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2016 Lexus ES 350

Midsize luxury/near luxury car
Crashworthiness
  • Small overlap front
    G
  • Moderate overlap front
    G
  • Side
    G
  • Roof strength
    G
  • Head restraints & seats
    G

Crash avoidance & Mitigation
Front crash prevention
Crash avoidance rating
Superior
with optional
equipment

Headlights
A
with optional
equipment

Child Seat Anchors (LATCH)
ease of use
A


Ratings shown are the latest available for this model year.
See below for ratings based on manufacture date.

Check for NHTSA recalls
Model year Front overlap SideRoof strengthHead restraints & seatsFront crash prevention
SmallModerate
2016
G
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
Superior
2015
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
Advanced
2014
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
Advanced
2013
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
Advanced
2012
P
G
G
G
M
Crash avoidance rating
2011
P
G
G
G
M
Crash avoidance rating
2010
P
G
G
G
M
Crash avoidance rating
2009
P
G
G
G
M
Crash avoidance rating
2008
P
G
G
G
M
Crash avoidance rating
2007
P
G
G
G
M
Crash avoidance rating

Applies to 2016 models

Overall evaluation
G
Structure and safety cage
G
Injury measures
Head/neck
G
Chest
G
Hip/thigh
G
Lower leg/foot
A
Restraints and dummy kinematics
G
Important: Frontal crash test ratings should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

The Lexus ES was redesigned for the 2013 model year. There are now two models, the ES 350 powered by a V6 gasoline engine and the ES 300h, a hybrid with both a 2.5-liter 4-cylinder gasoline engine and an electric motor.

Beginning with 2016 models, the front structure, A-pillar/roof rail, hinge pillar, and door sill were modified to improve occupant protection in small overlap frontal crashes. Small overlap ratings apply to both the ES 350 and ES 300h.

Structure

The driver space was maintained very well, with maximum intrusion of the lower interior of 9 cm at the parking brake pedal. Upper interior intrusion measured 2-3 cm at the upper hinge pillar and instrument panel.

Injury measures

Measures from the dummy indicate that injuries to the right lower leg would be possible in a crash of this severity. The risk of significant injuries to other body regions is low.

Restraints and dummy kinematics

The dummy’s movement was well controlled. The dummy’s head loaded the frontal airbag, which stayed in front of the dummy until rebound. The side curtain airbag deployed and had sufficient forward coverage to protect the head from contact with side structure and outside objects. The side torso airbag also deployed.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle2016 Lexus ES 350 4-door
Weight 3,587 lbs.
Side airbagsfront and rear head curtain airbags and front and rear seat-mounted torso airbags
Wheelbase111 in.
Length193 in.
Width72 in.
Engine3.5 L V6
EPA ratings21 mpg city / 31 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test IDCEN1528
Lower occupant compartment
Lower hinge pillar max (cm)8
Footrest (cm)6
Left toepan (cm)5
Brake pedal (cm)7
Parking brake (cm)9
Rocker panel lateral average (cm)5
Upper occupant compartment
Steering column0
Upper hinge pillar max (cm)2
Upper dash (cm)2
Lower instrument panel (cm)3

Driver injury measures

Test IDCEN1528
Head
HIC-15146
Peak gs at hard contactno contact
Neck
Tension (kN)1.3
Extension bending moment (Nm)20
Maximum Nij 0.34
Chest maximum compression (mm)20
Femur (kN)
Left0.6
Right3.1
Knee displacement (mm)
Left2
Right1
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left0
Right1
Maximum tibia index
Left0.42
Right0.62
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left1.9
Right5.2
Foot acceleration (g)
Left57
Right66

Applies to 2013-16 models

Overall evaluation
G
Structure and safety cage
G
Injury measures
Head/neck
G
Chest
G
Leg/foot, left
G
Leg/foot, right
G
Restraints and dummy kinematics
G
Important: Frontal crash test ratings should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

The Lexus ES was redesigned for the 2013 model year. There are now two models, the ES 350 powered by a V6 gasoline engine and the ES 300h, a hybrid with both a 2.5-liter 4-cylinder gasoline engine and an electric motor. Moderate offset frontal ratings apply to both models and are assigned by the Institute based on a test of an ES 350 conducted by Toyota as part of frontal crash test verification.

Injury measures

Measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.

