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2011 Lincoln MKS

Large luxury car
2010 Lincoln MKS shown
2010 Lincoln MKS shown
Crashworthiness
  • Small overlap front
    P
  • Moderate overlap front
    G
  • Side
    G
  • Roof strength
    G
  • Head restraints & seats
    G

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The photos and videos shown here may be of a different model, model year or body type from the one selected. The ratings of one vehicle often apply to other models if they are built on the same platform. In addition, a test of a vehicle from one model year may apply to earlier or later model years if the vehicle hasn't been significantly redesigned.

Model year Front overlap Side Roof strength Head restraints & seats Front crash prevention
Small Moderate
2016
P
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
Basic
2015
P
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
Basic
2014
P
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
Basic
2013
P
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
Basic
2012
P
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
2011
P
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
2010
P
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
2009
P
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating

Applies to 2009-16 models

Overall evaluation
P
Structure and safety cage
P
Injury measures
Head/neck
G
Chest
G
Hip/thigh
P
Lower leg/foot
A
Restraints and dummy kinematics
A
Important: Frontal crash test ratings should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

The Lincoln MKS was introduced in the 2009 model year.

Structure

The driver space was not maintained well, with maximum intrusion of the lower interior of 30 cm at the lower hinge pillar. Upper interior intrusion measured as much as 29 cm at the hinge pillar. The door sill was pushed in laterally 13 cm toward the driver, and the steering column was pushed back 13 cm.

Injury measures

Measures from the dummy indicate that injuries to the left hip would be likely in a crash of this severity. Injuries to the left knee and left lower leg would be possible. Head injury risk from the instrument panel/window sill hit was low.

Restraints and dummy kinematics

The dummy’s head barely contacted the frontal airbag before sliding off the left side as the steering column moved 15 cm to the right, contributing to the head hitting the instrument panel. The side curtain airbag deployed and has sufficient forward coverage to protect the head from contact with side structure and outside objects. The side torso airbag also deployed.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle 2014 Lincoln MKS 4-door
Weight 4,243 lbs.
Side airbags front and rear head curtain airbags and front seat-mounted torso airbags
Wheelbase 113 in.
Length 206 in.
Width 76 in.
Engine 3.7 L V6
EPA ratings 19 mpg city / 28 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CEN1435
Lower occupant compartment
Lower hinge pillar max (cm) 30
Footrest (cm) 20
Left toepan (cm) 25
Brake pedal (cm) 14
Parking brake (cm) 25
Rocker panel lateral average (cm) 13
Upper occupant compartment
Steering column 13
Upper hinge pillar max (cm) 29
Upper dash (cm) 24
Lower instrument panel (cm) 20

Driver injury measures

Test ID CEN1435
Head
HIC-15 82
Peak gs at hard contact 36
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.2
Extension bending moment (Nm) 11
Maximum Nij 0.25
Chest maximum compression (mm) 19
Femur (kN)
Left 6.6
Right 2.1
Knee displacement (mm)
Left 13
Right 2
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left 30
Right 0
Maximum tibia index
Left 0.90
Right 0.62
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left 1.4
Right 0.9
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 43
Right 50

Applies to 2009-16 models

Overall evaluation
G
Structure and safety cage
G
Injury measures
Head/neck
G
Chest
G
Leg/foot, left
G
Leg/foot, right
G
Restraints and dummy kinematics
G
Important: Frontal crash test ratings should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

The Lincoln MKS was introduced in the 2009 model year. Frontal ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test conducted by Ford as part of frontal crash test verification.

Injury measures

Measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.

Restraints and dummy kinematics

Dummy movement was well controlled. After the dummy moved forward into the airbag, it rebounded into the seat without its head coming close to any stiff structure that could cause injury.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle 2009 Lincoln MKS Ultimate 4-door
Weight 4,159 lbs.
Side airbags front and rear head curtain airbags and front seat-mounted torso airbags
Wheelbase 113 in.
Length 204 in.
Width 76 in.
Engine 3.7 L V6
EPA ratings 17 mpg city / 24 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occcupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID VTF0810
Footwell intrusion
Footrest (cm) 4
Left (cm) 6
Center (cm) 8
Right (cm) 7
Brake pedal (cm) 5
Instrument panel rearward movement
Left (cm) 2
Right (cm) 2
Steering column movement
Upward (cm) 3
Rearward (cm) 1
A-pillar rearward movement (cm) 2

