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2017 Lexus ES 350

Midsize luxury car
2016 Lexus ES 350 shown
2016 Lexus ES 350 shown
Crashworthiness
  • Small overlap front
    G
  • Moderate overlap front
    G
  • Side
    G
  • Roof strength
    G
  • Head restraints & seats
    G

Crash avoidance & Mitigation
Front crash prevention
Crash avoidance rating
Superior

Headlights
A
only certain
trims

Check for NHTSA recalls
Model year Front overlap Side Roof strength Head restraints & seats Front crash prevention
Small Moderate
2017
G
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
Superior
2016
G
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
Superior
2015
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
Advanced
2014
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
Advanced
2013
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
Advanced
2012
P
G
G
G
M
Crash avoidance rating
2011
P
G
G
G
M
Crash avoidance rating
2010
P
G
G
G
M
Crash avoidance rating
2009
P
G
G
G
M
Crash avoidance rating
2008
P
G
G
G
M
Crash avoidance rating
2007
P
G
G
G
M
Crash avoidance rating

Applies to 2016-17 models

Overall evaluation
G
Structure and safety cage
G
Injury measures
Head/neck
G
Chest
G
Hip/thigh
G
Lower leg/foot
A
Restraints and dummy kinematics
G
Important: Frontal crash test ratings should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

The Lexus ES was redesigned for the 2013 model year. There are now two models, the ES 350 powered by a V6 gasoline engine and the ES 300h, a hybrid with both a 2.5-liter 4-cylinder gasoline engine and an electric motor.

Beginning with 2016 models, the front structure, A-pillar/roof rail, hinge pillar, and door sill were modified to improve occupant protection in small overlap frontal crashes. Small overlap ratings apply to both the ES 350 and ES 300h.

Structure

The driver space was maintained well, with maximum intrusion of the lower interior of 9 cm at the parking brake pedal. Upper interior intrusion measured 2-3 cm at the upper hinge pillar and instrument panel.

Injury measures

Measures from the dummy indicate that injuries to the right lower leg would be possible in a crash of this severity. The risk of significant injuries to other body regions is low.

Restraints and dummy kinematics

The dummy’s movement was well controlled. The dummy’s head loaded the frontal airbag, which stayed in front of the dummy until rebound. The side curtain airbag deployed and had sufficient forward coverage to protect the head from contact with side structure and outside objects. The side torso airbag also deployed.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle 2016 Lexus ES 350 4-door
Weight 3,587 lbs.
Side airbags front and rear head curtain airbags and front and rear seat-mounted torso airbags
Wheelbase 111 in.
Length 193 in.
Width 72 in.
Engine 3.5 L V6
EPA ratings 21 mpg city / 31 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CEN1528
Lower occupant compartment
Lower hinge pillar max (cm) 8
Footrest (cm) 6
Left toepan (cm) 5
Brake pedal (cm) 7
Parking brake (cm) 9
Rocker panel lateral average (cm) 5
Upper occupant compartment
Steering column 0
Upper hinge pillar max (cm) 2
Upper dash (cm) 2
Lower instrument panel (cm) 3

Driver injury measures

Test ID CEN1528
Head
HIC-15 146
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.3
Extension bending moment (Nm) 20
Maximum Nij 0.34
Chest maximum compression (mm) 20
Femur (kN)
Left 0.6
Right 3.1
Knee displacement (mm)
Left 2
Right 1
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left 0
Right 1
Maximum tibia index
Left 0.42
Right 0.62
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left 1.9
Right 5.2
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 57
Right 66

Applies to 2013-17 models

Overall evaluation
G
Structure and safety cage
G
Injury measures
Head/neck
G
Chest
G
Leg/foot, left
G
Leg/foot, right
G
Restraints and dummy kinematics
G
Important: Frontal crash test ratings should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

The Lexus ES was redesigned for the 2013 model year. There are now two models, the ES 350 powered by a V6 gasoline engine and the ES 300h, a hybrid with both a 2.5-liter 4-cylinder gasoline engine and an electric motor. Moderate offset frontal ratings apply to both models and are assigned by the Institute based on a test of an ES 350 conducted by Toyota as part of frontal crash test verification.

Injury measures

Measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.