Restraints and dummy kinematics

Dummy movement was well controlled. The driver and passenger side curtain airbags deployed during the crash.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle2013 Lexus ES 350 4-door
Weight 3,549 lbs.
Side airbagsfront and rear head curtain airbags and front and rear seat-mounted torso airbags
Wheelbase111 in.
Length193 in.
Width72 in.
Engine3.5 L V6
EPA ratings21 mpg city / 31 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occcupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test IDVTF1203
Footwell intrusion
Footrest (cm)6
Left (cm)8
Center (cm)4
Right (cm)4
Brake pedal (cm)4
Instrument panel rearward movement
Left (cm)2
Right (cm)1
Steering column movement
Upward (cm)0
Rearward (cm)2
A-pillar rearward movement (cm)1

Driver injury measures

Test IDVTF1203
Head
HIC-15212
Peak gs at hard contactno contact
Neck
Tension (kN)1.3
Extension bending moment (Nm)27
Maximum Nij 0.30
Chest maximum compression (mm)20
Legs
Femur force - left (kN)1.5
Femur force - right (kN)3.0
Knee displacement - left (mm)3
Knee displacement - right (mm)5
Maximum tibia index - left0.50
Maximum tibia index - right0.67
Tibia axial force - left (kN)2.4
Tibia axial force - right (kN)3.7
Foot acceleration (g)
Left44
Right58

Applies to 2013-16 models

Overall evaluation
G
Structure and safety cage
G
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
G
Torso
G
Pelvis/leg
G
Head protection
G
Rear passenger injury measures
Head/neck
G
Torso
G
Pelvis/leg
G
Head protection
G
Side crash test ratings can be compared across vehicle categories.

The Lexus ES was redesigned for the 2013 model year. There are now two models, the ES 350 powered by a V6 gasoline engine and the ES 300h, a hybrid with both a 2.5-liter 4-cylinder gasoline engine and an electric motor. Side ratings ratings apply to both models and are assigned by the Institute based on a test of an ES 350 conducted by Toyota as part of side crash test verification.

Injury measures

Driver — Measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.

Passenger — Measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.

Head protection

Driver — The dummy’s head was protected from being hit by any hard structures, including the intruding barrier, by a side curtain airbag that deployed from the roof.

Passenger — The dummy’s head was protected from being hit by any hard structures, including the intruding barrier, by a side curtain airbag that deployed from the roof.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle2013 Lexus ES 350 4-door
Weight 3,549 lbs.
Side airbagsstandard front and rear head curtain airbags and standard front and rear seat-mounted torso airbags
Wheelbase111 in.
Length193 in.
Width72 in.
Engine3.5 L V6
EPA ratings21 mpg city / 31 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test IDVTS1205
B-pillar to longitudinal centerline of driver's seat (cm)
Negative numbers indicate the amount by which the crush stopped short of the seat centerline.
-14.0

Driver injury measures

Test IDVTS1205
Head HIC-15379
Neck
Tension (kN)0.6
Compression (kN)0.2
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm)44
Lateral force (kN)1.5
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm)30
Average deflection (mm)25
Maximum deflection rate (m/s)3.56
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s)0.33
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN)1.9
Acetabulum force (kN)1.5
Combined force (kN)3.4
Left femur
L-M force (kN)0.5
L-M moment (Nm)23
A-P moment (Nm) -53

Passenger injury measures

Test IDVTS1205
Head HIC-1566
Neck
Tension (kN)0.1
Compression (kN)0.3
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm)14
Lateral force (kN)0.7
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm)23
Average deflection (mm)20
Maximum deflection rate (m/s)4.66
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s)0.23
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN)0.4
Acetabulum force (kN)0.9
Combined force (kN)1.1
Left femur
L-M force (kN)0.9
L-M moment (Nm)39
A-P moment (Nm) 137

Applies to 2013-16 models

Overall evaluation
G
Curb weight3,558 lbs
Peak force18,556 lbs
Strength-to-weight ratio5.22
Tested vehicle
Rating applies to both the ES 350 (tested) and the ES 300h (hybrid) models.
2013 Lexus ES 350 4-door
Roof strength test ratings can be compared across vehicle categories.

In the test, the strength of the roof is determined by pushing a metal plate against one side of it at a slow but constant speed. The force applied relative to the vehicle's weight is known as the strength-to-weight ratio. This graph shows how the ratio varied as the test of this vehicle progressed. The peak strength-to-weight ratio recorded at any time before the roof is crushed 5 inches is the key measurement of roof strength.

A good rating requires a strength-to-weight ratio of at least 4. In other words, the roof must withstand a force of at least 4 times the vehicle's weight before the plate crushes the roof by 5 inches. For an acceptable rating, the minimum required strength-to-weight ratio is 3.25. For a marginal rating, it is 2.5. Anything lower than that is poor.

