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2006 Kia Spectra

Small car
  • Moderate overlap front
    A
  • Side
    P
  • Head restraints & seats
    A
1
Side airbags: front and rear head curtain airbags and front seat-mounted torso airbags
2
Antilock brakes (optional)
Model yearFront small overlapFront moderate overlapSideRoof strengthHead restraints & seats
2009
A
M
A
2008
A
M
A
2007
A
P
A
2006
A
P
A
2005
A
P
A
2004
P
P

Applies to 2005-09 models

Overall evaluation
A
Structure and safety cage
G
Injury measures
Head/neck
A
Chest
A
Leg/foot, left
M
Leg/foot, right
A
Restraints and dummy kinematics
A
Important: Frontal crash test ratings should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

The Kia Spectra was redesigned during the 2004 model year. (The old design was produced through November 2003; these cars are also designated as 2004 models.) All 2004 and later Spectra models manufactured after November 2003 are the redesigned cars (note: information about when a specific vehicle was manufactured is on the certification label typically affixed to the car on or near the driver door).

The Institute evaluated a 2004 Spectra manufactured after November 2003. Forces on the head and neck were high, leading to a marginal head/neck injury rating. This rating, along with acceptable or marginal ratings for the chest and both legs, contributed to a poor overall rating. In response, Kia reduced the size of the driver airbag vent holes to lessen the injury forces occurring on the head and neck. Cars manufactured after January 2005 are equipped with the new airbag design.

The evaluation of the Spectra below is based on the test of a 2005 model built before January 2005 but retrofitted prior to the test with the redesigned airbag. However, because no structural changes were made, the structure rating is based on tests of both the 2005 and 2004 models.

Injury measures

A high head acceleration occurred when the dummy's head hit the steering wheel through the airbag, indicating that head injuries would be possible in a crash of this severity. Forces on the chest and both tibias indicate that injuries of the chest and lower legs would be possible. Head acceleration from the B-pillar hit was low.

Restraints and dummy kinematics

Dummy movement was reasonably well controlled. During rebound, the dummy's head moved partway out the open side window and hit the B-pillar.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle2005 Kia Spectra EX 4-door
Weight 2,864 lbs.
Side airbagsfront and rear head curtain airbags and front seat-mounted torso airbags
Wheelbase103 in.
Length177 in.
Width68 in.
Engine2.0 L 4-cylinder
EPA ratings24 mpg city / 34 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occcupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test IDCEF0417CEF0502
Footwell intrusion
Footrest (cm)1812
Left (cm)2020
Center (cm)1817
Right (cm)1514
Brake pedal (cm)1615
Instrument panel rearward movement
Left (cm)55
Right (cm)54
Steering column movement
Upward (cm)53
Rearward (cm)0-1
A-pillar rearward movement (cm)22

Driver injury measures

Test IDCEF0502
Head
HIC-15383
Peak gs at hard contact80
Neck
Tension (kN)2.5
Extension bending moment (Nm)32
Maximum Nij 0.54
Chest maximum compression (mm)25
Legs
Femur force - left (kN)0.4
Femur force - right (kN)4.9
Knee displacement - left (mm)0
Knee displacement - right (mm)3
Maximum tibia index - left1.05
Maximum tibia index - right0.84
Tibia axial force - left (kN)2.0
Tibia axial force - right (kN)4.2
Foot acceleration (g)
Left63
Right120

Applies to 2004-08 models

Overall evaluation
P
Structure and safety cage
M
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
G
Torso
P
Pelvis/leg
M
Head protection
G
Rear passenger injury measures
Head/neck
G
Torso
M
Pelvis/leg
A
Head protection
G
Side crash test ratings can be compared across vehicle categories.

The Kia Spectra was redesigned during the 2004 model year. (The old design was produced through November 2003; these cars are also designated as 2004 models.) All 2004 and later Spectra models manufactured after November 2003 are the redesigned cars (note: information about when a specific vehicle was manufactured is on the certification label typically affixed to the car on or near the driver door).

Kia has made structural and side torso airbag modifications beginning with 2008 models manufactured after August 2007, so these ratings do not apply to cars built after this date.

Injury measures

Driver — Measures taken from the dummy indicate that rib fractures and/or internal organ injuries would be likely in a crash of this severity. A fracture of the pelvis would also be possible.

Passenger — Measures taken from the dummy indicate that rib fractures and/or internal organ injuries plus a left femur fracture would be possible in a crash of this severity.

Head protection

Driver — The dummy's head was protected from being hit by any hard structures, including the intruding barrier, by a side curtain airbag that deployed from the roof and a side airbag that deployed from the seat.

Passenger — The dummy's head was protected from being hit by any hard structures, including the intruding barrier, by a side curtain airbag that deployed from the roof.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle2004 Kia Spectra EX 4-door
Weight 2,870 lbs.
Side airbagsstandard front and rear head curtain airbags and standard front seat-mounted torso airbags
Wheelbase103 in.
Length176 in.
Width68 in.
Engine2.0 L 4-cylinder
EPA ratings24 mpg city / 34 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test IDCES0422
B-pillar to longitudinal centerline of driver's seat (cm)
Negative numbers indicate the amount by which the crush stopped short of the seat centerline.
-2.5

Driver injury measures

Test IDCES0422
Head HIC-15251
Neck
Tension (kN)1.1
Compression (kN)0.5
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm)48
Lateral force (kN)2.0
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm)58
Average deflection (mm)53
Maximum deflection rate (m/s)7.01
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s)2.12
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN)3.8
Acetabulum force (kN)2.5
Combined force (kN)6.3
Left femur
L-M force (kN)0.3
L-M moment (Nm)160
A-P moment (Nm) 31

Passenger injury measures

Test IDCES0422
Head HIC-15294
Neck
Tension (kN)0.3
Compression (kN)0.5
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm)34
Lateral force (kN)1.9
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm)55
Average deflection (mm)35
Maximum deflection rate (m/s)6.18
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s)1.09
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN)0.4
Acetabulum force (kN)1.5
Combined force (kN)1.7
Left femur
L-M force (kN)0.8
L-M moment (Nm)297
A-P moment (Nm) -158

Applies to 2006-09 models

Overall evaluation
A
Dynamic rating
A
Seat/head restraint geometry
G
Important: Head restraints & seats ratings should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

Seat type

Seats without active head restraints

How this test is conducted

Seat typeSeats without active head restraints
Geometry
Backset (mm)55
Distance below top of head (mm)38
Seat design parameters
Pass/failFail
Max T1 acceleration (g)12.9
Head contact time (ms)86
Force ratingLow
Neck forces
Max neck shear force (N)49
Max neck tension (N)601

Applies to 2006-09 models

Overall evaluation
A
Dynamic rating
A
Seat/head restraint geometry
G
Important: Head restraints & seats ratings should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

Seat type

Seats with active head restraints

How this test is conducted

Seat typeSeats with active head restraints
Geometry
Backset (mm)68
Distance below top of head (mm)40
Seat design parameters
Pass/failFail
Max T1 acceleration (g)10.1
Head contact time (ms)87
Force ratingLow
Neck forces
Max neck shear force (N)89
Max neck tension (N)609

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