Applies to 2003-11 models built after May 2003
|Structure and safety cage|
|Restraints and dummy kinematics|
|Important: Frontal crash test ratings should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.
The Lincoln Town Car, Ford Crown Victoria, and Mercury Grand Marquis were re-engineered for the 2003 model year. Beginning with 2008 models, the Ford Crown Victoria was sold when new only to fleets. The Mercury Grand Marquis was discontinued after the 2010 model year.
The Insurance Institute for Highway Safety has evaluated the crashworthiness of a 2003 Town Car in two 40 mph frontal offset crash tests into deformable barriers. In the first test, a high acceleration occurred when the dummy's head rebounded against the B-pillar, indicating a possibility of head injury. This led Lincoln to modify the frontal airbag deployment characteristics on models produced after May 2003 (note: information about when a specific vehicle was manufactured is on the certification label typically affixed to the car on or near the driver door).
The Institute tested a second Town Car with the modified airbags, and all head injury measures were low. Ratings of the Town Car listed here are from the second test.
In the second test, measures taken from the head, neck, and chest indicate low risk of injuries to these body regions in a crash of this severity. Forces on the left femur, knee, and tibia indicate that injuries to the leg and knee would be possible. Head acceleration from the roof rail/window frame hit was low.
Restraints and dummy kinematics
Dummy movement was reasonably well controlled in the second test. During rebound, the top of the head hit the roof rail and adjacent window frame between the A- and B-pillars. As in the first test, the driver's seat tipped toward the door.
Tested vehicle specifications
|Tested vehicle||2003 Lincoln Town Car Premium Signature 4-door|
|Weight|| 4,339 lbs.|
|Side airbags||front seat-mounted combination head and torso airbags|
|Engine||4.6 L V8|
|EPA ratings||17 mpg city / 25 mpg highway|
How this test is conducted
Measures of occcupant compartment intrusion on driver side
|Brake pedal (cm)||6|
|Instrument panel rearward movement|
|Steering column movement|
|A-pillar rearward movement (cm)||7|
Driver injury measures
|Peak gs at hard contact||15 |
|Tension (kN)||1.5 |
|Extension bending moment (Nm)||10 |
|Maximum Nij ||0.26 |
|Chest maximum compression (mm)||36 |
force - left
force - right
displacement - left
|Knee displacement - right (mm)||0 |
index - left||0.97 |
index - right||0.34 |
force - left
force - right
|Foot acceleration (g)|