How this test is conducted

Applies to 2013-16 models

Overall evaluation
G
Dynamic rating
G
Seat/head restraint geometry
G
Important: Ratings for head restraints & seats should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

Seat type

Power leather seats

How this test is conducted

Seat typePower leather seats
Geometry
Backset (mm)11
Distance below top of head (mm)14
Seat design parameters
Pass/failPass
Max T1 acceleration (g)14.1
Head contact time (ms)56
Force rating1
Neck forces
Max neck shear force (N)0
Max neck tension (N)415

Applies to 2016 models

System details

  • Optional Pedestrian Pre-Collision System

Package name

  • Optional Lexus Safety Sense +

Overall evaluation

Crash avoidance rating
Superior
with optional
equipment
6 points total

Forward collision warning

This system meets the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration's criteria for forward collision warning.
1 point

Low-speed autobrake

In the 12 mph IIHS test, this vehicle avoided a collision.
2 points

High-speed autobrake

In the 25 mph IIHS test, this vehicle avoided a collision.
3 points

How this rating is determined

Ratings are given for 4 different headlight variations available for this vehicle.
Trim level(s)
  • All trims equipped with Lexus Safety System + package
Low-beam headlight typeLED projector
High-beam headlight typeHalogen reflector
Curve-adaptive?No
Automatically switches between low beams and high beams (high-beam assist)?Yes
Overall rating
A
Distance at which headlights provide at least 5 lux illumination:
car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler 0 ft 100 ft 200 ft 300 ft 400 ft 500 ft 600 ft Low beams Optimal low-beam illumination High beams Optimal high-beam illumination Rating includes credit for high-beam assist

Low beams

On the straightaway, visibility was inadequate on both sides of the road. On curves, visibility was fair on both right curves and inadequate on both left curves.

The low beams never created excessive glare.

High beams

On the straightaway, visibility was good on the right side of the road and fair on the left side. On curves, visibility was good on the gradual right curve, fair on the sharp right and gradual left curves, and inadequate on the sharp left curve.

High-beam assist compensates for some limitations of this vehicle's low beams on the straightaway and all 4 curves.

How this test is conducted

Trim level(s)
  • All trims equipped with Bi-LED headlamps and Lexus Safety System + packages
Low-beam headlight typeLED projector
High-beam headlight typeLED projector
Curve-adaptive?No
Automatically switches between low beams and high beams (high-beam assist)?Yes
Overall rating
M
Distance at which headlights provide at least 5 lux illumination:
car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler 0 ft 100 ft 200 ft 300 ft 400 ft 500 ft 600 ft Low beams Optimal low-beam illumination High beams Optimal high-beam illumination Rating includes credit for high-beam assist

Low beams

On the straightaway, visibility was inadequate on both sides of the road. On curves, visibility was fair on both right curves and inadequate on both left curves.

The low beams never created excessive glare.

High beams

On the straightaway, visibility was fair on the right side of the road and inadequate on the left side. On curves, visibility was good on the gradual right curve, fair on the sharp right and gradual left curves, and inadequate on the sharp left curve.

High-beam assist compensates for some limitations of this vehicle's low beams on the straightaway and all 4 curves.

How this test is conducted

Trim level(s)
  • All trims
Low-beam headlight typeLED projector
High-beam headlight typeHalogen reflector
Curve-adaptive?No
Automatically switches between low beams and high beams (high-beam assist)?No
Overall rating
M
Distance at which headlights provide at least 5 lux illumination:
car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler 0 ft 100 ft 200 ft 300 ft 400 ft 500 ft 600 ft Low beams Optimal low-beam illumination High beams Optimal high-beam illumination

Low beams

On the straightaway, visibility was inadequate on both sides of the road. On curves, visibility was fair on both right curves and inadequate on both left curves.

The low beams never created excessive glare.

High beams

On the straightaway, visibility was good on the right side of the road and fair on the left side. On curves, visibility was good on the gradual right curve, fair on the sharp right and gradual left curves, and inadequate on the sharp left curve.

How this test is conducted

Trim level(s)
  • All trims equipped with Bi-LED headlamps package
Low-beam headlight typeLED projector
High-beam headlight typeLED projector
Curve-adaptive?No
Automatically switches between low beams and high beams (high-beam assist)?No
Overall rating
P
Distance at which headlights provide at least 5 lux illumination:
car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler 0 ft 100 ft 200 ft 300 ft 400 ft 500 ft 600 ft Low beams Optimal low-beam illumination High beams Optimal high-beam illumination

Low beams

On the straightaway, visibility was inadequate on both sides of the road. On curves, visibility was fair on both right curves and inadequate on both left curves.

