Applies to 2001-06 models
|Structure and safety cage|
|Driver injury measures|
|Rear passenger injury measures|
|Side crash test ratings can be compared across vehicle categories.
The 2002 Kia Optima is a twin of the tested vehicle.
The Hyundai Sonata was redesigned for the 1999 model year, and the Kia Optima was introduced in the 2001 model year. The Sonata was again redesigned for 2006, but the Kia Optima remained unchanged for the early part of the 2006 model year (2006 cars manufactured before October 2005). Therefore the ratings listed here also apply to early 2006 Optimas.
Driver — Measures taken from the dummy indicate that rib fractures and/or internal organ injuries plus a fracture of the pelvis would be likely in a crash of this severity.
Passenger — Measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.
Driver — The dummy's head was protected from being hit by any hard structures, including the intruding barrier, by a side airbag that deployed from the seat.
Passenger — The dummy's head was hit by the pillar behind the rear passenger door and the window sill of the rear door. This pillar is required by federal standard to provide some protection for occupants' heads. The hit by the window sill did not produce high head injury measures, but the head protection is inadequate.
Tested vehicle specifications
|Tested vehicle||2004 Hyundai Sonata GLS 4-door|
|Weight|| 3,277 lbs.|
|Side airbags||standard front seat-mounted combination head and torso airbags|
|Engine||2.7 L V6|
|EPA ratings||19 mpg city / 27 mpg highway|
How this test is conducted
Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side
|B-pillar to longitudinal centerline of driver's seat (cm) |
Negative numbers indicate the amount by which the crush stopped short of the seat centerline.
Driver injury measures
|Lateral deflection (mm)||44|
|Lateral force (kN)||1.8|
|Maximum deflection (mm)||57|
|Average deflection (mm)||39|
|Maximum deflection rate (m/s)||6.98|
|Maximum viscous criterion (m/s)||1.90|
|Iliac force (kN)||4.7|
|Acetabulum force (kN)||3.8|
|Combined force (kN)||8.3|
Passenger injury measures
|Lateral deflection (mm)||30|
|Lateral force (kN)||1.7|
|Maximum deflection (mm)||45|
|Average deflection (mm)||30|
|Maximum deflection rate (m/s)||4.09|
|Maximum viscous criterion (m/s)||0.67|
|Iliac force (kN)||0.6|
|Acetabulum force (kN)||2.2|
|Combined force (kN)||2.7|