Restraints and dummy kinematics

Dummy movement was well controlled. The driver and passenger side curtain airbags deployed during the crash.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle 2013 Lexus ES 350 4-door
Weight 3,549 lbs.
Side airbags front and rear head curtain airbags and front and rear seat-mounted torso airbags
Wheelbase 111 in.
Length 193 in.
Width 72 in.
Engine 3.5 L V6
EPA ratings 21 mpg city / 31 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occcupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID VTF1203
Footwell intrusion
Footrest (cm) 6
Left (cm) 8
Center (cm) 4
Right (cm) 4
Brake pedal (cm) 4
Instrument panel rearward movement
Left (cm) 2
Right (cm) 1
Steering column movement
Upward (cm) 0
Rearward (cm) 2
A-pillar rearward movement (cm) 1

Driver injury measures

Test ID VTF1203
Head
HIC-15 212
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.3
Extension bending moment (Nm) 27
Maximum Nij 0.30
Chest maximum compression (mm) 20
Legs
Femur force - left (kN) 1.5
Femur force - right (kN) 3.0
Knee displacement - left (mm) 3
Knee displacement - right (mm) 5
Maximum tibia index - left 0.50
Maximum tibia index - right 0.67
Tibia axial force - left (kN) 2.4
Tibia axial force - right (kN) 3.7
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 44
Right 58

Applies to 2013-17 models

Overall evaluation
G
Structure and safety cage
G
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
G
Torso
G
Pelvis/leg
G
Head protection
G
Rear passenger injury measures
Head/neck
G
Torso
G
Pelvis/leg
G
Head protection
G
Side crash test ratings can be compared across vehicle categories.

The Lexus ES was redesigned for the 2013 model year. There are now two models, the ES 350 powered by a V6 gasoline engine and the ES 300h, a hybrid with both a 2.5-liter 4-cylinder gasoline engine and an electric motor. Side ratings ratings apply to both models and are assigned by the Institute based on a test of an ES 350 conducted by Toyota as part of side crash test verification.

Injury measures

Driver — Measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.

Passenger — Measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.

Head protection

Driver — The dummy’s head was protected from being hit by any hard structures, including the intruding barrier, by a side curtain airbag that deployed from the roof.

Passenger — The dummy’s head was protected from being hit by any hard structures, including the intruding barrier, by a side curtain airbag that deployed from the roof.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle 2013 Lexus ES 350 4-door
Weight 3,549 lbs.
Side airbags standard front and rear head curtain airbags and standard front and rear seat-mounted torso airbags
Wheelbase 111 in.
Length 193 in.
Width 72 in.
Engine 3.5 L V6
EPA ratings 21 mpg city / 31 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID VTS1205
B-pillar to longitudinal centerline of driver's seat (cm)
Negative numbers indicate the amount by which the crush stopped short of the seat centerline.
-14.0

Driver injury measures

Test ID VTS1205
Head HIC-15 379
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.6
Compression (kN) 0.2
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 44
Lateral force (kN) 1.5
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 30
Average deflection (mm) 25
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 3.56
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.33
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 1.9
Acetabulum force (kN) 1.5
Combined force (kN) 3.4
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 0.5
L-M moment (Nm) 23
A-P moment (Nm) -53

Passenger injury measures

Test ID VTS1205
Head HIC-15 66
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.1
Compression (kN) 0.3
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 14
Lateral force (kN) 0.7
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 23
Average deflection (mm) 20
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 4.66
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.23
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 0.4
Acetabulum force (kN) 0.9
Combined force (kN) 1.1
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 0.9
L-M moment (Nm) 39
A-P moment (Nm) 137

Applies to 2013-17 models

Overall evaluation
G
Curb weight 3,558 lbs
Peak force 18,556 lbs
Strength-to-weight ratio 5.22
Tested vehicle
Rating applies to both the ES 350 (tested) and the ES 300h (hybrid) models.
2013 Lexus ES 350 4-door
Roof strength test ratings can be compared across vehicle categories.

In the test, the strength of the roof is determined by pushing a metal plate against one side of it at a slow but constant speed. The force applied relative to the vehicle's weight is known as the strength-to-weight ratio. This graph shows how the ratio varied as the test of this vehicle progressed. The peak strength-to-weight ratio recorded at any time before the roof is crushed 5 inches is the key measurement of roof strength.

A good rating requires a strength-to-weight ratio of at least 4. In other words, the roof must withstand a force of at least 4 times the vehicle's weight before the plate crushes the roof by 5 inches. For an acceptable rating, the minimum required strength-to-weight ratio is 3.25. For a marginal rating, it is 2.5. Anything lower than that is poor.