The low beams never created excessive glare.

High beams

On the straightaway, visibility was fair on the right side of the road and inadequate on the left side. On curves, visibility was good on the gradual right curve, fair on the sharp right and gradual left curves, and inadequate on the sharp left curve.

How this test is conducted

Trim level(s)
  • All trims equipped with Lexus Safety System + package
Low-beam headlight typeLED projector
High-beam headlight typeHalogen reflector
Curve-adaptive?No
High-beam assist?Yes
Overall rating
Applies to 2016 models
A
LOW BEAMSAverage minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Acceptable glare?
Straightaway right edge70.9 mYes
Straightaway left edge44.6 mYes
250m radius right curve, right edge64.9 mYes
250m radius left curve, left edge44.0 mYes
150m radius right curve, right edge54.2 mYes
150m radius left curve, left edge44.7 mYes
HIGH BEAMSAverage minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Straightaway right edge155.2 m
Straightaway left edge133.0 m
250m radius right curve, right edge79.0 m
250m radius left curve, left edge66.1 m
150m radius right curve, right edge59.2 m
150m radius left curve, left edge50.9 m

Trim level(s)
  • All trims equipped with Bi-LED headlamps and Lexus Safety System + packages
Low-beam headlight typeLED projector
High-beam headlight typeLED projector
Curve-adaptive?No
High-beam assist?Yes
Overall rating
Applies to 2016 models
M
LOW BEAMSAverage minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Acceptable glare?
Straightaway right edge65.8 mYes
Straightaway left edge39.2 mYes
250m radius right curve, right edge63.2 mYes
250m radius left curve, left edge38.6 mYes
150m radius right curve, right edge54.6 mYes
150m radius left curve, right edge38.1 mYes
HIGH BEAMSAverage minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Straightaway right edge132.3 m
Straightaway left edge126.3 m
250m radius right curve, right edge79.0 m
250m radius left curve, left edge67.7 m
150m radius right curve, right edge58.4 m
150m radius left curve, left edge49.2 m

Trim level(s)
  • All trims
Low-beam headlight typeLED projector
High-beam headlight typeHalogen reflector
Curve-adaptive?No
High-beam assist?No
Overall rating
Applies to 2016 models
M
LOW BEAMSAverage minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Acceptable glare?
Straightaway right edge70.9 mYes
Straightaway left edge44.6 mYes
250m radius right curve, right edge64.9 mYes
250m radius left curve, left edge44.0 mYes
150m radius right curve, right edge54.2 mYes
150m radius left curve, left edge44.7 mYes
HIGH BEAMSAverage minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Straightaway right edge155.2 m
Straightaway left edge133.0 m
250m radius right curve, right edge79.0 m
250m radius left curve, left edge66.1 m
150m radius right curve, right edge59.2 m
150m radius left curve, left edge50.9 m

Trim level(s)
  • All trims equipped with Bi-LED headlamps package
Low-beam headlight typeLED projector
High-beam headlight typeLED projector
Curve-adaptive?No
High-beam assist?No
Overall rating
Applies to 2016 models
P
LOW BEAMSAverage minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Acceptable glare?
Straightaway right edge65.8 mYes
Straightaway left edge39.2 mYes
250m radius right curve, right edge63.2 mYes
250m radius left curve, left edge38.6 mYes
150m radius right curve, right edge54.6 mYes
150m radius left curve, right edge38.1 mYes
HIGH BEAMSAverage minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Straightaway right edge132.3 m
Straightaway left edge126.3 m
250m radius right curve, right edge79.0 m
250m radius left curve, left edge67.7 m
150m radius right curve, right edge58.4 m
150m radius left curve, left edge49.2 m

Applies to 2016 models built after August 2015

How this rating is determined

Overall evaluation

A
Vehicle trimES 350 Ultra Luxury Package
Seat type leather

This vehicle has 2 rear seating positions with complete child seat attachment (LATCH) hardware.

It has 1 additional seating position with a tether anchor only.

