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2002 Kia Optima

Midsize moderately priced car
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  • Moderate overlap front
    A
  • Side
    P
  • Head restraints & seats
    P
1
Side airbags: front seat-mounted combination head and torso airbags
2
Antilock brakes (optional)
Model yearFront small overlapFront moderate overlapSideRoof strengthHead restraints & seats
2014
A
G
G
G
G
2013
A
G
G
G
G
2012
A
G
G
G
G
2011
A
G
G
G
G
2010
G
A
M
G
2009
G
A
M
G
2008
G
A
M
G
2007
G
A
M
G
2006
G
A
M
G
2005
A
P
P
2004
A
P
P
2003
A
P
P
2002
A
P
P
2001
A
P
P

Applies to 2001-06 models

Overall evaluation
A
Structure and safety cage
M
Injury measures
Head/neck
G
Chest
G
Leg/foot, left
A
Leg/foot, right
M
Restraints and dummy kinematics
G
Important: Frontal crash test ratings should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

The 2002 Kia Optima is a twin of the tested vehicle.

The Hyundai Sonata was redesigned for the 1999 model year, and the Kia Optima was introduced in the 2001 model year. The Sonata was again redesigned for 2006, but the Kia Optima remained unchanged for the early part of the 2006 model year (2006 cars manufactured before October 2005). Therefore the ratings listed here also apply to early 2006 Optimas.

Injury measures

Measures taken from the head, neck, and chest indicate low risk of injuries to these body regions in a crash of this severity. Forces on both tibias indicate that injuries to the lower legs would be possible. Head acceleration from the B-pillar hit was low.

Restraints and dummy kinematics

Dummy movement was well controlled. During rebound, the dummy's head hit the B-pillar and roof rail.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle1999 Hyundai Sonata 4-door
Weight 3,131 lbs.
Side airbagsfront seat-mounted combination head and torso airbags
Wheelbase106 in.
Length185 in.
Width71 in.
Engine2.4 L 4-cylinder
EPA ratings21 mpg city / 28 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occcupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test IDCF99003
Footwell intrusion
Footrest (cm)12
Left (cm)23
Center (cm)25
Right (cm)22
Brake pedal (cm)27
Instrument panel rearward movement
Left (cm)12
Right (cm)10
Steering column movement
Upward (cm)-3
Rearward (cm)-9
A-pillar rearward movement (cm)10

Driver injury measures

Test IDCF99003
Head
HIC-15275
Peak gs at hard contact13
Neck
Tension (kN)1.4
Extension bending moment (Nm)11
Maximum Nij 0.32
Chest maximum compression (mm)36
Legs
Femur force - left (kN)5.8
Femur force - right (kN)3.0
Knee displacement - left (mm)9
Knee displacement - right (mm)3
Maximum tibia index - left0.84
Maximum tibia index - right1.10
Tibia axial force - left (kN)1.5
Tibia axial force - right (kN)6.9
Foot acceleration (g)
Left82
Right123

Applies to 2001-06 models

Overall evaluation
P
Structure and safety cage
P
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
G
Torso
P
Pelvis/leg
P
Head protection
G
Rear passenger injury measures
Head/neck
G
Torso
G
Pelvis/leg
G
Head protection
M
Side crash test ratings can be compared across vehicle categories.

The 2002 Kia Optima is a twin of the tested vehicle.

The Hyundai Sonata was redesigned for the 1999 model year, and the Kia Optima was introduced in the 2001 model year. The Sonata was again redesigned for 2006, but the Kia Optima remained unchanged for the early part of the 2006 model year (2006 cars manufactured before October 2005). Therefore the ratings listed here also apply to early 2006 Optimas.

Injury measures

Driver — Measures taken from the dummy indicate that rib fractures and/or internal organ injuries plus a fracture of the pelvis would be likely in a crash of this severity.

Passenger — Measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.

Head protection

Driver — The dummy's head was protected from being hit by any hard structures, including the intruding barrier, by a side airbag that deployed from the seat.

Passenger — The dummy's head was hit by the pillar behind the rear passenger door and the window sill of the rear door. This pillar is required by federal standard to provide some protection for occupants' heads. The hit by the window sill did not produce high head injury measures, but the head protection is inadequate.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle2004 Hyundai Sonata GLS 4-door
Weight 3,277 lbs.
Side airbagsstandard front seat-mounted combination head and torso airbags
Wheelbase106 in.
Length197 in.
Width72 in.
Engine2.7 L V6
EPA ratings19 mpg city / 27 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test IDCES0317
B-pillar to longitudinal centerline of driver's seat (cm)
Negative numbers indicate the amount by which the crush stopped short of the seat centerline.
1.5

Driver injury measures

Test IDCES0317
Head HIC-15484
Neck
Tension (kN)1.3
Compression (kN)0.1
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm)44
Lateral force (kN)1.8
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm)57
Average deflection (mm)39
Maximum deflection rate (m/s)6.98
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s)1.90
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN)4.7
Acetabulum force (kN)3.8
Combined force (kN)8.3
Left femur
L-M force (kN)0.9
L-M moment (Nm)92
A-P moment (Nm) 35

Passenger injury measures

Test IDCES0317
Head HIC-15228
Neck
Tension (kN)0.8
Compression (kN)0.8
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm)30
Lateral force (kN)1.7
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm)45
Average deflection (mm)30
Maximum deflection rate (m/s)4.09
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s)0.67
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN)0.6
Acetabulum force (kN)2.2
Combined force (kN)2.7
Left femur
L-M force (kN)0.8
L-M moment (Nm)103
A-P moment (Nm) -44

Applies to 2001-05 models

Overall evaluation
P
Dynamic rating
P
Seat/head restraint geometry
A
Important: Ratings for head restraints & seats should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

Seat type

Seats that adjust manually

How this test is conducted

Seat typeSeats that adjust manually
Geometry
Backset (mm)68
Distance below top of head (mm)68
Seat design parameters
Pass/failFail
Max T1 acceleration (g)13.3
Head contact time (ms)87
Force ratingHigh
Neck forces
Max neck shear force (N)235
Max neck tension (N)1,394

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