention Assist Plus

Overall evaluation

Crash avoidance rating
Advanced
4 points total

Forward collision warning

This system does not meet the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration's criteria for forward collision warning.
0 points

Low-speed autobrake

In the 12 mph IIHS test, this vehicle avoided a collision.
2 points

High-speed autobrake

In the 25 mph IIHS test, impact speed was reduced by 21 mph.
2 points

How this rating is determined

Applies to 2016 models

How this rating is determined

Overall evaluation

G
Vehicle trim E 400
Seat type leather

This vehicle has 2 rear seating positions with complete child seat attachment (LATCH) hardware.

It has 1 additional seating position with a tether anchor only.

1 2 3


Good
Acceptable
Marginal
Poor
Seating positions that rely on borrowed lower anchors or have only a tether anchor available are not rated.
Tether anchor
Lower anchors
Lower anchor(s) can be borrowed from adjacent positions(s)
No hardware available

Details by seating position

1
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
no other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
not too deep in seat
not too much force needed to attach
easy to maneuver around anchors
2
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
no other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
none available
3
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
no other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
not too deep in seat
not too much force needed to attach
easy to maneuver around anchors

Seat position 21

3
Lower anchor A
Open access rated Yes
Depth Visible
Force (lbs) 6
Clearance angle (degrees) 60
Lower anchor B
Open access rated Yes
Depth Visible
Force (lbs) 10
Clearance angle (degrees) 56
Tether anchor
Location Rear deck
Confusing hardware present No
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
No

Seat position 22

2
Lower anchor A
No lower latch for this seat position
Lower anchor B
No lower latch for this seat position
Tether anchor
Location Rear deck
Confusing hardware present No
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
No

Seat position 23

1
Lower anchor A
Open access rated Yes
Depth Visible
Force (lbs) 5
Clearance angle (degrees) 57
Lower anchor B
Open access rated Yes
Depth Visible
Force (lbs) 5
Clearance angle (degrees) 61
Tether anchor
Location Rear deck
Confusing hardware present No
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
No
1
Side airbags: front and rear head curtain airbags and front seat-mounted torso airbags (standard); rear seat-mounted torso airbags (optional)
2
Rollover sensor: designed to deploy the side curtain airbags in the event of an impending rollover
3
Driver knee airbag: a separate airbag in the lower instrument panel designed to minimize knee injuries in frontal crashes
4
Automatically adjusting head restraints in front seats move up or down as seats are adjusted forward or rearward
5
Electronic stability control
6
Antilock brakes
7
Programmable daytime running lights

©1996-2016, Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, Highway Loss Data Institute | www.iihs.org