Driver injury measures

Test ID VTF0810
Head
HIC-15 189
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.1
Extension bending moment (Nm) 8
Maximum Nij 0.31
Chest maximum compression (mm) 30
Legs
Femur force - left (kN) 0.9
Femur force - right (kN) 1.4
Knee displacement - left (mm) 2
Knee displacement - right (mm) 0
Maximum tibia index - left 0.33
Maximum tibia index - right 0.72
Tibia axial force - left (kN) 1.9
Tibia axial force - right (kN) 3.2
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 44
Right 58

Applies to 2009-16 models

Overall evaluation
G
Structure and safety cage
G
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
G
Torso
G
Pelvis/leg
G
Head protection
G
Rear passenger injury measures
Head/neck
G
Torso
G
Pelvis/leg
G
Head protection
G
Side crash test ratings can be compared across vehicle categories.

The Lincoln MKS was introduced in the 2009 model year.

Injury measures

Driver — Measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.

Passenger — Measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.

Head protection

Driver — The dummy’s head was protected from being hit by any hard structures, including the intruding barrier, by a side curtain airbag that deployed from the roof.

Passenger — The dummy’s head was protected from being hit by any hard structures, including the intruding barrier, by a side curtain airbag that deployed from the roof.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle 2009 Lincoln MKS 4-door
Weight 4,135 lbs.
Side airbags standard front and rear head curtain airbags and standard front seat-mounted torso airbags
Wheelbase 113 in.
Length 204 in.
Width 76 in.
Engine 3.7 L V6
EPA ratings 17 mpg city / 24 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CES0834
B-pillar to longitudinal centerline of driver's seat (cm)
Negative numbers indicate the amount by which the crush stopped short of the seat centerline.
-13.5

Driver injury measures

Test ID CES0834
Head HIC-15 106
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.7
Compression (kN) 0.0
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 25
Lateral force (kN) 1.2
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 29
Average deflection (mm) 23
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 2.85
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.42
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 1.9
Acetabulum force (kN) 3.0
Combined force (kN) 4.8
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 0.3
L-M moment (Nm) 103
A-P moment (Nm) 46

Passenger injury measures

Test ID CES0834
Head HIC-15 163
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.1
Compression (kN) 0.3
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 25
Lateral force (kN) 1.2
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 24
Average deflection (mm) 18
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 2.75
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.22
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 0.3
Acetabulum force (kN) 1.9
Combined force (kN) 2.1
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 0.5
L-M moment (Nm) 222
A-P moment (Nm) 33

Applies to 2009-16 models

Overall evaluation
G
Curb weight 4,172 lbs
Peak force 17,461 lbs
Strength-to-weight ratio 4.19
Tested vehicle
2010 Lincoln MKS 4-door
Roof strength test ratings can be compared across vehicle categories.

In the test, the strength of the roof is determined by pushing a metal plate against one side of it at a slow but constant speed. The force applied relative to the vehicle's weight is known as the strength-to-weight ratio. This graph shows how the ratio varied as the test of this vehicle progressed. The peak strength-to-weight ratio recorded at any time before the roof is crushed 5 inches is the key measurement of roof strength.

A good rating requires a strength-to-weight ratio of at least 4. In other words, the roof must withstand a force of at least 4 times the vehicle's weight before the plate crushes the roof by 5 inches. For an acceptable rating, the minimum required strength-to-weight ratio is 3.25. For a marginal rating, it is 2.5. Anything lower than that is poor.

How this test is conducted

Applies to 2009-12 models

Overall evaluation
G
Dynamic rating
G
Seat/head restraint geometry
G
Important: Ratings for head restraints & seats should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

Seat type

Power leather seats

How this test is conducted

Seat type Power leather seats
Geometry
Backset (mm) 25
Distance below top of head (mm) 22
Seat design parameters
Pass/fail Pass
Max T1 acceleration (g) 10.1
Head contact time (ms) 58
Force rating 1
Neck forces
Max neck shear force (N) 16
Max neck tension (N) 545
1
Side airbags: front and rear head curtain airbags and front seat-mounted torso airbags
2
Rollover sensor: designed to deploy the side curtain airbags in the event of an impending rollover
3
Electronic stability control
4
Antilock brakes
5
Daytime running lights (optional on fleet vehicles only)

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