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2002 Mazda Tribute

Small SUV
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  • Moderate overlap front
    M
  • Side without optional side airbags
    P
  • Side with optional side airbags
    G
1
Side airbags: front seat-mounted combination head and torso airbags (optional in 2001-04 models); front and rear head curtain airbags (optional in 2005 and later models); front seat-mounted torso airbags added in 2005 and later models manufactured after August 2004 (optional)
2
Rollover sensor: designed to deploy the side curtain airbags, if equipped, in the event of an impending rollover
3
Antilock brakes (optional)
Model yearFront small overlapFront moderate overlapSideRoof strengthHead restraints & seats
2011
G
G
M
G
2010
G
G
M
G
2009
G
G
M
G
2008
A
G
M
A
2007
A
2006
A
G
P
A
2005
A
G
P
A
2004
M
G
P
2003
M
G
P
2002
M
G
P
2001
M
G
P

Applies to 2001-04 models

Overall evaluation
M
Structure and safety cage
M
Injury measures
Head/neck
A
Chest
G
Leg/foot, left
G
Leg/foot, right
P
Restraints and dummy kinematics
G
Important: Frontal crash test ratings should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

The 2002 Mazda Tribute is a twin of the tested vehicle.

The Ford Escape and Mazda Tribute were introduced in the 2001 model year.

Injury measures

Measures taken from the chest indicate low risk of injuries to this body region. High head accelerations occurred when the dummy's head hit both the steering wheel through the airbag and the B-pillar, indicating that head injuries would be possible. Forces on the right tibia indicate that injuries to the lower leg would be likely. (Note: during the test, some injury data from the left leg was lost, but after the Institute reviewed comparable test data from Ford and Mazda, the left leg injury risk was rated good.)

Restraints and dummy kinematics

Dummy movement was reasonably well controlled. During rebound, the dummy's head hit the B-pillar.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle2001 Ford Escape XLS 4wd
Weight 3,408 lbs.
Side airbagsfront seat-mounted combination head and torso airbags
Wheelbase103 in.
Length173 in.
Width70 in.
Engine3.0 L V6
EPA ratings18 mpg city / 24 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occcupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test IDCEF0105
Footwell intrusion
Footrest (cm)18
Left (cm)27
Center (cm)31
Right (cm)22
Brake pedal (cm)22
Instrument panel rearward movement
Left (cm)8
Right (cm)6
Steering column movement
Upward (cm)4
Rearward (cm)-7
A-pillar rearward movement (cm)11

Driver injury measures

Test IDCEF0105
Head
HIC-15550
Peak gs at hard contact89
Neck
Tension (kN)2.3
Extension bending moment (Nm)36
Maximum Nij 0.51
Chest maximum compression (mm)24
Legs
Femur force - left (kN)4.0
Femur force - right (kN)4.7
Knee displacement - left (mm)4
Knee displacement - right (mm)6
Maximum tibia index - left0.56
Maximum tibia index - right1.13
Tibia axial force - left (kN)1.9
Tibia axial force - right (kN)9.3
Foot acceleration (g)
Left61
Right207

Applies to 2001-06 models

Overall evaluation
P
Structure and safety cage
A
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
A
Torso
P
Pelvis/leg
G
Head protection
P
Rear passenger injury measures
Head/neck
G
Torso
G
Pelvis/leg
G
Head protection
A
Side crash test ratings can be compared across vehicle categories.

The 2002 Mazda Tribute is a twin of the tested vehicle.

The Ford Escape and Mazda Tribute were introduced in the 2001 model year, and the Mercury Mariner was introduced in 2005. The Mazda Tribute skipped the 2007 model year but reappeared the following year.

Two tests of a 2003 Escape were conducted, one with an optional side airbag for the driver, and one without. A third test of an Escape, a 2005 model, was conducted because the side airbags were changed beginning with 2005 models to include protection for the rear passenger. These vehicles are rated separately, except that the injury and head protection ratings for the rear passenger are based on both tests of the 2003 models. Structural ratings for the three vehicles are based on all three tests.

Note: These ratings and specifications do not apply to the hybrid (gas-electric) versions of the Escape and Mariner.

Injury measures

Driver — Measures taken from the dummy indicate that rib fractures and/or internal organ injuries would be likely in a crash of this severity. Serious brain and neck injuries would also be possible. In addition, loading to the shoulder was excessive.

Passenger — Measures taken from the dummies in the two tests of the 2003 model, taken together, indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.

Head protection

Driver — The dummy's head was hit by the intruding barrier, producing moderately high head injury measures.

