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2006 Lincoln Zephyr

Midsize luxury/near luxury car
  • Moderate overlap front
    A
  • Side
    A
  • Roof strength
    A
Ratings shown are the latest available for this model year.
See below for ratings based on manufacture date.
1
Side airbags: front and rear head curtain airbags and front seat-mounted torso airbags
2
Electronic stability control (beginning with 2009 models)
3
Antilock brakes
4
Daytime running lights (optional on vehicles sold to fleets)
Model yearFront small overlapFront moderate overlapSideRoof strengthHead restraints & seats
2006
A
A
A

Applies to 2006 models built after January 2006

Overall evaluation
A
Structure and safety cage
G
Injury measures
Head/neck
G
Chest
G
Leg/foot, left
G
Leg/foot, right
P
Restraints and dummy kinematics
G
Important: Frontal crash test ratings should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

The 2006 Lincoln Zephyr is a twin of the tested vehicle.

The Ford Fusion, Mercury Milan, and Lincoln Zephyr were introduced in the 2006 model year. The Zephyr was renamed the MKZ beginning with 2007 models.

All 2006-07 Fusion, Milan, and Zephyr/MKZ models manufactured after January 2006 include a hard plastic "ramp" bolted above or below the carpeting near the base of the accelerator pedal designed to decrease right leg and foot injury risk in frontal offset crashes (note: information about when a specific vehicle was manufactured is on the certification label typically affixed to the car on or near the driver door).

The Insurance Institute for Highway Safety has evaluated the crashworthiness of a Fusion with the added part in a 40 mph frontal offset crash test into a deformable barrier.

Injury measures

Measures taken from the head, neck, and chest indicate low risk of injuries to these body regions in a crash of this severity. Forces on the right femur and tibia indicate that both upper and lower leg injuries would be possible. Also, a steel pin in the dummy’s ankle broke, indicating forces high enough that ankle injuries would be likely. Head acceleration from the roof rail hit was low.

Restraints and dummy kinematics

Dummy movement was well controlled. During rebound, the dummy's head hit the roof rail and grab handle.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle2006 Ford Fusion SE 4-door
Weight 3,386 lbs.
Side airbagsnone
Wheelbase107 in.
Length190 in.
Width72 in.
Engine3.0 L V6
EPA ratings21 mpg city / 29 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occcupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test IDCEF0601
Footwell intrusion
Footrest (cm)9
Left (cm)16
Center (cm)15
Right (cm)12
Brake pedal (cm)6
Instrument panel rearward movement
Left (cm)3
Right (cm)2
Steering column movement
Upward (cm)1
Rearward (cm)3
A-pillar rearward movement (cm)1

Driver injury measures

Test IDCEF0601
Head
HIC-15307
Peak gs at hard contact37.000000
Neck
Tension (kN)1.6
Extension bending moment (Nm)26
Maximum Nij 0.32
Chest maximum compression (mm)35
Legs
Femur force - left (kN)2.3
Femur force - right (kN)9.8
Knee displacement - left (mm)0
Knee displacement - right (mm)0
Maximum tibia index - left0.46
Maximum tibia index - right0.88
Tibia axial force - left (kN)2.2
Tibia axial force - right (kN)2.9
Foot acceleration (g)
Left130
Right127

Applies to 2006 models

Overall evaluation
A
Structure and safety cage
A
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
G
Torso
G
Pelvis/leg
P
Head protection
G
Rear passenger injury measures
Head/neck
G
Torso
A
Pelvis/leg
G
Head protection
G
Side crash test ratings can be compared across vehicle categories.

The 2006 Lincoln Zephyr is a twin of the tested vehicle.

The Lincoln Zephyr was introduced in the 2006 model year and renamed the MKZ beginning with the 2007 model year.

Injury measures

Driver — Measures taken from the dummy indicate that a fracture of the pelvis would be likely in a crash of this severity. The risk of significant injuries to other body regions is low.

Passenger — Measures taken from the dummy indicate that rib fractures would be possible in a crash of this severity. The risk of significant injuries to other body regions is low.

Head protection

Driver — The dummy's head was protected from being hit by any hard structures, including the intruding barrier, by a side curtain airbag that deployed from the roof and a side airbag that deployed from the seat.

Passenger — The dummy's head was protected from being hit by any hard structures, including the intruding barrier, by a side curtain airbag that deployed from the roof.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle2006 Lincoln Zephyr 4-door
Weight 3,514 lbs.
Side airbagsstandard front and rear head curtain airbags and standard front seat-mounted torso airbags
Wheelbase107 in.
Length190 in.
Width72 in.
Engine3.0 L V6
EPA ratings20 mpg city / 28 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test IDCES0619
B-pillar to longitudinal centerline of driver's seat (cm)
Negative numbers indicate the amount by which the crush stopped short of the seat centerline.
-8.0

Driver injury measures

Test IDCES0619
Head HIC-15180
Neck
Tension (kN)1.5
Compression (kN)0.3
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm)37
Lateral force (kN)2.2
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm)28
Average deflection (mm)25
Maximum deflection rate (m/s)4.96
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s)0.66
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN)3.8
Acetabulum force (kN)3.5
Combined force (kN)7.2
Left femur
L-M force (kN)0.7
L-M moment (Nm)81
A-P moment (Nm) 37

Passenger injury measures

Test IDCES0619
Head HIC-15152
Neck
Tension (kN)0.1
Compression (kN)0.2
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm)55
Lateral force (kN)1.6
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm)49
Average deflection (mm)39
Maximum deflection rate (m/s)4.10
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s)0.93
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN)0.5
Acetabulum force (kN)2.2
Combined force (kN)2.5
Left femur
L-M force (kN)0.7
L-M moment (Nm)104
A-P moment (Nm) -66

Applies to 2006 models

Overall evaluation
A
Curb weight3,394 lbs
Peak force11,300 lbs
Strength-to-weight ratio3.33
Tested vehicle
2010 Ford Fusion SE 4-door
Roof strength test ratings can be compared across vehicle categories.

In the test, the strength of the roof is determined by pushing a metal plate against one side of it at a slow but constant speed. The force applied relative to the vehicle's weight is known as the strength-to-weight ratio. This graph shows how the ratio varied as the test of this vehicle progressed. The peak strength-to-weight ratio recorded at any time before the roof is crushed 5 inches is the key measurement of roof strength.

A good rating requires a strength-to-weight ratio of at least 4. In other words, the roof must withstand a force of at least 4 times the vehicle's weight before the plate crushes the roof by 5 inches. For an acceptable rating, the minimum required strength-to-weight ratio is 3.25. For a marginal rating, it is 2.5. Anything lower than that is poor.

How this test is conducted

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