How this test is conducted

Applies to 2013-17 models

Overall evaluation
G
Dynamic rating
G
Seat/head restraint geometry
G
Important: Ratings for head restraints & seats should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

Seat type

Power leather seats

How this test is conducted

Seat type Power leather seats
Geometry
Backset (mm) 11
Distance below top of head (mm) 14
Seat design parameters
Pass/fail Pass
Max T1 acceleration (g) 14.1
Head contact time (ms) 56
Force rating 1
Neck forces
Max neck shear force (N) 0
Max neck tension (N) 415

Applies to 2017 models

System details

  • Standard Pre-Collision System with Pedestrian Detection

Overall evaluation

Crash avoidance rating
Superior
6 points total

Forward collision warning

This system meets the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration's criteria for forward collision warning.
1 point

Low-speed autobrake

In the 12 mph IIHS test, this vehicle avoided a collision.
2 points

High-speed autobrake

In the 25 mph IIHS test, this vehicle avoided a collision.
3 points

How this rating is determined

Ratings are given for 2 different headlight variations available for this vehicle.
Trim level(s)
  • 350 trim
  • 300h trim
Low-beam headlight type LED projector
High-beam headlight type Halogen reflector
Curve-adaptive? No
Automatically switches between low beams and high beams (high-beam assist)? Yes
Overall rating
A
Distance at which headlights provide at least 5 lux illumination:
car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler 0 ft 100 ft 200 ft 300 ft 400 ft 500 ft 600 ft Low beams Optimal low-beam illumination High beams Optimal high-beam illumination High-beam assist credit

Low beams

On the straightaway, visibility was inadequate on both sides of the road. On curves, visibility was fair on both right curves and inadequate on both left curves.

The low beams never exceeded glare limits.

High beams

On the straightaway, visibility was good on the right side of the road and fair on the left side. On curves, visibility was good on the gradual right curve, fair on the sharp right and gradual left curves, and inadequate on the sharp left curve.

High-beam assist compensates for some limitations of this vehicle's low beams on the straightaway and all 4 curves.

How this test is conducted

Trim level(s)
  • 350 trim equipped with Bi-LED headlamps package
  • 300h trim equipped with Bi-LED headlamps package
Low-beam headlight type LED projector
High-beam headlight type LED projector
Curve-adaptive? No
Automatically switches between low beams and high beams (high-beam assist)? Yes
Overall rating
M
Distance at which headlights provide at least 5 lux illumination:
car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler 0 ft 100 ft 200 ft 300 ft 400 ft 500 ft 600 ft Low beams Optimal low-beam illumination High beams Optimal high-beam illumination High-beam assist credit

Low beams

On the straightaway, visibility was inadequate on both sides of the road. On curves, visibility was fair on both right curves and inadequate on both left curves.

The low beams never exceeded glare limits.

High beams

On the straightaway, visibility was fair on the right side of the road and inadequate on the left side. On curves, visibility was good on the gradual right curve, fair on the sharp right and gradual left curves, and inadequate on the sharp left curve.

High-beam assist compensates for some limitations of this vehicle's low beams on the straightaway and all 4 curves.

How this test is conducted

Trim level(s)
  • 350 trim
  • 300h trim
Low-beam headlight type LED projector
High-beam headlight type Halogen reflector
Curve-adaptive? No
High-beam assist? Yes
Overall rating
Applies to 2016-17 models
A
LOW BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Amount glare
exceeded threshold
Straightaway right edge 70.9 m None
Straightaway left edge 44.6 m None
250m radius right curve, right edge 64.9 m None
250m radius left curve, left edge 44.0 m None
150m radius right curve, right edge 54.2 m None
150m radius left curve, left edge 44.7 m None
HIGH BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Straightaway right edge 155.2 m
Straightaway left edge 133.0 m
250m radius right curve, right edge 79.0 m
250m radius left curve, left edge 66.1 m
150m radius right curve, right edge 59.2 m
150m radius left curve, left edge 50.9 m

Trim level(s)
  • 350 trim equipped with Bi-LED headlamps package
  • 300h trim equipped with Bi-LED headlamps package
Low-beam headlight type LED projector
High-beam headlight type LED projector
Curve-adaptive? No
High-beam assist? Yes
Overall rating
Applies to 2016-17 models
M
LOW BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Amount glare
exceeded threshold
Straightaway right edge 65.8 m None
Straightaway left edge 39.2 m None
250m radius right curve, right edge 63.2 m None
250m radius left curve, left edge 38.6 m None
150m radius right curve, right edge 54.6 m None
150m radius left curve, right edge 38.1 m None
HIGH BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Straightaway right edge 132.3 m
Straightaway left edge 126.3 m
250m radius right curve, right edge 79.0 m
250m radius left curve, left edge 67.7 m
150m radius right curve, right edge 58.4 m
150m radius left curve, left edge 49.2 m

1
Side airbags: front and rear head curtain airbags and front and rear seat-mounted torso airbags
2
Rollover sensor: designed to deploy the side curtain airbags in the event of an impending rollover (beginning with 2016 models)
3
Driver and front passenger knee airbags: separate airbags in the lower instrument panel designed to minimize knee injuries in frontal crashes
4
Electronic stability control
5
Antilock brakes
6
Daytime running lights

©1996-2016, Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, Highway Loss Data Institute | www.iihs.org