Passenger — In both tests of the 2003 model, the dummy's head was hit by the pillar behind the rear passenger door. This pillar is required by federal standard to provide some protection for occupants' heads.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle2003 Ford Escape XLT 4wd
Weight 3,479 lbs.
Side airbagsnone
Wheelbase103 in.
Length173 in.
Width70 in.
Engine3.0 L V6
EPA ratings18 mpg city / 23 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test IDCES0310CES0311CES0424
B-pillar to longitudinal centerline of driver's seat (cm)
Negative numbers indicate the amount by which the crush stopped short of the seat centerline.
-6.5-7.5-5.5

Driver injury measures

Test IDCES0311
Head HIC-15733
Neck
Tension (kN)2.2
Compression (kN)0.3
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm)65
Lateral force (kN)4.0
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm)57
Average deflection (mm)48
Maximum deflection rate (m/s)5.64
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s)1.57
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN)1.7
Acetabulum force (kN)2.8
Combined force (kN)4.5
Left femur
L-M force (kN)0.4
L-M moment (Nm)79
A-P moment (Nm) 24

Passenger injury measures

Test IDCES0310CES0311
Head HIC-15490491
Neck
Tension (kN)0.40.4
Compression (kN)1.01.0
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm)4646
Lateral force (kN)1.91.8
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm)4143
Average deflection (mm)3133
Maximum deflection rate (m/s)4.003.79
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s)0.690.70
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN)1.61.3
Acetabulum force (kN)3.02.8
Combined force (kN)4.23.8
Left femur
L-M force (kN)0.30.3
L-M moment (Nm)8075
A-P moment (Nm) 1313

Applies to 2001-04 models

Overall evaluation
G
Structure and safety cage
A
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
G
Torso
A
Pelvis/leg
G
Head protection
G
Rear passenger injury measures
Head/neck
G
Torso
G
Pelvis/leg
G
Head protection
A
Side crash test ratings can be compared across vehicle categories.

The 2002 Mazda Tribute is a twin of the tested vehicle.

The Ford Escape and Mazda Tribute were introduced in the 2001 model year.

Two tests of a 2003 Escape were conducted, one with an optional side airbag for the driver, and one without. A third test of an Escape, a 2005 model, was conducted because the side airbags were changed beginning with 2005 models to include protection for the rear passenger. These vehicles are rated separately, except that the injury and head protection ratings for the rear passenger are based on both tests of the 2003 models. Structural ratings for the three vehicles are based on all three tests.

Injury measures

Driver — Measures taken from the dummy indicate that rib fractures would be possible in a crash of this severity. The risk of significant injuries to other body regions is low.

Passenger — Measures taken from the dummies in the two tests of the 2003 model, taken together, indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.

Head protection

Driver — The dummy's head was protected from being hit by any hard structures, including the intruding barrier, by a side airbag that deployed from the seat.

Passenger — In both tests of the 2003 model, the dummy's head was hit by the pillar behind the rear passenger door. This pillar is required by federal standard to provide some protection for occupants' heads.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle2003 Ford Escape XLT 4wd
Weight 3,417 lbs.
Side airbagsoptional front seat-mounted combination head and torso airbags
Wheelbase103 in.
Length173 in.
Width70 in.
Engine3.0 L V6
EPA ratings18 mpg city / 23 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test IDCES0310CES0311CES0424
B-pillar to longitudinal centerline of driver's seat (cm)
Negative numbers indicate the amount by which the crush stopped short of the seat centerline.
-6.5-7.5-5.5

Driver injury measures

Test IDCES0310
Head HIC-15215
Neck
Tension (kN)1.6
Compression (kN)0.3
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm)49
Lateral force (kN)1.7
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm)42
Average deflection (mm)39
Maximum deflection rate (m/s)5.00
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s)0.93
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN)1.5
Acetabulum force (kN)2.3
Combined force (kN)3.8
Left femur
L-M force (kN)0.4
L-M moment (Nm)71
A-P moment (Nm) -20

Passenger injury measures

Test IDCES0310CES0311
Head HIC-15490491
Neck
Tension (kN)0.40.4
Compression (kN)1.01.0
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm)4646
Lateral force (kN)1.91.8
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm)4143
Average deflection (mm)3133
Maximum deflection rate (m/s)4.003.79
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s)0.690.70
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN)1.61.3
Acetabulum force (kN)3.02.8
Combined force (kN)4.23.8
Left femur
L-M force (kN)0.30.3
L-M moment (Nm)8075
A-P moment (Nm) 1313

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