123


Good
Acceptable
Marginal
Poor
Seating positions that rely on borrowed lower anchors or have only a tether anchor available are not rated.
Tether anchor
Lower anchors
Lower anchor(s) can be borrowed from adjacent positions(s)
No hardware available

Details by seating position

1
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
no other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
too deep in seat
not too much force needed to attach
easy to maneuver around anchors
2
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
no other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
none available
3
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
no other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
too deep in seat
not too much force needed to attach
easy to maneuver around anchors

Seat position 21

3
Lower anchor A
Depth (cm)2-4
Force (lbs)39
Clearance angle (degrees)76
Lower anchor B
Depth (cm)2-4
Force (lbs)31
Clearance angle (degrees)87
Tether anchor
LocationRear deck
Confusing hardware presentNo
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
No

Seat position 22

2
Lower anchor A
No lower latch for this seat position
Lower anchor B
No lower latch for this seat position
Tether anchor
LocationRear deck
Confusing hardware presentNo
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
No

Seat position 23

1
Lower anchor A
Depth (cm)2-4
Force (lbs)33
Clearance angle (degrees)88
Lower anchor B
Depth (cm)2-4
Force (lbs)36
Clearance angle (degrees)81
Tether anchor
LocationRear deck
Confusing hardware presentNo
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
No

Applies to 2016 models built after August 2015

How this rating is determined

Overall evaluation

M
Vehicle trimES 350
Seat type leatherette

This vehicle has 2 rear seating positions with complete child seat attachment (LATCH) hardware.

It has 1 additional seating position with a tether anchor only.

123


Good
Acceptable
Marginal
Poor
Seating positions that rely on borrowed lower anchors or have only a tether anchor available are not rated.
Tether anchor
Lower anchors
Lower anchor(s) can be borrowed from adjacent positions(s)
No hardware available

Details by seating position

1
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
no other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
too deep in seat
too much force needed to attach
easy to maneuver around anchors
2
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
no other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
none available
3
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
no other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
too deep in seat
too much force needed to attach
easy to maneuver around anchors

Seat position 21

3
Lower anchor A
Depth (cm)2-4
Force (lbs)could not measure
Clearance angle (degrees)77
Lower anchor B
Depth (cm)2-4
Force (lbs)could not measure
Clearance angle (degrees)78
Tether anchor
LocationRear deck
Confusing hardware presentNo
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
No

Seat position 22

2
Lower anchor A
No lower latch for this seat position
Lower anchor B
No lower latch for this seat position
Tether anchor
LocationRear deck
Confusing hardware presentNo
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
No

Seat position 23

1
Lower anchor A
Depth (cm)2-4
Force (lbs)28
Clearance angle (degrees)79
Lower anchor B
Depth (cm)2-4
Force (lbs)could not measure
Clearance angle (degrees)75
Tether anchor
LocationRear deck
Confusing hardware presentNo
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
No

Applies to 2016 models built before September 2015

How this rating is determined

Overall evaluation

M
Vehicle trimES 350
Seat type leather

This vehicle has 2 rear seating positions with complete child seat attachment (LATCH) hardware.

It has 1 additional seating position with a tether anchor only.

123


Good
Acceptable
Marginal
Poor
Seating positions that rely on borrowed lower anchors or have only a tether anchor available are not rated.
Tether anchor
Lower anchors
Lower anchor(s) can be borrowed from adjacent positions(s)
No hardware available

Details by seating position

1
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
no other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
too deep in seat
too much force needed to attach
easy to maneuver around anchors
2
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
no other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
none available
3
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
no other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
too deep in seat
too much force needed to attach
easy to maneuver around anchors

Seat position 21

3
Lower anchor A
Depth (cm)2-4
Force (lbs)40
Clearance angle (degrees)68
Lower anchor B
Depth (cm)2-4
Force (lbs)40
Clearance angle (degrees)64
Tether anchor
LocationRear deck
Confusing hardware presentNo
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
No

Seat position 22

2
Lower anchor A
No lower latch for this seat position
Lower anchor B
No lower latch for this seat position
Tether anchor
LocationRear deck
Confusing hardware presentNo
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
No

Seat position 23

1
Lower anchor A
Depth (cm)2-4
Force (lbs)40
Clearance angle (degrees)66
Lower anchor B
Depth (cm)2-4
Force (lbs)40
Clearance angle (degrees)65
Tether anchor
LocationRear deck
Confusing hardware presentNo
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
No
1
Side airbags: front and rear head curtain airbags and front and rear seat-mounted torso airbags
2
Rollover sensor: designed to deploy the side curtain airbags in the event of an impending rollover (beginning with 2016 models)
3
Driver and front passenger knee airbags: separate airbags in the lower instrument panel designed to minimize knee injuries in frontal crashes
4
Electronic stability control
5
Antilock brakes
6
Daytime running lights

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