Applies to 2016 models
|Structure and safety cage|
|Restraints and dummy kinematics|
Important: Frontal crash test ratings should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.
The Lexus ES was redesigned for the 2013 model year. There are now two models, the ES 350 powered by a V6 gasoline engine and the ES 300h, a hybrid with both a 2.5-liter 4-cylinder gasoline engine and an electric motor.
Beginning with 2016 models, the front structure, A-pillar/roof rail, hinge pillar, and door sill were modified to improve occupant protection in small overlap frontal crashes. Small overlap ratings apply to both the ES 350 and ES 300h.
The driver space was maintained very well, with maximum intrusion of the lower interior of 9 cm at the parking brake pedal. Upper interior intrusion measured 2-3 cm at the upper hinge pillar and instrument panel.
Measures from the dummy indicate that injuries to the right lower leg would be possible in a crash of this severity. The risk of significant injuries to other body regions is low.
Restraints and dummy kinematics
The dummy’s movement was well controlled. The dummy’s head loaded the frontal airbag, which stayed in front of the dummy until rebound. The side curtain airbag deployed and had sufficient forward coverage to protect the head from contact with side structure and outside objects. The side torso airbag also deployed.
Tested vehicle specifications
|Tested vehicle||2016 Lexus ES 350 4-door|
|Weight|| 3,587 lbs.|
|Side airbags||front and rear head curtain airbags and front and rear seat-mounted torso airbags|
|Engine||3.5 L V6|
|EPA ratings||21 mpg city / 31 mpg highway|
How this test is conducted
Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side
|Lower occupant compartment|
|Lower hinge pillar max (cm)||8|
|Left toepan (cm)||5|
|Brake pedal (cm)||7|
|Parking brake (cm)||9|
|Rocker panel lateral average (cm)||5|
|Upper occupant compartment|
|Upper hinge pillar max (cm)||2|
|Upper dash (cm)||2|
|Lower instrument panel (cm)||3|
Driver injury measures
|Peak gs at hard contact||no contact |
|Tension (kN)||1.3 |
|Extension bending moment (Nm)||20 |
|Maximum Nij ||0.34 |
|Chest maximum compression (mm)||20 |
|Knee displacement (mm)|
|Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)|
|Maximum tibia index|
|Tibia axial force (kN)|
|Foot acceleration (g)|